The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Deaconries
S. Filippo Neri in Eurosia --- S. Michele Arcangelo


S. Filippo Neri in Eurosia S. Francesco di Paola ai Monti S. Francesco Saverio alla Garbatella Gesù Buon Pastore alla Montagnola S. Giorgio in Velabro

S. Giovanni Battista Decollato S. Giovanni Bosco in Via Tuscolana S. Giovanni della Pigna S. Girolamo della Carità S. Giuliano dei Fiamminghi S. Giuliano Martire

S. Giuseppe dei Falegnami S. Giuseppe in Via Trionfale S. Ignazio di Loyola a Campo Marzio S. Lino S. Lorenzo in Piscibus S. Lucia del Gonfalone

S. Lucia in Orphea or in Silice S. Lucia in Septisolio or Septizonio S. Maria ad Martyres S. Maria Antiqua S. Maria Ausiliatrice in Via Tuscolana

S. Maria della Mercede e Sant'Adriano a Villa Albani S. Maria della Scala S. Maria delle Grazie alle Fornaci fuori Porta Cavallegeri S. Maria Goretti

S. Maria in Acyro S. Maria in Aquiro S. Maria in Ciro S. Maria in Cosmedin S. Maria in Domnica S. Maria in Portico Octaviae S. Maria in Portico Campitelli

S. Maria in Schola Græca S. Maria in Via Lata S. Maria Liberatrice a Monte Testaccio S. Maria Nuova S. Maria Odigitria dei Siciliani S. Michele Arcangelo

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S. Filippo Neri in Eurosia
Established by Pope Paul VI on June 7, 1967, by the apostolic constitution Ea sollicitudine affecti.

Alfred Bengsch, pro illa vice title (1967-1979)
Vacant (1979-2003)
Attilio Nicora (2003-

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S. Francesco di Paola ai Monti
Established by Pope Paul VI on June 7, 1967, by the apostolic constitution Decessores nostri.

Alexandre Charles Renard, pro illa vice title (1967-1976)
Joseph-Marie Trinh Nhu Khuê, pro illa vice title (1976-1979)
Pietro Pavan (1985-1994)
Vacant (1994-2003)
Renato Raffaele Martino (2003-

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S. Francesco Saverio alla Garbatella
This deaconry was established in 2001 by Pope John Paul II.

Leo Scheffczyk (2001-2005)
Franc Rodé, C.M. (2006-

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Gesù Buon Pastore alla Montagnola
This deaconry was established in 1985 by Pope John Paul II.

Jozef Tomko (1985-1996)
James Francis Stafford (1998-2008)
Velasio de Paolis, C.S. (2010-

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S. Giorgio in Velabro
This deaconry was erected ca. 590 by Pope St. Gregory I (590-604), in the ancient Forum Boarium, in the XI Region of Rome. The 7th Century basilica replaced an ancient oratory dating from the end of the 5th Century or the beginning of the 6th. It was in the XI Augustea Region (Augustea) or II Ecclesiastical Region of Velum aureum. According to Liber Pontificalis, Pope Zacharias (741-752) donated the head of St. George to this deaconry.

Ranierio (1026)
Licinio Savelli (ca. 1075-before 1088)
Raniero (1088-ca. 1099)
Bobone (ca. 1099-shortly after 1107)
Roscemanno Sanseverino, O.S.B.Cas. (ca. 1106-1128)
Rustico de' Rustici (1128-1130)
Odone Fattiboni (1130-1162)
Gerardo (1162), pseudocardinal of Antipope Victor IV
Manfredo, O.S.B. (1163-1173)
Marcello (1173-1174)
Raniero da Pavia (1174-1182)
Ridolfo Nigelli (1185-1188)
Gregorio Carelli (1190-1210) (1)
Bertrando (1212-1216)
Pietro Capuano, minor (1219-1242)
Pietro Capocci (1244-1259)
Goffredo da Aalatri (1261-1287)
Pietro Peregrosso (1288-1289)
Giacomo Caetani Stefaneschi (1295-1341) (2)
Jean de Caraman (1350-1361)
Guillaume Bragose (1361-1362)
Giacomo Orsini (1371-1379)
Pietro Tomacelli (1381-1385)
Pierre de Luxembourg (1384-1387), pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement VII
Galeotto Tarlati di Petramala (1388-1397/1400), pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement VII
Miguel de Zalba (1404-1406), pseudocardinal of Antipope Benedict XIII
Carlos Jordán de Urriés y Pérez Salanova (1408-1418), pseudocardinal of Antipope Benedict XIII; (1418-1420)
Oddone Colonna (1405-1417)
Vacant (1417-1430)
Prospero Colonna (1430-1463)
Vacant (1463-1477)
Raffaele Sansoni Galeotti Riario (1477-1480); in commendam (1480-1517)
Franciotto Orsini (1517-1519)
Vacant (1519-1528)
Girolamo Grimaldi (1528-1543)
Girolamo Recanati Capodiferro (1545-1559)
Giovanni Antonio Serbelloni (1560-1565)
Mark Sittich von Hohenems, pro illa vice title (1565-1577)
Giovanni Vincenzo Gonzaga, O.S.Io.Hier. (1578-1583)
Francesco Sforza (1584-1585)
Benedetto Giustiniani (1587)
Ottavio d'Acquaviva d'Aragona, seniore (1591-1593)
Cinzio Passeri Aldobrandini (1593-1605)
Orazio Maffei (1606-1607)
Vacant (1607-1611)
Giacomo Serra (1611-1615)
Vacant (1615-1624)
Pier Maria Borghese (1624-1626)
Vacant (1626-1643)
Giovanni Stefano Donghi (1643-1655)
Paolo Emilio Rondinini (1655-1656)
Giancarlo de' Medici (1656-1663)
Angelo Celsi (1664-1668)
Paolo Savelli (1669-1670)
Sigismondo Chigi (1670-1678)
Paolo Savelli , again, (1678-1683)
Fulvio Astalli (1686-1688)
Gasparo Cavalieri (1688-1689)
Giuseppe Renato Imperiali (1690-1726); pro illa vice title (1726-1732)
Agapito Mosca (1732-1743)
Prospero Colonna de Sciarra (1743-1756)
Nicolò Perelli (1759-1772)
Antonio Casali (1773-1777)
Romoaldo Guidi (1778-1780)
Vincenzo Maria Altieri (1781-1787)
Giovanni Rinuccini (1794-1801)
Vacant (1801-1823)
Tommaso Riario Sfroza (1823)
Vacant (1823-1838)
Giuseppe Ugolini (1838)
Vacant (1838-1856)
Francesco de' Medici di Ottaviano (1856-1857)
Vacant (1857-1866)
Antonio Matteucci (1866)
Vacant (1866-1874)
Tommaso Maria Martinelli, O.E.S.A. (1874-1875)
Vacant (1875-1879)
John Henry Newman, Orat. (1879-1890)
Vacant (1890-1914)
Francis Aidan Gasquet, O.S.B. (1914-1915)
Vacant (1915-1923)
Luigi Sincero (1923-1928); pro illa vice title (1928-1933)
Giovanni Mercati (1936-1957)
André Jullien, P.S.S. (1958-1965)
Benno Walter Gut, O.S.B. (1967-1970)
Sergio Pignedoli (1973-1980)
Vacant (1980-1985)
Alfons Maria Stickler, O.S.B. (1985-1996); pro hac vice title (1996-2007)
Gianfranco Ravasi (2010-

