The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Deaconries
S. Adriano al Foro --- S. Eustachio


S. Adriano al Foro S. Agata alla Suburra S. Agata de' Goti S. Agata in Diaconia S. Agnese in Agone S. Angelo in Pescheria Ss. Angeli Custodi a Città Giardino

Annunciazione della Beata Vergine Maria in Via Ardeatina S. Anselmo all'Aventino S. Antonio di Padova a Circonvallazione Appia

S. Apollinare alle Terme Nenroniane-Alessandrine S. Benedetto fuori Porta S. Paolo Ss. Biagio e Carlo ai Catinari S. Bonifacio S. Cesareo in Palatio

Ss. Cosma e Damiano Sacro Cuore di Cristo Re Sacro Cuore di Gesù a Castro Pretorio Dio Padre misericordioso

S. Domenico di Guzman Ss. Domenico e Sisto S. Elena fuori Porta Prenestina S. Eugenio S. Eustachio

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S. Adriano al Foro
According to Liber Pontificalis, the Church of S. Adriano al Foro was founded by Pope Honorius I about 630 in the ancient Curia Hostilia. The church is mentioned ca. 650. It was designated by Pope Sergius as the starting point for the litanies during certain religious celebrations. It was erected as a deaconry in the VIII Region of Rome by Pope St. Gregory III about 734 and confirmed by Pope Adrian I around 775. It was situated in the VIII Roman Region (Augustea). Because of the destruction of the ancient church for the restoration of the "curia del Senato", the deaconry was suppressed by the apostolic constitution Sanct Hadriani Ecclesia, January 25, 1946, of Pope Pius XII (1939-1958) and transferred to the church of S. Paolo alla Regola.

Pietro (1062-1072)
Paolo Boschetti (1072-1073)
Berardo (ca. 1075-ca. 1090)
Giovanni (1090-ca. 1099)
Berardo (1099-1100)
Pietro, O.S.B.Cas. (ca. 1100-1122)
Matteo (1122-ca. 1126)
Pierre (1127-1130)
Guido (1130-1138)
Germano (1130-1137?), pseudocardinal of Antipope Anacletus II
Ubaldo (1138-1141)
Gilberto (1141-1143)
Giovanni Paparoni (1143-1151)
Alberto di Morra, Can. Reg. Prem. of Saint-Martin of Laon (1155-1158)
Cinzio Papareschi (1158-1178)
Eutichio (1178)
Rainier (1178-1182)
Gerardo (1182-1208)
Angelo (1212-1214)
Stefano de Normandis dei Conti (1216-1228)
Goffredo da Trani (1244-1245)
Ottobono Fieschi (1251-1276)
Napoleone Orsini (1288-1342)
Rinaldo Orsini (1350-1374)
Gentile de Sangro (1378-1385/1386)
Ludovico Fieschi (1385-1423)
Bonifacio Ammanati (1397-1399), pseudocardinal of Antipope Benedict XIII
Hugues de Lusignan (1426-1431)
Vacant (1431-1473)
Stefano Nardini, pro illa vice title (1473-1476)
Giovanni d'Aragona (1477-1483)
Vacant (1483-1489)
Pierre d'Aubusson, O.S.Io.Hieros. (1489-1503)
François Guillaume de Castelnau-Clermont-Ludève (1503-1509)
Bandinello Sauli (1511)
Agostino Trivulzio (1517-1537); in commendam (1537); his deaconry again (1537-1548)
Jean du Bellay, pro illa vice title (1548-1549)
Odet de Coligny de Châtillon (1549-1563)
Innico d'Avalos d' Aragona, O.S. Iacobis. (1563-1567)
Fulvio Giulio della Corgna, O.S.Hier. (1567-1574)
Prospero Santacroce, pro illa vice title (1574-1583)
Andrzej Batory (1584-1587)
Girolamo Mattei (1587)
Agostino Cusani (1589-1591)
Odoardo Farnese (1591-1595)
Francesco Mantica (1596-1597)
Giovanni Battista Deti (1599)
Alessandro d'Este (1600)
Vacant (1600-1605)
Giovanni Doria (1605-1623)
Louis de Nogaret de La Valette (1623-1639)
Vacant (1639-1644)
Achille d'Estampes de Valençay (1644-1646)
Francesco Maidalchini (1647-1653)
Decio Azzolini, iuniore (1654-1668)
Carlo Cerri (1670-1690)
Gianfrancesco Albani (1690-1700)
Vacant (1700-1706)
Pietro Priuli (1706-1720)
Alessandro Albani, O.S.Io.Hieros. (1721-1722)
Giulio Alberoni (1724-1728)
Neri Maria Corsini (1731-1737)
Marcellino Corio (1739-1742)
Girolamo Bardi (1743-1753)
Giovanni Francesco Banchieri (1753-1763)
Enea Silvio Piccolomini (1766-1768)
Vacant (1768-1785)
Carlo Livizzani (1785-1794)
Vacant (1795-1803)
Luigi Gazzoli (1803-1809)
Vacant (1809-1817)
Lorenzo Prospero Bottini (1817-1818)
Cesare Guerrieri Gonzaga (1819-1832)
Vacant (1832-1838)
Giuseppe Ugolini (1838-1855)
Vacant (1855-1886)
Camillo Mazzella, S. J. (1886-1896)
José de Calasanz Vives y Tutó, O.F.M.Cap. (1899-1913)
Vacant (1913-1923)
Evaristo Lucidi (1923-1929)
Vacant (1929-1946)
Deaconry suppressed in 1946

