The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Cardinal electors arranged by country

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Pope Paul VI by his motu proprio Ingravescentem aetatem, dated November 21, 1970, substantially modified the electoral power of the cardinals. The document stipulated that cardinals older than eighty years were deprived of their right to elect the pope and to participate in the conclave. When this provision went into effect on January 1, 1971, twenty-five cardinals lost their electoral rights. This regulation was later reaffirmed by his apostolic constitution Romano Pontifici eligendo of October 1, 1975 and by Pope John Paul II's apostolic constitution Universi Dominici Gregis of February 22, 1996.

As of April 19, 2015, there are 120 cardinal electors from 60 countries. Of the cardinal electors, 30 have been created by Pope John Paul II; 59 by Pope Benedict XVI; and 31 by Pope Francis. In parentheses following the name is the year of cardinalitial creation.

Argentina Australia Austria Bolivia Bosnia-Herzegovina Brazil Burkina Faso Cabo Verde Canada Chile Colombia Croatia Cuba
Czech Republic Democratic Republic of Congo Dominican Republic England Ethiopia France Germany Ghana Guinea
Haiti Honduras Hungary India Ireland Italy Ivory Coast Kenya Lebanon Lithuania México Myanmar Netherlands New Zealand
Nicaragua Nigeria Panamá Perú Philippines Poland Popular Republic of China Portugal Sénégal South Africa South Korea
Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Switzerland Tanzania Thailand Tonga United States of America Uruguay Venezuela Việt Nam
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ARGENTINA (2)
Poli, Mario Aurelio (2014)
Sandri, Leonardo (2007)

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AUSTRALIA (1)
Pell, George (2003)

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AUSTRIA (1)
Schönborn, O.P., Christoph (1998)

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BOLIVIA (1)
Terrazas Sandoval, C.SS.R., Julio (2001)

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BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA (1)
Puljic, Vinko (1994)

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BRAZIL (4)
Assis, Raymundo Damasceno (2010)
Aviz, João Braz de (2012)
Scherer, Odilo Pedro (2007)
Tempesta, O. Cist., Orani João (2014)

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BURKINA FASO (1)
Ouédraogo, Philippe Nakellentuba (2014)

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CABO VERDE (1)
Gomes Furtado, Arlindo (2015)

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CANADA (3)
Collins, Thomas Christopher (2012)
Lacroix, I.S.P.X, Gérald Cyprien (2014)
Ouellet, P.S.S., Marc (2003)

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CHILE (1)
Ezzatti Andrello, S.D.B., Ricardo (2014)

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COLOMBIA (1)
Salazar Gómez, Rubén (2012)

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CROATIA (1)
Bozanić, Josip (2003)

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CUBA (1)
Ortega y Alamino, Jaime Lucas (1994)

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CZECH REPUBLIC (1)
Duka, O.P., Dominik Jaroslav (2012)

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DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO (1)
Monsengwo Pasinya, Laurent (2010)

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DOMINICAN REPUBLIC (1)
López Rodríguez, Nicolás de Jesús (1991)

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ENGLAND (1)
Nichols, Vincent (2014)

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ETHIOPIA (1)
Souraphiel, C.M., Berhaneyesus Demerew (2015)

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FRANCE (5)
Barbarin, Philippe (2003)
Mamberti, Dominique (2015)
Ricard, Jean-Pierre (2006)
Tauran, Jean-Louis (2003)
Vingt-Trois, André (2007)

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GERMANY (4)
Lehmann, Karl (2001)
Marx, Reinhard (2010)
Müller, Gerhard Ludwig (2014)
Woelki, Rainer Maria (2012)

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GHANA (1)
Turkson, Peter Kodwo Appiah (2003)

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GUINEA (1)
Sarah, Robert (2010)

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HAITI (1)
Langlois, Chibly (2014)

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HONDURAS (1)
Rodríguez Maradiaga, S.D.B., Óscar Andrés (2001)

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HUNGARY (1)
Erdö, Péter (2003)

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INDIA (5)
Alencherry, George (2012)
Dias, Ivan (2001)
Gracias, Oswald (2007)
Thottunkal Baselios Cleemis (2012)
Toppo, Telesphore Placide (2003)

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IRELAND (1)
Brady, Seán Baptist (2007)

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ITALY (26)
Amato, S.D.B., Angelo (2010)
Antonelli, Ennio (2003)
Bagnasco, Angelo (2007)
Baldisseri, Lorenzo (2014)
Bassetti, Gualtiero (2014)
Bertello, Giuseppe (2012)
Betori, Giuseppe (2012)
Caffarra, Carlo (2006)
Calcagno, Domenico (2012)
Coccopalmerio, Francesco (2012)
Comastri, Angelo, (2007)
De Paolis, C.S., Velasio (2010)
Filoni, Fernando (2012)
Menichelli, Edoardo (2015)
Montenegro, Francesco (2015)
Nicora, Attilio (2003)
Parolin, Pietro (2014)
Piacenza, Mauro (2010)
Ravasi, Gianfranco (2010)
Romeo, Paolo (2010)
Scola, Angelo (2003)
Sepe, Crescenzio (2001)
Stella, Beniamino (2014)
Vallini, Agostino (2006)
Vegliò, Antonio Maria (2012)
Versaldi, Giuseppe (2012)