(1) Annuaire Pontifical Catholique indicates that Cristofori erroneously lists him as occupant of this deaconry from 1190? to 1191?. He was cardinal deacon of Ss. Sergio e Bacco from 1190 to 1198 when he was elected Pope Innocent III.
(2) Cristofori lists him as occupant of this deaconry from 1381 to 1389, followed by Galeotto Tarlati di Petramala in 1387 and a Cardinal Giovanni Stefanehi from 1384 to 1389. Hierarchia Catholica indicates that the latter should be eliminated from the list of occupants.

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S. Giovanni Battista Decollato
This deaconry was established in 1969 by Pope Paul VI (1963-1978).

Mario Nasalli Rocca di Corneliano (1969-1979); pro illa vice title (1979-1988)

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S. Giovanni Bosco in Via Tuscolana
Established by Pope Paul VI on February 5, 1965, by the apostolic constitution Romana haec Sedes
.

Federico Callori di Vignale (1965-1971)
Stepán Tróchta, S.D.B., pro illa vice title (1973-1974)
Boleslaw Filipiak (1976-1978)
Egano Righi-Lambertini (1979-1989)
Virgilio Noè (1991-2002)
Stephen Fumio Hamao (2003-2007)
Robert Sarah (2010-

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S. Giovanni della Pigna
This deaconry was established in 1985 by Pope John Paul II. In 1985 , it was entrusted to the Opera Romana Pellegrinaggi.

Francis Arinze (1985-1996); pro illa vice title (1996-2005)
Raffaele Farina, S.D.B. (2007-

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S. Girolamo della Carità
Established by Pope Paul VI on February 5, 1965, by the apostolic constitution Cum antiquissimi tituli.

Giulio Bevilacqua, Orat. (1965)
Antonio Riberi, pro illa vice title (1967)
Paolo Bertoli (1969-1973)
Pietro Palazzini (1974-1983); pro illa vice title (1983-2000)
Jorge María Mejía (2001-2011); pro hac vice title (2011-

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S. Giuseppe dei Falegnami
This deaconry was established in 2012 by Pope Benedict XVI. It is a subsidiary churh (quasi-parish) of the title of S. Marco

Francesco Coccopalmerio (2012-

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S. Giuliano dei Fiamminghi
This deaconry was established in 1994 by Pope John Paul II. It is a subsidiary church (quasi-parish) of the title of Ss. Biagio e Carlo ai Catinari.

Jan Pieter Schotte, C.I.C.M. (1994-2005)
Walter Brandmüller (2010-

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S. Giuliano Martire
This deaconry was established in 2012 by Pope Benedict XVI.

Karl Josef Becker

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S. Giuseppe in Via Trionfale
Established by Pope Paul VI on June 7, 1967, by the apostolic constitution Pulcherrima templa.

Egidio Vagnozzi (1967-1973); pro illa vice title (1973-1980)
Giuseppe Casoria (1983-1993); pro illa vice title (1993-2001)
Severino Poletto, pro hac vice title (2001-

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S. Ignazio di Loyola a Campo Marzio
This deaconry was established in 1991 by Pope John Paul II.

Paolo Dezza, S.J. (1991-1999)
Roberto Tucci, S.J. (2001-2011); pro hac vice title (2011-

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S. Lino
This deaconry was established in 2007 by Pope Benedict XVI.

Giovanni Coppa (2007-

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S. Lorenzo in Piscibus
This deaconry was established in 2007 by Pope Benedict XVI.

Paul Josef Cordes (2007-

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S. Lucia del Gonfalone
This deaconry was established in 2003 by Pope John Paul II.

Francesco Marchisano (2003-

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S. Lucia in Orphea (Orthea, Orfea) or in Silice
The deaconry of S. Lucia in Silice (or in Orpha) is one of the seven original ones. It was confirmed by Pope St. Sylvester I ca. 314. The church was built ca. 630 by Pope Honorius I (625-638) in the vicinity of the monumental fountain lacus orphei. It was assigned to one of the seven deacons by Pope S. Agatho ca. 678. According to Liber Pontificalis, this deaconry received donations from Pope Leo III (795-816). It was situated in the III Roman Region, "Monti". After the 10th Century it was known as S. Lucia in Silice. The deaconry was suppressed in 1587 by Pope Sixtus V (1585-1590).

Gregorio deaconry of S. Lucia (in Silice or in Septisolio) (1026)
Stefano (1099-ca. 1123)
Stefano (1125-1130; and 1132-1137/1143)
Ugo (1143-1150)
Vacant (1150-1193) (?)
Cencio (1193-1200)
Raniero, Can. Reg. of S. Maria of Bologna (1213-1217/1221) (1)
Vacant (1221-1295) (?)
Francesco Napoleone Orsini (1295-1312)
Gaillard de la Mothe (1316-1356)
Vacant (1356-1473) (?)
Philibert Hugonet, pro illa vice title (1473-1477)
Georg Hesler, pro illa vice title (1477-1482)
Hélie de Bourdeilles, O.F.M.Obs., pro illa vice title (1483-1484)
Ippolito d'Este (1493-1520)
Vacant (1520-1540)
Giacomo Savelli (1540-1543)
Ranuccio Farnese, O.S.Io.Hieros. (1546)
Vacant (1546-1551)
Alessandro Campegio, pro illa vice title (1551-1554)
Johann Gropper (1556-1559)
Innico d'Avalos d'Aragona, O.S. Iacobis (1561-1563)
Luigi d'Este (1563-1577)
Vacant (1577-1587)
Deaconry suppressed in 1587

(1) Cristofori lists Cardinal Raniero da Orvieto, Can.Reg., as occupant of this deaconry from 1213 to 1221. Hierarchia Catholica indicates that since there are no papal bulls signed by him, his promotion is doubtful.