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S. Agata alla Suburra
See S. Agata de' Goti

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S. Agata de' Goti
Its church is of ancient origin. It was an Arian church during the Gothic occupation in the 6th Century. The building was embellished by the Goths and became known as S. Agata de' Goti. The church was reconsecrated in 593 by Pope St. Gregory I the Great (590-604). The deaconry was established by Pope Leo III (795-816) as S. Agatha in Diaconia (or del Caval di Marmo, or in Equo Marmoreo, because of its proximity to an equestrian statue of Julius Caesar). The church was located in the southern side of the alta Semita, current site of the public garden of the Qurinale. It was in the VI Roman Region (Augustea). When the church became a ruin in the first half of the 16th Century, the deaconry was transferred to S. Agata alla Suburra (or Suburbia). During the pontificate of Pope Pius XI (1922-1939), the title became S. Agata de' Goti.

Giovanni (ca. 1025, or 1024, or 1030-1036)
Gregorio (1039), abbot of the monastery
Teofilatto (1048-1054), abbot of the monastery
Oderisio, O.S.B.Cas. (1059-1088)
Giovanni di Preneste, abbot of the monastery (?-?)
Oderisio, O.S.B.Cas., of the counts of Sangro (1112-1122)
Vitale Savelli (1130?-?)
Bernard de Garves (1310-1316) (1)
Galeotto Tarlati de Petramala (1378-1388)
Louis de Bar (1397-1409), pseudocardinal of Antipope Benedict XIII
Francesco Gonzaga, in commendam (1475-?)
Bartolomé Martí (1496-1500)
Ludovico Podocathor (1500-1504) (cardinal priest)
Gabriele de' Gabrielli (1505-1507)
Vacant (1507-1517)
Ercole Rangone (1517-1527)
Pirro Gonzaga (1528-1529)
Francesco Pisani, in commendam (1529-1545)
Tiberio Crispi (1545-1551); pro illa vice title (1551-1562)
Fulvio Giulio della Corgna, O.S.Hier., (assigned as a title) (1562-1565)
Giovanni Michele Saraceni (1565)
Giovanni Battista Cicala (1565-1568)
Tolomeo Gallio, pro illa vice title (1568-1587)
Girolamo Mattei (1587)
Benedetto Giustiniani (1587-1589)
Federico Borromeo, seniore (1589-1591)
Charles III de Lorraine-Vaudémont (1591-1607)
Luigi Capponi (1608-1620)
Marcantonio Gozzadini, pro illa vice title (1623)
Ottavio Ridolfi, pro illa vice title (1623-1624)
Francesco Barberini, seniore (1624-1632)
Antonio Barberini, iuniore, O.S.Io.Hieros. (1632-1642)
Giulio Gabrielli (1642-1655)
Giovanni Stefano Donghi (1655-1669)
Friedrich von Hessen-Darmstadt, O.S.Io.Hieros. (1670-1682)
Giorlamo Casanate (1682-1686)
Felice Rospigliosi (1686-1688)
Benedetto Pamphilj, O.S.Io.Hieros. (1688-1693)
Carlo Bichi (1693-1718)
Lorenzo Altieri (1718-1730)
Carlo Colonna (1730-1739)
Carlo Maria Marini (1739-1741)
Alessandro Albani, O.S.Io.Hieros. (1741-1743)
Agapito Mosca (1743-1760)
Girolamo Colonna Sciarra (1760-1763)
Prospero Colonna Sciarra (1763-1765)
Luigi Maria Torregiani (1765-1777)
Domenico Orsini d'Aragona (1777-1779)
Andrea Negroni (1779-1789)
Rainerio Finocchitti (1789-1793)
Lodovico Flangini (1794-1800)
Ercole Consalvi (1800-1817)
Agostino Rivarola (1817-1826)
Juan Francisco Marco y Catalán (1829-1841)
Giacomo Antonelli (1847-1868); in commendam (1868-1876)
Frédéric de Falloux du Coudray (1877-1879)
Giuseppe Pecci, S.J. (1879-1890)
Vacant (1890-1894)
Andreas Steinhuber, S.J. (1894-1907)
Gaetano Bisleti (1911-1928); pro illa vice title (1928-1937)
Konrad von Preysing, pro illa vice title (1946-1950)
John Francis D'Alton, pro illa vice title (1953-1963)
Enrico Dante (1965-1967)
Silvio Oddi (1969-1979); pro illa vice title (1979-2001)
Tomáš Špidlík, S.J. (2003-2010)
Raymond Leo Burke (2010-

