The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Early lists of cardinals

Cardinal priests and deacons who participated in the Roman Council of 853, convoked by Pope Leo IV against Anastasio, cardinal priest title of S. Marcello, who abandoned his title, left Rome, sought refuge under Emperor Louis II, intrigued against the pope and refused to return to Rome after the pope had repeatedly asked him to do so.

NOMINA PRESBYTERORVM ET DIACONORVM S. R. E. CARDINALIVM.
Qui viventes sub Leone IV. Anno 853. interfuerunt Concilio Romano, in quo Anastasio sacra sunt interdicta.

4. ROMANVS Archipresbyter Card. titulo Pudentianæ.
5. SERGIVS Presbyter Card. titulo S. Clementis.
6. LEO Presbyter Card. titulo S. Cæciliæ.
7. ZACHARIAS Presbyter Card. titulo S. Chrysogoni.
8. BENEDICTVS Presbyter Card. titulo S. Calisti, qui Leonis successit in Pontificatu.
9. LEO Presbyter Card. titulo S. Laurentij: hic S. R. E. Legatus Constantinopolense ad Imperatore contulit pro Ignatio, contra Photium.
10. PAVLVS Presbyter Card. titulo S. Balbinæ.
11. LEO Presbyter Card. titulo S. Cyriaci.
12. HADRIANVS Presbyter Card. tit. S. Marci, qui post Nicoaum huius nomims Primum, Petri navum regendam suscepit.
13. GEORGIVS Presbyter Card. titulo S. Anastasiæ.
14. ROMANVS Presbyter Cardinalis titulo sanctorum Ioannis, & Pauli.
15. LVCINVS Presbyter Card. titulo S. Eusebij: hic Lucianus etiam dicts Fulginiæ natus a Leone IV. anno reparatf salutis 845. creatus est Diaconus Cardinalis: de Quo in antiguo Codice Blblioth.        Vaticanæ hæc habentur. Lucianum, sine Lucinus Fulganensis Diaconus Cardinalis Regionem nonæ creatus a Gregorio IV. p: hunc futile filium Halli Trincij, Fulginif Civitatis Umbriæ. Prncipis,        scribit Durantes Dorio in historia Familiæ Trincif. Ego vero iudico a Gregorio IV. Lucinum creatum etse Diaconú Cardinales, & a Leone IV. Presbyteris Cardinalibus adscriptum, titulo S. Eusebij.
16. lOVlNlANVS Presbyter Card. Titulo S. Sabinæ.
17. HADRIANVS Presbyter Card. titulo S. Vitalis.
18. GEORGIVS Presbyter Card. titulo S. Laurentij.
19. IOANNES Presbyter Card. titulo S. ......
20. LEO Presbyter Card. titulo sanctorum quattuor Coronatorum.
21. MARTINVS Presbyter Cardinalis S. Marcelli.
22. IOANNES Presbyter Cardinalis S. Priscæ.

DIACONI CARDINALES


23. IOANNES Archidiaconus S. R. E.
24. IOANNES Diaconus Cardinalis.
25. NICOLAVS Diaconus Cardinalis, qui Benedicto huius nominis Tertio in Pontificatus successit.
26. BENEDICTVS Diaconus Cardinalis.
27. LEONTIVS Diaconus Cardinalis.
28. BENEDICTVS Diaconus Cardinalis.

Taken from Alfonso Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificum Romanorum : et S.R.E. Cardinalium ab initio nascentis Ecclesiae usque ad Clementem IX P. O. M. Alphonsi Ciaconii Ord. Praed. & aliorum opera descriptæ : cum uberrimis notis. Ab Augustino Oldoino, Soc. Jesu recognitae, et ad quatuor tomos ingenti ubique rerum accessione productae. Additis Pontificum recentiorum imaginibus, & Cardinalium insignibus, plurimisque aeneis figuris, cum indicibus locupletissimis. Romæ : P. et A. De Rubeis, 1677, I, col. 625-626. This source does not include the names of the bishop cardinalis who participated in the synod.

Additional source: Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 57-58.

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