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S. Lucia in Septisolio or Septizonio
According the Annuaire Pontifical Catholique the deaconry of S. Lucia in Septisolio, or in septem soliis, or in septem viis, was one of the 7 original ones. Liber Pontificalis indicates that this deaconry received donations from Pope Leo III (795-816). The church was built between the caput circus (circo Massimo) and the Septizonio, in the X Roman Region next to the Monastery of S. Gregorio al Clivo Scauro, at the foot of the Palatin in the angle of the Appian Way. Pope Sixtus V (1585-1590) suppressed it in 1587. Baronius, in his Annales, regrets the destruction of such a famous monument of Ancient Rome.

Gregorio (deaconry of S. Lucia (in Silice or in Septisolio) (1026)
Gregorio, O.S.B. (1088-ca. 1099)
Gregorio Gaetani (1099-before1116/1130)
Giovanni (ca. 1115-ca. 1120)
Gerardo (1120-1122)
Gregorio (1122-ca. 1130)
Silvano (1130-ca. 1142) (1)
Rodolfo (1143-1159)
Romano (1159-?)
Leone Brancaleone, Can. Reg. di S. Frediano of Lucca (1200-1202)
Paio Galvaõ, O.S.B. (1205-1210) (2)
Vacant (1210-1384) (?)
Angelo d'Anna de Sommariva, O.Camald. (1384-1396)
Vacant (1396-1468) (?)
Giovanni Michiel (1468-1470)
Vacant (1470-1493) (?)
Fryderyk Jagiellończyk (1493-1503)
Niccolò Fieschi (1503-1506)
René de Prie (1507-1509)
Vacant (1509-1525)
Afonso de Portugal (1525-1535) (3)
Vacant (1535-1557)
Giovanni Battista Consiglieri (1557-1558)
Vacant (1558-1565)
Francesco Alciati (1565)
Francesco Crasso, pro illa vice title (1566)
Vacant (1566-1587)
Deaconry suppressed in 1587

(1) Annuaire Pontifical Catholique indicates that he could be Pseudocardinal Silvio (or Silvino, or Silvano) who signed the bulls of Antipope Anacletus II from 1130 to 1137.
(2) Cristofori lists Raniero da Orvieto, Can.Reg., as occupant of this deaconry from 1213 to 1221. Hierarchia Catholica indicates that he should not be included because he did not subscribe any documents during that period.
(3) Cristofori indicates that Cardinal Afonso de Portugal occupied the deaconry from 1517 to 1540, and that he was followed by Cardinals Iacopo Savelli (1540-1543), Alessandro Campeggi (1551-1554), Giovanni Battista Consiglieri (Ghislieri) (1557-1558), Francesco Alciato (1565), and Carlo de Grassi (1570).

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S. Maria ad Martyres
In the secret consistory celebrated on July 23, 1725, Pope Benedict XIII (1724-1730) established this new deaconry also known as S. Maria Rotonda because of the circular shape of the building, the Pantheon. On May 26, 1929, by the apostolic constitution Recenti conventione, Pope Pius XI (1922-1939) transferred it to the church of S. Apollinare as stipulated in Article 15 of the Concordat between the Holy See and Italy.

Niccolò del Giudice (1725-1743)
Alessandro Albani, O.S.Io.Hieros. (1743-1747)
Carlo Maria Sacripante (1747-1751)
Mario Bolognetti (1751-1756)
Prospero Colonna de Sciarra (1756-1763)
Domencio Orsini d'Aragona (1763-1777)
Antonio Casali (1777-1787)
Ignazio Boncompagni-Ludovisi (1787-1789)
Antonio Maria Doria Pamphili (1789-1800)
Romualdo Braschi Onesti (1800-1817)
Ercole Consalvi (1817-1824)
Stanislao Sanseverino (1825-1826)
Agostino Rivarola (1826-1842)
Adriano Fieschi (1843-1853)
Vincenzo Santucci (1854-1861)
Roberto Giovanni F. Roberti (1863-1867)
Gaspare Grassellini (1867-1875)
Enea Sbarretti (1877-1884)
Carmelo Gori-Merosi (1884-1886)
Luigi Pallotti (1887-1890)
Vacant (1890-1901)
Felice Cavagnis (1901-1906)
Vacant (1906-1929)
Deaconry suppressed in 1929

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S. Maria Antiqua
This deaconry was probably established ca. 600 by Pope St. Gregory I the Great (590-604). Teodoto, primicerio defensorum and dispensatore of this deaconry, decorated the chapel of Ss. Quirico e Giulita. Pope Zacharias (741-752) appears in the painting with a square halo symbolizing that he was still alive. The church was built between the 5th and the 6th Centuries and occupied the atrium Minervae where the farewell diplomas of the Roman legionnaires were preserved. It was restored several times. The deaconry was located in the X Roman Region (Augustea). Pope Leo IV (847-855) transferred the deaconry to the church of S. Maria Nuova (later S. Francesca Romana) built by him near Via Sacra, because its physical condition had made the old church dangerous. In the consistory of January 14, 1664, Pope Alexander VII (1655-1667) transferred the cardinalitial deaconry to S. Maria della Scala.

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S. Maria Ausiliatrice in Via Tuscolana
Established by Pope Paul VI on June 7, 1967, by the apostolic constitution Ad guberncula christianae.

Francesco Carpino, pro illa vice title (1967-1978)
Giuseppe Caprio (1979-1990)
Pio Laghi (1991-2002)
Tarcisio Bertone, S.D.B., pro hac vice title (2003-2008)
Paolo Sardi (2010-

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S. Maria della Mercede e Sant'Adriano a Villa Albani
Established by Pope Paul VI on June 7, 1967, by the apostolic constitution Hac nostra aetate.

John Joseph Krol, pro illa vice title (1967-1996)
Vacant (1996-2006)
Albert Vanhoye, S.J. (2006-

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S. Maria della Scala
This deaconry was established by Pope Alexander VII (1655-1667) in the consistory of January 14, 1664, when he transferred it from the deaconry of S. Maria Nuova.