(1) According to Cristofori, he was assigned to the deaconry of S. Eustachio in 1314 and to the title of S. Clemente in 1316.

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S. Agata in Diaconia
See S. Agata de' Goti

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S. Agnese in Agone
This deaconry was established in 1998 by Pope John Paul II. On July 6, 1517 Pope Leo X (1513-1521) had established the title of S. Agnese in Agone when he greatly increased the number of cardinals in the consistory of July 1, 1517. It had been suppressed by Pope Innocent XI (1644-1655) on October 5, 1654 and transferred to S. Agnese fuori le mura.

Lorenzo Antonetti (1998-2008); pro hac vice title (2008-2013)
Gerhard Ludwig Müller (2014-

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S. Angelo in Pescheria
This deaconry was established on June 1, 755 by Pope Stephen II (III) (752-757) with the name of S. Paolo Apostolo, according to an inscription by primicerius Teodoto, uncle of Pope Adrian I (772-795). It was located in the IX Roman Region (Augustea). In 806, the name was changed to S. Archangeli, and later to S. Angeli piscium venalium, de piscivendulis, in Foro piscium. This church was assigned both as a title and as a deaconry.

Gregorio Papareschi, seniore, Can. Reg. Lat. (1116-1130)
Gregorio Papareschi, iuniore (1134-ca. 1141)
Gregorio (1143-1155)
Bonadies de Bonadie (1155-1158)
Lando (1159-1179), pseudocardinal of Antipope Victor IV
Ermanno (1165-ca. 1170)
Ugo Pierleoni, Can. Reg. of St. Victor (1171-1178)
Giovanni (1178-1181 or 1182)
Ugo Etherianus (1182)
Andrea Boboni (1182-1187)
Boson (1187-1188)
Gregorio (1190-1202)
Pietro de Morra (1205-1206) (1)
Romano Bonaventura (1216-1234)
Riccardo Annibaldi (1237-1276)
Landolfo Brancaccio (1294-1312)
Pietro Colonna (1306-1326)
Giovanni Colonna (1327-1348)
Guillaume Noellet (1371-1394)
Pierre Blain (1395-1409), pseudocardinal of Antipope Benedict XIII (2)
Pietro Stefaneschi (1405-1409); again (1410-1417) (3)
Pedro Fonseca (1412-1418), pseudocardinal of Antipope Benedict XIII; (1418-1422)
Vacant (1422-1430)
Giuliano Cesarini, seniore (1430-ca. 1440)
Vacant (1442-1446)
Juan Carvajal (1446-1461); in commendam (1461-1469)
Giovanni Michiel (ca. 1470-1484); in commendam (1484-1503)
Giuliano Cesarini, iuniore (1503-1510)
Federico Sanseverino (1513-1514)
Matthäus Lang von Wellenburg (1514-1535) (assigned as a title)
Alessandro Farnese, iuniore (1534-1535)
Ennio Filonardi, pro illa vice title (1537-1546)
Ranuccio Farnese, O.S.Hier. (1546-1565)
Fulvio Giulio della Corgna, O.S.Hier. (1565-1566) (assigned as a title)
Giovanni Ricci(1566) (assigned as a title)
Scipione Rebiba (1566-1570) (assigned as a title)
Giovanni Antonio Serbelloni (1570-1577) (assigned as a title)
Luigi d'Este (1577-1583)
Flippo Guastavillani (1583-1587)
Andrzej Batory (1587-1599)
Andrea Baroni Peretti Montalto (1600-1617)
Luigi Capponi (1620-1621)
Francesco Boncompagni (1621-1626)
Ippolito Aldobrandini, iuniore (1626-1634)
Marzio Ginetti (1634-1644)
Girolamo Colonna (1644)
Giangiacomo Teodoro Trivulzio (1644-1652)
Vincenzo Costaguti (1652-1653)
Lorenzo Raggi (1653-1660)
Carlo Barberini (1660-1667)