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IVORY COAST (1)
Kutwa, Jean-Pierre (2014)

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KENYA (1)
Njue, John (2007)

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LEBANON (1)
Raï, O.M.M., Bé Boutros (2012)

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LITHUANIA (1)
Bačkis, Audrys Juozas (2001)

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MÉXICO (3)
Robles Ortega, Francisco (2007)
Rivera Carrera, Norberto (1998)
Suárez Inda, Alberto (2015)

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MYANMAR (1)
Bo, S.D.B., Charles Maung (2015)

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NETHERLANDS (1)
Eijk, Willem Jacobus (2012)

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NEW ZEALAND (1)
Dew, John Atcherley (2015)

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NICARAGUA (1)
Brenes Solórzano, Leopoldo José (2014)

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NIGERIA (2)
Onaiyekan, John Olorunfemi (2012)
Okogie, Anthony Olubunmi (2003)

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PANAMÁ (1)
Lacunza Maestrojuàn, O.A.R., José Luis (2015)

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PERÚ (1)
Cipriani Thorne, Juan Luis (2001)

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PHILIPPINES (2)
Quevedo, O.M.I., Orlando Beltran (2014)
Tagle, Luis Antonio Gokim (2012)

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POLAND (4)
Dziwisz, Stanisław (2006)
Grocholweski, Zenon (2001)
Nycz, Kazimierz (2010)
Ryłko, Stanisław (2007)

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POPULAR REPUBLIC OF CHINA (1)
Tong Hon, John (2012)

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PORTUGAL (2)
Monteiro de Castro, Manuel (2012)
Clemente, Manuel José Macário do Nascimento (2015)

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SÉNÉGAL (1)
Sarr, Théodore-Adrien (2007)

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SOUTH AFRICA (1)
Napier, O.F.M., Wilfrid Napier (2001)

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SOUTH KOREA (1)
Yeom Soo Jung, Andrew (2014)

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SPAIN (5)
Abril y Castelló, Santos (2012)
Blázquez Pérez, Ricardo (2015)
Cañizares Llovera, Antonio (2006)
Martínez Sistach Lluís (2007)
Rouco Varela, Antonio María (1998)

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SRI LANKA (1)
Patabendige Don, Albert Malcolm Ranjith (2010)

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SUDAN (1)
Zubeir Wako, Gabriel (2003)

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SWITZERLAND (1)
Koch, Kurt (2010)

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TANZANIA (1)
Pengo, Polycarp (1998)

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THAILAND (1)
Kovithavanij, Francis Xavier Kriengsak (2015)

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TONGA (1)
Mafi, Soane Patita Paini (2015)

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UNITED STATES (9)
Burke, Raymond Leo (2010)
DiNardo, Daniel Nicholas (2007)
Dolan, Timothy Michael (2012)
Harvey, James Michael (2012)
Levada, William Joseph (2006)
Mahony, Roger Michael (1991)
O'Brien, Edwin Frederick (2012)
O'Malley, O.F.M.Cap., Seán Patrick (2006)
Wuerl, Donald William (2010)

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URUGUAY (1)
Sturla Berhouet, S.D.B., Daniel Fernando (2015)

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VENEZUELA (1)
Urosa Savino, Jorge Liberato (2006)

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VIỆT NAM (1)
Nguyễn Van Nhơn, Pierre (2015)

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CARDINAL ELECTORS BY CONTINENT BY COUNTRY

AFRICA (15) - (14)
Burkina Faso 1
Cabo Verde 1
Democratic Republic of Congo 1
Egypt 1
Ethiopia 1
Ghana 1
Guinea 1
Ivory Coast 1
Kenya 1
Nigeria 2
Sénégal 1
South Africa 1
Sudan 1
Tanzania 1

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AMERICA (33) - (17)
Argentina 2
Bolivia 1
Brazil 4
Canada 3
Chile 1
Colombia 1
Cuba 1
Dominican Republic 1
Haiti 1
Honduras 1
México 3
Nicaragua 1
Panamá 1
Perú 1
United States of America 8
Uruguay 1
Venezuela 1

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ASIA (14) - (9)
India 5
Lebanon 1
Myanmar 1
Philippines 2
Popular Republic of China 1
South Korea 1
Sri Lanka 1
Thailand 1
Việt Nam 1

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EUROPE (56) - (16)
Austria 1
Bosnia i Herzegovina 1
Croatia 1
Czech Republic 1
England 1
France 5
Germany 4
Hungary 1
Ireland 1
Italy 26
Lithuania 1
Netherlands 1
Poland 4
Portugal 2
Spain 5
Switzerland 1

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OCEANIA (3) - (3)
Australia 1
New Zealand 1
Tonga 1

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SUMMARY
AFRICA - 15 cardinals from 14 countries
AMERICA - 33 cardinals from 17 countries
ASIA - 14 cardinals from 9 countries
EUROPE - 55 cardinals from 15 countries
OCEANIA - 3 cardinals from 3 countries

TOTAL - 120 cardinals from 58 countries

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©1998-2015 Salvador Miranda.