Paolo Savelli (1664-1669)
Buonaccorso Buonnacorsi (1670-1678)
Gianfrancesco Ginetti (1681-1682)
Vacant (1682-1686)
Johannes Walter Sluse (1686-1687)
Rinaldo d'Este (1688-1695)
Domenico Tarugi (1696)
Vacant (1696-1706)
Carlo Colonna (1706-1715)
Vacant (1715-1724)
Alessandro Falconieri (1724-1734)
Luis Antonio Jaime de Borbón y Farnesio (1735-1754)
Vacant (1754-1766)
Saverio Canali (1766-1773)
Vacant (1773-1777)
Gregorio Salviati (1777-1780)
Filippo Campanelli (1789-1790)
Vacant (1790-1800)
Luis María de Borbón y Vallábriga, pro illa vice title (1800-1823)
Vacant (1823-1843)
Paolo Mangelli Orsini (1843-1844)
Vacant (1844-853)
Prospero Caterini (1853-1876); in commendam (1876-1881)
Pietro Lasagni (1882-1885)
Augusto Theodoli (1886-1892)
Girolamo Maria Gotti, O.C.D. (1895-1916)
Vacant (1916-1921)
Camillo Laurenti (1921-1935); pro illa vice title (1935-1938)
Vacant (1938-1946)
Jose María Caro Rodríguez, pro illa vice title (1946-1958)
Julius Döpfner, pro illa vice title (1958-1976)
Vacant (1976-1994)
Carlos Oviedo Cavada, O. de M., pro illa vice title (1994-1998)
François Xavier Nguyên van Thuân (2001-2002)
Stanisław Nagy, S.C.I. (2003-2013)

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S. Maria delle Grazie alle Fornaci fuori Porta Cavallegeri
This deaconry was established in 1985 by Pope John Paul II.

Duraisamy Simon Lourdusamy (1985-1996); pro hac vice title (1996-

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S. Maria Goretti
This deaconry was established in 2012 by Pope Benedict XVI.

Prosper Grech, O.S.A. (2012-

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S. Maria in Acyro
See S. Maria in Aquiro

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S. Maria in Aquiro
This deaconry was assigned to deacons by Pope St. Agatho ca. 678. According to Liber Pontificalis, Pope Gregory II (715-731) changed into a basilica the small oratory of this deaconry and adorned it with paintings. The basilica was founded in the building of the temple of Matidia, in the IX Roman Region (Augustea). The deaconry was also known as S. Maria Acyro, or in Ciro. According to Cristofori, it was suppressed in 1540 by Pope Paul III (1534-1549) and restablished in 1565 by Pope Pius IV (1559-1565) but Eubel says that, according to Silvio Imperi in Della chiesa di S. Maria in Aquiro in Roma, Roma : B. Morini, 1866, this is erroneous.

Cosma (1088-1125)
Cosma (1125-1126)
Rodolfo degli Ermanni della Staffa (1125-ca. 1126)
Vassalo (1130-1134)
Gregorio Otone (1130-1036), pseudocardinal of Antipope Anacletus II
Yves, Can. Reg. of Saint-Victor of Paris (ca. 1135-1138)
Pietro (1140-ca. 1145)
Cenzio (1150-1152/1159)
Guido (ca. 1155-1158)
Guido (1159-1161)
Milo (1160)
Giovanni (1160-ca. 1161), pseudocardinal of Antipope Victor IV
Gerardo (1161-1173), pseudocardinal of Antipopes Victor IV, Paschal III and Callistus III
Pietro Gaetani (1164-1165) (1)
Pietro de Bono, Can. Reg. of Santa Maria of Reno (1165-1173)
Gregorio Crescenzi (1188-1200)
Pierre Duacensis (1212-1216) (2)
Niccolò; (1216-1227)
Vacant (1227-1316) (?)
Bertrand de Montfavez (1316-1342)
Vacant (1342-1361) (?)
Étienne Aubert, iuniore (1361-1368)
Vacant (1368-1383) (?)
Pierre de Fetigny (1383-1392), pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement VII
Jofré de Boil (1397-1400), pseudocardinal of Antipope Benedict XIII
Vacant (1400-1480) (?)
Giovanni Colonna (1480-1508)
Luigi d'Aragona, in commendam (1508-1517)
Guillaume III de Croy (1517-1521)
Vacant (1521-1535)
Gasparo Contarini (1535)
Marino Ascanio Caracciolo (1535-1538)
Ippolito d'Este (1539-1564); in commendam (1564)
Benedetto Lomellini (1565)
Zaccaria Delfino (1565-1578)
Anton Maria Salviati (1584-1587)
Vacant (1587-1596)
Pompeo Arrigoni (1596-1597)
Vacant (1597-1624)
Lorenzo Magalotti (1624); pro illa vice title (1624-1628)
Antonio Barberini, iuniore (1628-1632)
Jan Olbracht Waza, S.J. (1632-1634)
Paolo Emilio Rondinini (1643-1655)
Friedrich von Hessen-Darmstadt, O.S.Io.Hieros. (1655-1656)
Giacomo Franzoni (1660-1669)
Lazzaro Pallavicino (1670-1677)
Vacant (1677-1682)
Michelangelo Ricci (1682)
Vacant (1682-1686)
Gaspare de Cavalieri (1686-1688)
Gianfrancesco Albani (1690)
Lorenzo Altieri (1690-1707)
Vacant (1707-1716)
Carlo Maria Marini (1716-1738)
Carlo Maria Sacripante (1739-1741)
Alessandro Tanara (1743-1754)
Marcantonio Colonna, iuniore (1759-1762)
Andrea Negroni (1763-1765)
Vacant (1765-1775)
Pasquale Acquaviva d'Aragona (1775-1779)
Vacant (1779-1785)
Ferdinando Spinelli (1785-1789)
Vacant (1789-1818)
Francesco Guidobono Cavalchini (1818-1828)
Vacant (1828-1832)
Mario Mattei (1832-1842)
Vacant (1842-1853)
Domenico Savelli (1853-1864)
Vacant (1864-1868)
Annibale Capalti (1868-1877)
Antonio Pellegrini (1877-1887)
Luigi Macchi (1889-1896)
Vacant (1896-1901)
Francesco Salesio Della Volpe (1901-1916)
Louis-Ernest Dubois, pro illa vice title (1916-1929)
Federico Cattani Amadori (1935-1943)
Pierre Petit de Julleville, pro illa vice title (1946-1947)
Vacant (1947-1953)
Carlos María de la Torre, pro illa vice title (1953-1968)
Mario Casariego y Acevedo, C.R.S., pro illa vice title (1969-1983)
Antonio Innocenti (1985-1996); pro hac vice title (1996-2008)
Angelo Amato, S.D.B. (2010-

(1) Cristofori confuses him with his successors and indicates that he occupied the deaconry until 1073.
(2) Cristofori lists a Niccolò as occupant of this deaconry in 1216, followed by Giovanni Colonna, as commendatario from 1278 to 1316.