Carlo Gualterio (1667-1668)
Angelo Celsi (1668-1671)
Felice Rospigliosi (1673-1682)
Gianfrancesco Ginetti (1682-1689)
Gaspare de' Cavalieri (1689-1690)
Francesco Barberini, iuniore (1690-1715)
Carlo Colonna (1715-1730)
Vacant (1730-1739)
Prospero Colonna (1739-1743)
Girolamo Colonna de Sciarra (1743-1753); in commendam (1753)
Flavio Chigi, iuniore (1753-1759)
Andrea Corsini (1759-1769)
Vacant (1769-1773)
Francesco D'Elci (1773-1787)
Vincenzo Maria Altieri (1787-1788)
Rainerio Finocchitti (1788-1789)
Ferdinando Spinelli (1789-1790)
Filippo Campanelli (1790-1791)
Fabrizio Ruffo (1794-1800)
Alphonse-Hubert de Latier de Bayane (1802-1818)
Vacant (1818-1830) (4)
Domenico de Simone (1830-1837)
Luigi Ciacchi (1838-1865)
Vacant (1865-1877)
Lorenzo Nina (1877-1879)
Frédéric de Falloux du Coudray (1879-1884)
Isidoro Verga (1884-1891)
Vacant (1891-1914)
Filippo Giustini (1914-1920)
Aurelio Galli (1923-1929)
Vacant (1929-1935)
Pietro Boetto, S.J. (1935-1938); pro illa vice title (1938-1946)
Vacant (1946-1953)
Augusto Álvaro da Silva, pro illa vice title (1953-1968)
Vacant (1968-2010)
Elio Sgreccia (2010-

(1) According to Cristofori, Cardinal Stefano de Ceccano, O.Cist., occupied this deaconry in December 1213.
(2) According to Cristofori, Pedro Serra, pseudocardinal of Antipope Benedict XIII, occupied this deaconry from 1397 to 1404.
(3) According to Cristofori, Pierre de Foix, seniore, O.F.M., pseudocardinal of Antipope John XXIII, occupied this deaconry from 1408 to 1409.
(4) The deaconry was assigned to Cardinal Viviano Orfini but he died before the celebration of the consistory of May 16, 1823, when he was to receive it.

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Ss. Angeli Custodi a Città Giardino
Established by Pope Paul VI on February 5, 1965, by the apostolic constitution Quandoquidem Sacrorum Cardinalium.

Alfredo Pacini, pro illa vice title (1967)
Sebastiano Baggio (1969-1973)
Vacant (1973-2001)
Agostino Cacciavillan (2001-2011); pro hac vice title (2011-

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Annunciazione della Beata Vergine Maria in Via Ardeatina
Established by Pope Paul VI on February 5, 1965, by the apostolic constitution Sanctissimis templis.

Mario Francesco Pompedda (2001-2006)
Vacant (2006-2012)
Domenico Calcagno (2012-

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S. Anselmo all'Aventino
This deaconry was established in 1985 by Pope John Paul II.

Paul Augustine Mayer, O.S.B. (1985-1996); pro illa vice title (1996-2010)
Fortunato Baldelli (2010-2012)
Lorenzo Baldisseri (2014-

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S. Antonio di Padova a Circonvallazione Appia
This deaconry was established in 2012 by Pope Benedict XVI.

Julien Ries (2012-2013)

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S. Apollinare alle Terme Nenroniane-Alessandrine
This deaconry was established on May 26, 1929 by the apostolic constitution Recenti conventione of Pope Pius XI (1922-1939) when, according to Article 15 of the Concordat between the Holy See and Italy, the deaconry of S. Maria ad Martyres was suppressed. It had existed as a title from 1517 to 1587.