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S. Maria in Ciro
See S. Maria in Aquiro

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S. Maria in Cosmedin
The church was erected ca. 600 by Pope St. Gregory I in the ancient temple of the Fortune (Templum Fortunae) in the X Region of Rome. It was also called in S. Maria in Schola Græca and S. Maria in Cosmidi. Pope Stephen II (III) (752-757) established this deaconry. According to an original inscription, Duke Eustazio, who was its primicerio, donated funds to the deaconry. At the beginning, in the 6th Century, it was a small church built in the loggia dei mercanti. Later, it was transformed into a real basilica by Pope Adrian I (772-795). It was suppressed in 1432 by Pope Eugenius IV, who donated the church to the Benedictines of Monte Cassino to avoid the conflicts of jurisdiction between the cardinal deacon and the monks. Pope Leo X reestablished it in 1513.

Leone, O.S.B. (?) (1062-1088)
Giovanni da Gaeta, O.S.B.Cas. (1088-1118) (1)
Pietro Ruffo (1118-1120)
Étienne de Bar, O.S.B.Cas. (1120-1134 or 1142)
Giacinto Boboni (1144-1191) (2)
Jacopo (1178-1179) (?)
Niccolò Boboni (1191-1200/1201) (3)
Giovanni dei Conti di Segni (1200-1213)
Rainiero Capocci, O.Cist. (1216-1250)
Giacomo Savelli (1261-1285)
Francesco Caetani (1295-1317)
Raymond Le Roux (1320-1325)
Vacant (1325-1342) (?)
Guillaume de la Jugié (1342-1368)
Vacant (1368-1375) (?)
Pedro Martínez de Luna y Pérez de Gotor (1375-1394) (4)
Gugilemo di Capua (ca. 1383-1384) (5)
Pietro Morosini, iuniore (1408-1417)
Lucido Conti (1411-1417), pseudocardinal of Antipope John XXIII; (1417-1437) (6)
Vacant (1437-1493) (?)
Raymond Pérault, O.S.A. (1493-1496)
Luigi d'Aragona (1497-1519)
Franciotto Orsini (after 1519-1534)
Niccolò Ridolfi (1534-1540)
Guido Ascanio Sforzadi Santa Fiora (1540)
Reginald Pole (1540-1555); pro illa vice title (1555-1558)
Giacomo Savelli (1558-1573)
Antonio Carafa (1573-1577)
Filippo Guastavillani (1577-1583)
Giovanni Vincenzo Gonzaga, O.S.Io.Hier. (1583-1585); pro illa vice title (1585-1587)
Alessandro Damasceni Peretti (1587)
Girolamo Mattei (1587-1589)
Benedetto Giustiniani (1589-1591)
Ascanio Colonna (1591-1599)
Giovanni Battista Deti (1599-1614)
Alessandro Orsini (1616-1626)
Pietro Maria Borghese (1626-1633)
Lelio Biscia (1633-1637)
Alessandro Cesarini (1637-1638)
Girolamo Colonna (1639-1644)
Virginio Orsini (1644-1653)
Vincenzo Costaguti (1653-1656)
Paolo Emilio Rondinini (1656-1668)
Carlo Gualterio (1668-1669)
Giacomo Franzoni (1669-1670)
Leopoldo de' Medici (1670-1675)
Carlo Berberini (1675-1683)
Paolo Savelli (1683-1685)
Felice Rospigliosi (1685-1686)
Benedetto Pamphilj, O.S.Io.Hieros. (1686-1688)
Fulvio Astalli (1688-1689)
Carlo Bichi (1690-1693)
Vacant (1693-1706)
Nicola Grimaldi (1706-1716)
Annibale Albani (1716-1722)
Alessandro Albani, O.S.Io.Hieros. (1722-1741); in commendam (1741-1779)
Pasquale Acquaviva d'Aragona (1779-1780)
Gregorio Salviati (1780-1790)
Fernando Spinelli (1790-1795)
Vacant (1795-1800)
Fabrizio Ruffo (1800-1821)
Antonio Maria Frosini (1823-1834)
Alessandro Spada (1835-1843)
Paolo Mangelli Orsi (1844-1846)
Giovanni Serafini (1846-1855)
Giuseppe Ugolini (1855-1858)
Vacant (1858-1875)
Lorenzo Ilarione Randi (1875-1884)
Vacant (1884-1889)
Gaetano De Ruggiero (1889-1896)
Vacant (1896-1903)
Giuseppe Callegari, pro illa vice title (1903-1906)
Aristide Cavallari, pro illa vice title (1907-1914)
Oreste Giorgi (1916-1923); pro illa vice title (1923-1924)
Alessandro Verde (1925-1935); pro illa vice title (1935-1958)
Francesco Roberti (1958-1967)
Vacant since 1967

(1) Chacón-Oldoini said that Cardinal Jacopo occupied this deaconry from ca. 1178 to 1179 and Cristofori, from 1180? to 1191 but Annuaire Pontifical Catholique indicates that Cardinal Orsini was its occupant for 47 years.
(2) Cristofori lists a Cardinal Niccolò from 1191 to 1193 but Annuaire Pontifical Catholique indicates that he duplicates Cardinal Boboni.
(3) Cristofori lists a Giovanni (1100?) but his existence has not been ascertained.
(4) Cristofori lists Gautier Gómez, pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement VII, as occupant of this deaconry from 1381 to 1382.
(5) Hierarchia Catholica does not explain how he occupied the deaconry during the period in which it was assigned to Cardinal Pedro Martínez de Luna y Gotor.
(6) Cristofori lists Lucido Conti di Poli, pseudocardinal of Antipope John XXIII, as occupant of this deaconry from 1411 to 1417 (?) and then Gil Sánchez, pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement VIII, from 1424 to 1429.

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S. Maria in Domnica
This deaconry received various donations from Pope Leo III (795-816). Its basilica had been built in the proximity of the barracks of the 5th division of the Roman legion. The basilica was rebuilt by Pope Paschal I (817-820). The deaconry was located in the II Roman Region (Augustea). The deaconry was also know as La Navicella, in the square of that name in Mount Celio. It was also an archdeaconry until the time of Pope Gregory VII (1072-1085), who suppressed that dignity. The church was built over the place of the building where St. Ciriaco extended hospitality to persecuted Christians, and it is believed, with much verosimilitud, that the designation in Dominica is the translation into Latin of the Greek name Kyriaka. The church is also called S. Maria in Navicella, or only La Navicella because of a stone vessel, probably an ancient ex-voto that is found in the church. During the pontificate of Pope Benedict XIII (1724-1730), it was elevated to presbyteral title but later became again a deaconry. The current designation in Domnica is a contraction of in Dominica. It is not known when it began to be used.

Frédéric de Lorraine, O.S.B.Cas. (1049-1057)
Ildebrando, O.S.B. (ca. 1059-1073)
Giovanni, O.S.B. (1088-1117)
Crescenzio (ca. 1112-1120)
Stefano (1120-ca. 1122)
Angelo (1122-1130?)
Gerardo (1134-ca. 1145)
Simone, O.S.B. (1158-1159? or 1183?)
Vacant (1159 or 1183-1200) (?)
Benedetto (1200-1201)
Roger (ca. 1202-1206)
Vacant (1206-ca. 1383) (?)
Tommaso Orsini (ca.1383-1390)
Vacant (1390-1408) (?)
Pietro Morosini, iuniore (1408-1424) (1)
Vacant (1424-1473)
Pedro González de Mendoza, pro illa vice title (1473-1478)
Ferris de Clugny, probably in commendam (1482-1483)
Giovanni Battista Orsini, seniore (1483-1488/1489)
Giovanni de' Medici (1489/1492-1513)
Giulio de' Medici (1513-1517)
Innocenzo Cibo (1517-1550)
Niccolò Gaddi (1550)
Andrea Cornaro (1550-1551)
Vacant (1551-1555)
Roberto de' Nobili (1555-1559)
Alfonso Carafa (1559-1560)
Giovanni de' Medici, iuniore (1560-1562)
Ferdinando de' Medici (1565-1585)
Charles II de Lorraine de Vaudémont (1585-1587)
Federico Borromeo, seniore (1588-1589)
Francesco Maria Bourbon del Monte Santa Maria (1589-1591)
Flaminio Piatti (1591-1592)
Vacant (1592-1596)
Andrea Baroni Peretti de Montalto (1596-1600)
Vacant (1600-1610)
Ferdinando Gonzaga (1610-1612)
Vacant (1612-1616)
Carlo de' Medici (1616-1623)
Vacant (1623-1627)
Alessandro Cesarini (1627-1632)
Vacant (1632-1644)
Camillo Francesco Maria Pamphilj (1644-1647)
Lorenzo Raggi (1647-1652)
Carlo Pio, iuniore (1654-1664)
Vacant (1664-1668)
Sigismondo Chigi (1668-1670)
Camillo Massimi (1671-1673)
Pietro Basadonna (1674-1684)
Francesco Maria de' Medici (1687-1709)
Curzio de Origo (1712-1716)
Vacant (1716-1725)
Niccolò Coscia, pro illa vice title (1725-1755)
Vacant (1755-1803)
Giovanni Castiglione (1803-1815)
Vacant (1815-1823)
Tommaso Riario Sfroza (1823-1834)
Francesco Saverio Massimo (1842-1848)
Roberto Giovanni F. Roberti (1850-1863)
Domenico Consolini (1866-1884)
Agostino Bausa, O.P. (1887-1889)
Vacant (1889-1901)
Luigi Tripepi (1901-1906)
Vacant (1906-1911)
Basilio Pompilj (1911-1914)
Scipione Tecchi (1914-1915)
Niccolò Marini (1916-1923)
Vacant (1923-1935)
Camillo Caccia Dominioni (1935-1946)
Vacant (1946-1953)
Alfredo Ottaviani (1953-1967); pro illa vice title (1967-1979)
Vacant (1979-1983)
Henri de Lubac, S.J. (1983-1991)
Luigi Poggi (1994-2004)
William Joseph Levada (2006-

(1) Cristofori indicates that he occupied this deaconry from 1417 to 1424.

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S. Maria in Portico Octaviae
This deaconry was erected ca. 590 (or ca. 600) by Pope St. Gregory I the Great (590-604) near carcere Decemvirale. The church was in ruins and without revenues when Pope Alexander VII (1655-1667) suppressed it on June 26, 1662 and transferred it on the same day to the new church of S. Maria in Portico Campitelli.

Teodino Sanseverino, O.S.B.Cas. (1088-1099)
Romano (1099-1135) (1)
Chrysogone, O.S.B. (1134-1138)
Ribaldo (1138-1139)
Pietro (1140-1145)
Guy (1145- ca. 1159)
Guido (1145)
Gualterio (ca. 1149-ca. 1155) (2)
Giovanni Pizzuti, Can. Reg. of Saint-Victor of Paris (1115-1158)
Giovanni de' Conti (1158-1167) (3)
Laborante (1171-1179)
Rolando Paparoni (1180-1184)
Wilfrid (1172-1173), pseudocardinal of Antipope Callistus III
Rolando, O.S.B. (1185-1188)
Gregorio de San Apostolo (1188-1202)
Gualterio (1202-1205)
Giacomo Guala Bicchieri (1205-1211) (4)
Vacant (1211-1262) (?)
Matteo Rosso Orsini (1262-1305) (5)
Arnaud de Pellegrue (1305-1331)
Vacant (1331-1361) (?)
Hugues de Saint-Martial (1361-1403)
Vacant (1403-1468) (?)
Giovanni Battista Zeno (1468-1470)
Vacant (1470-1500)
Marco Cornaro (1500-1513)
Bernardo Dovizi da Bibbienna (1513-1520)
Francesco Pisani, in commendam (1528-1541)
Juan Álvarez de Toledo, O.P. (1541)
Antoine Sanguin de Meudon (1541-1550)
Francesco Pisani, in commendam (1550-1555)
Girolamo Doria (1555-1558)
Alfonso Carafa (1558-1559)
Vitellozzo Vitelli (1559-1564)
Innocenzo Ciocchi del Monte (1564-1568)
Francesco Alciati, pro illa vice title (1569-1580)
Ippolito de' Rossi (1586-1587)
Hughes de Loubenx de Verdalle, O.S.Io.Hier. (1588-1595)
Bartolomeo Cesi (1596-1611)
Ferdinando Gonzaga (1612-1615)
Fernando de Austria (1619-1641)
Virginio Orsini, O.S.Io.Hieros. (1642)
Vincenzo Costaguti (1643-1652)
Lorenzo Raggi (1652-1653)
Francesco Maidalchini (1654-1662)
Deaconry suppressed in 1662

(1) Cristofori lists Cardinals Gualone (1105?) and Domenico (?) (1133?) as occupants of this deaconry but Annual Pontifical Catholique indicates that this is erroneous.
(2) Annuaire Pontifical Catholique indicates that he could be the same person as his predecessor.
(3) Cristofori erroneously indicates that he became Pope Clement III. He also erroneously lists Cardinal Gregorio as occupant of the deaconry in 1159?.
(4) Vitae et res gestae Pontificum Romanorum et S.R.E. Cardinalium lists a Gualterio as cardinal deacon of S. Maria in Portico created by Innocent III. Hierarchia Catholica indicates that since Gualterio never subscribed as cardinal, it is doubtful that he was ever promoted.
(5) Cirstofori lists a Gregorio as occupant of this deaconry, between Cardinals Guala and Orsini, in 1146 (should be 1246). Hierarcha Catholica indicates that he should be eliminated from the list of occupants because there are no papal bulls subscribed by him.