Vacant (1929-1935)
Domenico Jorio (1935-1946); pro illa vice title (1946-1954)
Domenico Tardini (1958-1961)
Anselmo Maria Albareda, O.S.B. (1962-1966)
Pericle Felici (1967-1979); pro illa vice title (1979-1982)
Aurelio Sabattani (1983-1993); pro illa vice title (1993-2003)
Jean-Louis Tauran (2003-

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S. Benedetto fuori Porta S. Paolo
This deaconry was established in 1988 by Pope John Paul II.

Achille Silvestrini (1988-1999); pro hac vice title (1999-

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Ss. Biagio e Carlo ai Catinari
This deaconry was established by Pope John XXIII on December 2, 1959, by the apostolic constitution Quos nationum. A title named S. Biagio dell'Anello had been established by Pope Sixtus V (1585-1590) on April 13, 1587, by the apostolic constitution Religiosa. It was suppressed on October 17, 1616 by Pope Paul V (1605-1621) and transferred to the new church of S. Carlo ai Catinari. This new title was suppressed eleven years later, on October 6, 1627, by Pope Urban VIII (1623-1644) and transferred to the church of S. Carlo al Corso, also known as Ss. Ambrogio e Carlo al Corso. On June 7, 1967, Pope Paul VI established the title of Ss. Ambrogio e Carlo.

Arcadio María Larraona, C.M.F. (1959-1969)
Luigi Raimondi (1973-1975)
Giuseppe Maria Sensi (1976-1987)
Angelo Felici (1988-1999); pro illa vice title (1999-2007)
Leonardo Sandri (2007-

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S. Bonifacio
According to Liber Pontificalis, this deaconry received donations from Pope Leo III (795-816). At the end of the 10th Century, it was known as S. Alessio. Its church was built toward the end of the 6th Century or the beginning of the 7th. It was situated in the XIII Roman Region (Augustea). It was suppressed before the beginning of the 12th Century and, together with the deaconry of Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo, which had become a title, replaced by the deaconries of S. Nicola in Carcere and S. Maria in Portico. Pope Sixtus V (1585-1590) established the title of S. Alessio on April 13, 1587, by the apostolic constitution Religiosa. It is currently known as Ss. Bonifacio ed Alessio.

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S. Cesareo in Palatio
This deaconry was established as a title on July 6, 1517 by Pope Leo X (1513-1521) just after he greatly expanded the membership of the Sacred College of Cardinals in the consistory of July 1, 1517. Pope Sixtus V (1585-1590) suppressed it in 1587 and Pope Clement VIII (1592-1605) reestablished it as a deaconry in 1600.

Silvestro Aldobrandini, O.S.Io.Hieros. (1603-1612)
Vacant (1612-1616)
Carlo Gaudenzio Madruzzo, pro illa vice title (1616-1626)
Giangiacomo Teodoro Trivulzio (1629-1644)
Carlo Rossetti (1644-1653)
Carlo Barberini (1653-1660)
Friedrich von Hessen-Darmstadt, O.S.Io.Hieros. (1661-1667)
Carlo Barberini (1667-1675)
Girolamo Casanate (1675-1682)
Benedetto Pamphilj, O.S.Io.Hieros. (1685-1686)
Gianfrancesco Negroni (1686-1696)
Giambattista Spinola, iuniore (1696-1706); pro illa vice title (1706-1719)
Thomas Philippe Wallrad d'Hénin-Liétard d'Alsace-Boussu de Chimay (1721-1733)
Giovanni Battista Spinola (1733-1743)
Vacant (1743-1747)
Gian Francesco Albani (1747-1759)
Giovanni Costanzio Caracciolo (1759-1770)
Vacant (1770-1775)
Bernardino de' Vecchi (1775)
Giovanni Cornaro (1778-1789)
Filippo Campanelli (1791-1795)
Vacant (1795-1804)
Giuseppe Albani (1804-1818)
Vacant (1818-1827)
Tommaso Bernetti (1827-1844)
Giuseppe Bofondi (1847-1867)
Vacant (1867-1884)
Ignazio Masotti (1884-1888)
Achille Apolloni (1889-1893)
Giuseppe Prisco (1896-1898)
Vacant (1898-1911)
Willem Marinus van Rossum, C.SS.R. (1911-1915)
Vacant (1915-1922)
Franz Ehrle, S.J. (1922-1934)
Domenico Mariani (1935-1939)
Vacant (1939-1958)
Francesco Bracci (1958-1967)
Karol Wojtyla, pro illa vice title (1967-1978)
Vacant (1978-1985)
Andrzej Maria Deskur (1985-1996); pro hac vice title (1996-2011)
Antonio Maria Vegliò (2012-

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Ss. Cosma e Damiano
This church replaced the old pagan edifices Archivim Templum SacræUrbis and Constantini (Romuli), and was in the IV region of Rome. It was founded by Pope Felix IV in 527. Pope Gregory I designated it in 600 as a diaconal church. It was restored under Pope Sergius I in 700, according to Liber Pontificalis. Pope Adrian I definitively established it as a diaconate in 780, but no cardinal is known as its occupant until 1073. It is still in existence today.