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S. Maria in Portico Campitelli
Established on June 26, 1662 by Pope Alexander VII (1655-1667), when he suppressed the ancient deaconry of S. Maria in Portico Octaviae.

Francesco Maidalchino (1662-1666)
Louis de Vendôme (1667-1669)
Gaspare Carpegna (1671)
Felice Rospigliosi (1673)
Girolamo Casanate (1673-1675)
Vacant (1675-1681)
Benedetto Pamphilj, O.S.Io.Hieros. (1681-1685)
Luigi Omodei, iuniore (1690-1706)
Vacant (1706-1724)
Melchior de Polignac (1724)
Vacant (1724-1728)
Carlo Collicola (1728-1730)
Vacant (1730-1734)
Giacomo Lanfredini (1734-1741)
Carlo Maria Sacripanti (1741-1747)
Henry Benedict Mary Stuart of York (1747-1748); pro illa vice title (1748-1752); in commendam (1752-1759)
Flavio Chigi, iuniore (1759-1771)
Vacant (1771-1775)
Ignazio Boncompagni Ludovisi (1775-1787)
Flippo Carandini (1787-1794)
Vacant (1794-1803)
Charles Erskine (1803-1811)
Vacant (1811-1816)
Stanislao Sanseverino (1816-1825)
Vacant (1825-1829)
Belisario Cristaldi (1829-1831)
Vacant (1831-1838)
Adriano Fieschi (1838-1843)
Ludovico Altieri, pro illa vice title (1845-1860)
Francesco Pentini (1863-1869)
Vacant (1869-1875)
Bartolommeo Pacca, iuniore (1875-1880)
Francesco Ricci Paracciani (1882-1891)
Francesco Segna (1894-1911)
Giovanni Battista Lugari (1911-1914)
Francis Aidan Gasquet, O.S.B. (1915-1924); pro illa vice title (1924-1929)
Vacant (1929-1935)
Massimo Massimi (1935-1946); pro illa vice title (1946-1954)
Vacant (1954-1958)
Carlo Chiarlo, pro illa vice title (1958-1964)
Charles Journet (1965-1973); pro illa vice title (1973-1975)
Corrado Bafile (1976-1987); pro hac vice title (1987-2005)
Andrea Cordero Lanza di Montezemolo (2006-

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S. Maria in Schola Græca
See S. Maria in Aquiro

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S. Maria in Via Lata
This diaconal region must be the VII that was established ca. 250 by Pope St. Fabian (236-250). It was an oratory built in the ancient Pagan edifice called Septa Iulia. The oratory had paintings from the end of the 5th Century and the beginning of the 6th. In its place was built, ca. 700, the church of S. Maria in Via Lata, name of the ancient Roman street in which it was (currently in il Corso). Erected without a doubt a deaconry (the date is not known), it was not a regional deaconry but one of the four palatine deaconries, whose cardinals assisted the pope in the the liturgical celebrations. According to Liber Pontificalis, this deaconry received donations from Pope Leo III (795-816). It has had a collegial chapter of canons since 1144. It was for a long time the deaconry of the cardinal protodeacon.

Teodorico (1080/1095-c. 1095), pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement III
Gregorio, O.S.B. (1088-1099)
Ugo d'Alatri (1105-1112)
Romualdo Guarna (ca. 1112-1122)
Uberto (1122-ca. 1125)
Pietrodei Garsendi (1125-1127)
Guido di Castello (1127-1133)
Ubaldo (1133-1144)
Pietro (1144-1148)
Gerardo Caccianemici (1149-1155) (1)
Guglielmo Matengo, O.Cist. (1155-1158)
Raymond des Arènes (1158-ca. 1176/1177)
Ardoino (1178-ca. 1182)
Soffredo (1182-1193)
Pietro Caputo, maior (1192 or 1193-1201)
Giovanni da Ferentino (1205-1216)
Tommaso da Capua (1216)
Vacant (1216-1244) (?)
Ottaviano Ubaldini (1244-1273)
Giacomo Colonna (1278-1297)
Luca Fieschi (1300-1306)
Vacant (1306-344) (?)
Nicolas de Besse (1344-1369)
Pierre de Vergne (1371-1403) (2)
Antonio de Challant (1404-1412), pseudocardinal of Antipopes Benedict XIII, Alexander V and John XXIII
Vacant (1412-1423) (?)
Domenico Capranica (1426 or 1430-1444); in commendam (1444-1458)
Rodrigo de Borja y Borja, in commendam (1458-1492)
Vacant (1492-1496)
Juan Borja Llançol de Romaní. el menor (1496-1500)
Pedro Luis Borja-Llançol de Romaní, O.S.Io.Hieros. (1500-1503); in commendam (1503-1511)
Marco Cornaro (1513-1523)
Alessandro Cesarini (1523-1540)
Niccolò Ridolfi (1540-1550)
Innocenzo Cibo (1550)
Niccolò Gaddi (1550-1551); pro illa vice title (1551-1552)
Guido Ascanio Sforza di Santa Fiora (1552-1564)
Ippolito d'Este (1564)
Vitellozzo Vitelli (1564-1568)
Innocenzo Ciocchi del Monte (1568-1577)
Antonio Carafa (1577-1583)
Luigi d'Este (1583-1586)
Ferdinando de' Medici (1587-1588)
Francesco Sforza (1588-1617)
Odoardo Farnese (1617-1621)
Andrea Baroni Peretti Montalto (1621)
Alessandro d'Este (1621-1623)
Carlo Emmanuele Pio, seniore (1623-1626)
Maurizio di Savoia (1626-1642)
Antonio Barberini, iuniore (1642-1653)
Giangiacomo Teodoro Trvulzio (1653-1655)
Giulio Gabrielli (1655-1656)
Viriginio Orsini, O.S.Io.Hieros. (1656-1666)
Francesco Maidalchini (1666-1689)
Niccolò Acciaioli (1689)
Urbano Sacchetti (1689-1693)
Benedetto Pamphilj, O.S.Io.Hieros. (1693-1730)
Lorenzo Altieri (1730-1741)
Carlo Maria Marini (1741-1747)
Alessandro Albani, O.S.Io.Hieros. (1747-1779)
Domenico Orsini (1779-1789)
Ignazio Boncompagni-Ludovisi (1789-1790)
Gregorio Salviati (1790-1794)
Vincenzo Maria Altieri (1794-1798)
Antonio Maria Doria Pamphilj (1800-1821)
Fabrizio Ruffo (1821-1827)
Giuseppe Albani (1828-1834)
Tommaso Riario Sforza (1834-1857)
Ludovico Gazzoli (1857-1858)
Giuseppe Ugolini (1858-1867)
Giacomo Antonelli (1868-1876)
Prospero Caterini (1876-1881)
Teodolfo Mertel (1881-1884)
Lorenzo Ilarione Randi (1884-1887)
Joseph Hergenröther (1887-1890)
Isidoro Verga (1891-1896)
Luigi Macchi (1896-1907)
Vacant (1907-1911)
Louis Billot, S.J. (1911-1927)
Vacant (1927-1937)
Giuseppe Pizzardo, pro illa vice title (1937-1948)
Vacant (1948-1953)
Valerian Gracias, pro illa vice title (1953-1978)
Wladyslaw Rubin (1979-1990); pro illa vice title (1990)
Edward Idris Cassidy (1991-2002); pro hac vice title (2002-

(1) Cristofori duplicates him as Gerardo Caetani da Pisa (1149-1154?) and Gherardo Caccianemici (1149-1154?).
(2) In Vitae et res gestae Pontificum Romanorum et S.R.E. Cardinalium , Chacón lists Orlando Ulpelli di Lucca, pseudocardinal of AntipopeBenedict XIII, as occupant of this deaconry in 1396 but Oldoini, in the second edition of the work, stated that he should be eliminated from the list because there was no documentary proof of his promotion.

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S. Maria Liberatrice a Monte Testaccio
Established by Pope Paul VI on February 5, 1965, by the apostolic constitution Auctis hodie.

Giuseppe Beltrami, pro illa vice title (1967-1973)
Opilio Rossi (1976-1987)
Antonio María Javierre Ortas, S.D.B. (1988-1999); pro illa vice title (1999-2007)
Giovanni Lajolo (2007-

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S. Maria Nuova
This deaconry was established ca. 590 by Pope St. Gregory I the Great (590-604) and in antiquity it was called the Old (Vecchia). It was suppressed on August 8, 1661 by Pope Alexander VII (1655-1667), who transferred it to the new church of S. Maria della Scala on January 14, 1664. On March 17, 1887, Pope Leo XIII (1878-1903) reestablished it as a title.

Pagano (1088 or later-1101)
Teobaldo (ca. 1102-1121) (1)
Aymery de la Châtre, Can. Reg. Lat. (1121-1143) (2)
Giovanni, Can. Reg. of S. Frediano di Lucca (1143-1153)
Giovanni Pizzuti, Can. Reg. of St-Victor of Paris (1155-ca. 1182?)
Lanfredo (1159-ca. 1168), pseudocardinal of Antipope Victor IV
Girolamo, Can. Reg. of S. Frediano of Lucca (1164-before 1177)
Ughicio (1172-1173), pseudocardinal of Antipope Paschal III
Matteo, Can. Reg. of S. Frediano of Lucca (1178-1182)
Albino, Can. Reg. de S. Maria di Crescenziano (1182-1185)
Bernardo, Can. Reg. of S. Frediano di Lucca (1188-1193)
Vacant? (1193-1295)
Pietro Valeriano Duraguerra (1295-1302)
Raymond de Got (1305-1310)
Raymond Guillaume des Forges (1310-1346)
Pierre Roger de Beaufort (1348-1370)
Ludovico di Capua (1378-1380)
Amedeo Saluzzo (1383-1417), pseudocardinal of AntipopeClement VII; (1417-1424)
Marino Bulcani (1384-1394)
Giacopo del Torso (1408-1413) (3)
Giacomo Isolani (1420?-1431) (4)
Vacant (1431-1440)
Pietro Barbo (1440-1451)
Vacant (1451-1462)
Francesco Gonzaga (1462-1483)
Giovanni Battista Orsini, seniore (1488/1489-1493)
César Borgia (1493-1498)
Raymond Pérault, O.S.A.pro illa vice title (1499-1505)
Francisco Lloris y de Borja (1505-1506)
Sigismundo Gonzaga (1506-1525)
Ercole Gonzaga (1527-1556); pro illa vice title (1556-1563)
Federico Gonzaga (1563-1565)
Ippolito II d'Este (1565-1572)
Filippo Guastavillani (1574-1577)
Andreas von Austria (1577-1600)
Alessandro d'Este (1600-1621)
Maurizio di Savoia (1621)
Ippolito Aldobrandini, iuniore (1621-1626)
Marzio Ginetti (1627-1634)
Vacant (1634-1642)
Giulio Gabrielli (1642)
Virginio Orsini (1642-1644)
Rinaldo d'Este (1644)
Giancarlo de' Medici (1645-1656)
Friedrich von Hessen-Darmstadt, O.S.Io.Hieros. (1656-1661)
Deaconry suppressed in 1661

(1) Cristofori says that he occupied this deaconry from 1088 to 1099. He also places a Cardinal Crescenzio as deacon of S. Maria Nuova from 1099 to 1119 but Annuaire Pontifical Catholique says that Cristofori confuses him with his namesake, the cardinal deacon of S. Maria in Domnica ca. 1112.
(2) Both Cristofori and Chacón indicate that Cardinal Regnier, from Borgogne, was the occupant of this deaconry in 1119 but Annuaire Pontifical Catholique says this is erroneous because the deaconry was occupied at that time by Cardinal Aymeric.
(3) Cristofori lists him as occupant from 1408 to 1431, indicating that he was a legitimate cardinal from 1409 to 1419. Hierarchia Catholica says that he died in 1413.
(4) Cristofori lists him as commendatario? from 1413 to 1431. Hierarchia Catholica indicates that he was deacon of S. Eustachio from 1413 to 1420.

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S. Maria Odigitria dei Siciliani
This deaconry was established on February 12, 1973 by Pope Paul VI by the apostolic constitution Romana templa. Its original name was S. Maria d'Itria al Tritone.

Salvatore Pappalardo, pro illa vice title (1973-2006)
Paolo Romeo, pro hac vice title (2010-

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S. Michele Arcangelo
Established by Pope Paul VI on February 5, 1965, by the apostolic constitution Inter cetera Romanae.

Jozef-Léon Cardijn (1965-1967)
Vacant (1967-2003)
Javier Lozano Barragán (2003-

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©1998-2014 Salvador Miranda.