Arduino (ca. 1073-ca. 1099) (1)
Gionata, seniore (1099-ca. 1106)
Pietro Pierleoni, O.S.B., Clun. (1106-1120)
Gionata, iuniore (1120-1130?)
Guido da Vico (1130-1150)
Matteo (1131-1136), pseudocardinal of AntipopeAnacletus II
Pandolfo (1136-1138), pseudocardinal of AntipopeAnacletus II
Rolando Bandinelli, Can. Reg. Lateranense (1150-1151) (2)
Bernard (1151-1153)
Boso Breakspeare, O.S.B. (1155-1165) (3)
Bonifazio (1165-ca. 1170)
Riso (1170-1176)
Gandolfo, O.S.B. (1176-1178)
Graziano (1178-1203) (4)
Giovanni (1205-1216)
Gil Torres (1216-1254)
Giordano Pironti (1262-1269)
Benedetto Caetani, iuniore (1295-1296)
Luca de' Fieschi, administrator (1300-1305)
Guillaume Arrufat des Forges (1305-1306)
Luca de' Fieschi, (1306-1336) (5)
Vacant (1336-1402) ?
Leonardo Cibo (1402-1404)
Jean Gilles (1405-1408)
Pietro Stefaneschi (1409-1410)
Francesco Zabarella (1411-1417), pseudocardinal of AntipopeJohn XXIII
Ardicino della Porta, seniore (1426-1434)
Vacant (1434-1476)
Pierre de Foix, le jeune (1476-1485)
Alessandro Farnese, seniore (1493-1503); in commendam (1503-1513)
Innocenzo Cibo (1513-1517)
Giovanni Salviati (1517-1543)
Giacomo Savelli (1543-1552)
Niccolò Caetani, in commendam (1552-1554)
Girolamo Simoncelli (1554-1588)
Federico Borromeo, seniore (1589)
Guido Pepoli (1590-1592)
Flaminio Piatti (1592-1593)
Agostino Spínola (1623-1631)
Alessandro Cesarini (1632-1637)
Vacant (1637-1645)
Benedetto Odescalchi (1645-1659)
Odoardo Vecchiarelli (1660-1667)
Leopoldo de' Medici (1668-1670)
Niccolò Acciaioli (1670-1689)
Fulvio Astalli (1689-1710)
Vacant (1710-1720)
Bartolomeo Ruspoli (1730-1741)
Mario Bolognetti (1743-1747)
Carlo Vittorio Amedeo delle Lanze (1747)
Vacant (1747-1753)
Luigi Maria Torregiani (1753-1754)
Girolamo Colonna di Sciarra (1756-1760)
Cornelio Caprara (1762-1765)
Benedetto Veterani (1766-1776)
Vacant (1776-1785)
Antonio Maria Doria Pamphili (1785-1789)
Lodovico Flangini (1789-1794)
Vacant (1794-1816)
Giovanni Caccia-Piatti (1816-1833)
Vacant (1833-1858)
Pietro de Silvestri (1858-1861)
Vacant (1861-1879)
Tommaso Maria Zigliara, O.P. (1879-1891)
Raffaele Pierotti, O.P. (1896-1905)
Vacant (1905-1911)
Ottavio Cagiano de Azevedo (1911-1915)
Andreas Frühwirth, O.P., pro illa vice title (1915-1927)
Vacant (1927-1935)
Vincenzo La Puma (1935-1943)
Vacant (1943-1953)
Crisanto Luque Sánchez, pro illa vice title (1953-1959)
Francesco Morano (1959-1968)
Johannes Willebrands (1969-1975)
Eduardo Francisco Pironio (1976-1987); pro illa vice title (1987-1995)
Giovanni Cheli (1998-2008); pro illa vice title (2008-2013)
Beniamino Stella (2014-

(1) Annuaire Pontifical Catholique indicates that Cristofori lists a Cardinal Gionata (or Jonathan), seniore, as occupant of this deaconry from 1008 to 1006? (sic) but his dates are certainly wrong since many authors such as Chacón, Moroni, Mas-Latrie, etc., place this cardinal at the end of the XI Century, ca. 1099, close enough, consequently, to Gionata, iuniore (1120) to justify his nickname.
(2) Annuaire Pontifical Catholique indicates that Cristofori erroneously lists his dates as 1145 to 1146 and a Cardinal Rolando, O.S.B., as occupant of this deaconry from 1150 to 1154, which is also mistaken.
(3) Cristofori lists Cardinal Bonifacio as occupant of this title in 1159 but his existence has not been ascertained.
(4) He may be the same as Gandolfo, O.S.B. (1186).
(5) This is the sequence of occupants according to Cristofori, Cardinals Leonardo Cibo (1402-1404); Jean Gilles (1405-1407); Pierre de Foix, le vieux, O.F.M. (1408-1417); Francesco Zabarella (1411-1417); Ardicino della Porta (1426-1434); Alain de Coëtivy, in commendam (1455-1474); Pedro de Ferris, in commendam (1476-1477); Pierre de Foix, le jeune, (1477-1490); Alessandro Farnese (1493-1503), in commendam (1503-1513).

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Sacro Cuore di Cristo Re
Established by Pope Paul VI on February 5, 1965, by the apostolic constitution Sacrum Cardinalium Collegium.

Dino Staffa, pro illa vice title (1967-1976)
Bernardin Gantin (1977-1984); pro illa vice title (1984-1986)
Jacques Martin (1988-1992)
Carlo Furno (1994-2005); pro illa vice title (2005-2006)
Stanisław Ryłko (2007-

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Sacro Cuore di Gesù a Castro Pretorio
Established by Pope Paul VI on February 5, 1965, by the apostolic constitution Almae Urbis templa.

Maximilien de Furstenberg, pro illa vice title (1967-1988)
Giovanni Saldarini, pro hac vice title (1991-2011)
Giuseppe Versaldi (2012-

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Dio Padre misericordioso
This deaconry was established in 2001 by Pope John Paul II.

Crescenzio Sepe (2001-2006); pro hac vice title (2006-

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S. Domenico di Guzman
This deaconry was established in 2012 by Pope Benedict XVI.

Manuel Monteiro de Castro (2012-

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Ss. Domenico e Sisto
This deaconry was established in 2003 by Pope John Paul II.

Georges Marie Martin Cottier, O.P. (2003-

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S. Elena fuori Porta Prenestina
This deaconry was established in 1985 by Pope John Paul II.

Édouard Gagnon, P.S.S. (1985-1996)
Peter Poreku Dery (2006-2008)
João Braz de Aviz (2012-

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S. Eugenio
Established by Pope John XXIII on March 12, 1960, by the apostolic constitution Sacra maiorum.

Antonio Bacci (1960-1971)
Umberto Mozzoni (1973-1983); pro illa vice title (1983)
Paul Poupard (1985-1996)
Francesco Colasuonno (1998-2003)
Julián Herranz Casado (2003-

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S. Eustachio
This deaconry was erected by Pope St. Gregory I ca. 600 in the ancient Terme Neroniane-Alessandrine, in the IX Region of Rome. According to Liber Pontificalis, Pope Gregory II (715-731) donated funds from the patrimony Labicano and Tiburtino to this deaconry.

Gregorio (1088-1099)
Gregorio, O.S.B. (1099-1130)
Gaymer (1130-before 1134)
Stefano (ca. 1134-?)
Vassalo (1134-1142)
Astaldo degli Astalli (1143-1151)
Ildebrando Grassi, Can. Reg. of S. Maria di Reno (1152-1157)
Guido di Crema (1155 or 1157-1158)
Pietro di Miso (1158-1165?)
Ugo Ricasoli (1163-ca. 1182) (1)
Stefano (?-?), pseudocardinal of Antipope Callisto III
Giovanni Felici (1188-1189)
Ugolino dei Conti di Segni (1198-1206)
Aldobrandino Caetani (1216-1219) (2)
Rinaldo Conti di Segni (1227-1234)
Robert Somercotes (1239-1241) (3)
Ramón Nonnato, O. de M. (1240?) (4)
Guglielmo Fieschi (1244-1256) (5)
Uberto di Cocconato (1261-1276)
Giordano Orsini (1278-1287)
Pietro Colonna (1288-1297)
Riccardo Petroni (1298-1314) (6)
Arnaud de Via (1317-1335)
Giovanni Visconti (1329), pseudocardinal of Antipope Nicholas V
Bernard de la Tour (1342-1361)
Pierre Flandrin (1371-1381), later a pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement VII
Francesco Renzio (1381-1390)
Baldassare Cossa (1402-1410), later a pseudocardinal of Antipope Alexander V
Alfonso Carrillo de Albornoz (1408-1418), pseudocardinal of Antipope Benedict XIII; (1419-1423)
Giacomo Isolani (1413-1417), pseudocardinal of Antipope John XXIII; (1417-1420?)
Vacant (1423-1439)
Alberto Alberti (1439-1445)
Alfonso Carrillo de Acuña, el joven (1440), pseudocardinal of Antipope Felix V, declined
Jaime de Portugal (1456-1459)
Francesco Todeschini-Piccolomini (1460-1503)
Alessandro Farnese, seniore (1503-1519); in commendam (1519-1534)
Paolo Emilio Cesi (1534-1537)
Agostino Trivulzio (1537)
Cristoforo Giacobazzi, pro illa vice title (1537-1540)
Guido Ascanio Sforza di Santa Fiora (1540-1552)
Niccolò Caetani (1552-1585)
Ferdinando de' Medici (1585-1587)
Filippo Guastavillani (1587)
Alessandro Damasceni Peretti (1587-1589)
Giorlamo Mattei (1589-1592)
Guido Pepoli (1592-1595)
Odoardo Farnese (1595-1617)
Andrea Baroni Peretti Montalto (1617-1621)
Alessandro d'Este (1621)
Maurizio di Savoia (1621-1626)
Francesco Boncompagni (1626-1634)
Ippolito Aldobrandini (1634-1637)
Alessandro Cesarini (1638-1644)
Marzio Ginetti (1644)
Carlo de' Medici (1644)
Girolamo Colonna (1644-1652)
Giangiacomo Teodoro Trivulzio (1652-1653)
Virginio Orsini (1653-1656)
Vincenzo Costaguti (1656-1660)
Lorenzo Raggi (1660-1664)
Carlo Pio, iuniore (1664-1667)
Friedrich von Hessen-Darmstadt, O.S.Io.Hieros. (1667-1668)
Decio Azzolino, iuniore (1668-1681)
Felice Rospigliosi (1682-1685)
Domenico Maria Corsi (1686-1696)
Vincenzo Grimani (1698-1710)
Annibale Albani (1712-1716)
Curzio de Origo (1716-1726); pro illa vice title (1726-1737)
Neri Maria Corsini (1737-1770)
Giovanni Costanzio Caracciolo (1770-1780)
Pasquale Acquaviva d'Aragona (1780-1788)
Vincenzo Maria Altieri (1788-1794)
Filippo Carandini (1794-1810)
Vacant (1820-1826)
Alessandro Lante (1816-1818)
Giuseppe Albani (1818-1828)
Vacant (1828-1832)
Ludovico Gazzoli (1832-1857)
Teodolfo Mertel (1858-1881)
Angelo Jacobini (1882-1886)
Luigi Trombetta (1899-1900)
Vacant (1900-1914)
Michele Lega (1914-1924); pro illa vice title (1924-1926)
Carlo Perosi (1926-1930)
Vacant (1930-1946)
Giuseppe Bruno (1946-1954)
Vacant (1954-1958)
Fernando Cento, pro illa vice title (1958-1965)
Francis James Brennan (1967-1968)
Giacomo Violardo (1969-1978)
Vacant (1978-1991)
Guido Del Mestri (1991-1993)
Vacant (1993-2001)
Sergio Sebastiani (2001-2011); pro hac vice title (2011-

(1) According to Annuaire Pontifical Catholique, Cristofori erroneously called him Ugo Pierleoni confusing him with the cardinal bishop of Piacenza (n. 6) created in 1164.
(2) Cristofori lists him as occupant of this deaconry between 1206 and 1221 and then Aldebrandino between 1221 and 1223.
(3) Cristofori lists him among the deacons of S. Adriano in 1231and lists Guido as occupant of this deaconry from 1237 to 1240.
(4) Hierarchia Catholica indicates that, at that time, the deaconry was occupied by Cardinal Robert Somercote.
(5) Cristofori lists Vitale? and Domenico? as occupants of this deaconry in 1253?
(6) Cristofori lists Cardinal Bernard Jarre (or Garve) as occupant of this deaconry from 1314 to 1316.

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©1998-2014 Salvador Miranda.