The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

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19th Century
(1800-1903)

Numerical summary of the cardinals created by the 6 popes of this century.

Pius VII (1800-1823) - 99 cardinals
Leo XII (1823-1829) - 25 cardinals
Pius VIII (1829-1830) - 6 cardinals
Gregory XVI (1831-1846) - 75 cardinals
Pius IX (1846-1878) - 123 cardinals
Leo XIII (1878-1903) - 147 cardinals
Total: 475 cardinals

Source: Hierarchia catholica medii et recentoris aevi sive Summorum Pontificum, S.R.E. cardinalium ecclesiarum antistitum series. Edited by Guilelmus van Gulik, Conradus Eubel, Ludovicus Schmitz-Kallenberg, Remigius Ritzler, and Pirminus Sefrin. 8 vols. Munich: Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913-1978. Reprint edition: Padua: Il Messaggero di S. Antonio, 1960-1982, vol. VII, pp. 6-35; VIII, pp. 9-42.

Electronic source: Consistories of the 19th Century

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Title of S. Matteo in Merulana suppressed and new title of S. Maria della Vittoria established, December 23, 1801, Pius VII (1800-1823).

In the secret consistory celebrated on that day, this title was suppressed because of the bad conditions of the church building. It was transferred to that of S. Maria della Vittoria.

Source: Hierarchia catholica medii et recentoris aevi sive Summorum Pontificum, S.R.E. cardinalium ecclesiarum antistitum series. Edited by Guilelmus van Gulik, Conradus Eubel, Ludovicus Schmitz-Kallenberg, Remigius Ritzler, and Pirminus Sefrin. 8 vols. Munich: Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913-1978. Reprint edition: Padua: Il Messaggero di S. Antonio, 1960-1982, VI, p. 47.

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Bull regulating papal elections, October 30, 1804, Pius VII (1800-1823).

On the occasion of his trip to France to crown Napoleon, the pope wrote this document in case he would be retained by the emperor. It was never published because he returned safely to Rome after the coronation.

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Quae potissumum, constitution, February 6, 1807, Pius VII (1800-1823).

Source: Staffa, Dino. "Annotationes ad Const. Ap. Vacantis Apostolicae Sedis", Apollinaris, XIX (1946), 177.

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Novae leges in nova Pontificis electiones si casus contigerit ut, illius obitus obveniat inter politicas perturbationes, July 6, 1809, Pius VII (1800-1823).

Source: Staffa, Dino. "Annotationes ad Const. Ap. Vacantis Apostolicae Sedis", Apollinaris, XIX (1946), 177.

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The new diocese of Civitavecchia united to the suburbicarian see of Porto e Santa Rufina, December 10, 1825, apostolic bull, Leo XII (1823-1831).

The pope separated the city of Civitavecchia and its territory from the diocese of Viterbo and established it as a diocese united to the suburbicarian see of Porto e Santa Rufina. On June 14, 1854, Pius IX united Civitavecchia to the diocese of Corneto Tarquinia (Item ). The Annuario Pontificio 2011 gives December 20, 1825 as the date of establishment of the diocese of Civitavecchia.

Source: Hierarchia catholica medii et recentoris aevi sive Summorum Pontificum, S.R.E. cardinalium ecclesiarum antistitum series. Edited by Guilelmus van Gulik, Conradus Eubel, Ludovicus Schmitz-Kallenberg, Remigius Ritzler, and Pirminus Sefrin. 8 vols. Munich: Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913-1978. Reprint edition: Padua: Il Messaggero di S. Antonio, 1960-1982, VII, p. 38.

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Document never published or text known providing for the celebration of the conclave in case of extraordinary circumstances, Gregory XVI (1831-1846).

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The title of S. Eusebio suppressed and the new title of Ss. Andrea e Gregorio al Monte Celio established, June 8, 1839, apostolic bull, Gregory XVI (1831-1846).

The pope decided to suppress the title as soon as it became vacant and transfer it to the church Ss. Andrea Apostolo e Gregorio Magno in Monte Celio, as it was called originally. It was later reinstated pro hac vice tantum by Pius IX in the secret consistory of June 25, 1877.

Source: Hierarchia catholica medii et recentoris aevi sive Summorum Pontificum, S.R.E. cardinalium ecclesiarum antistitum series. Edited by Guilelmus van Gulik, Conradus Eubel, Ludovicus Schmitz-Kallenberg, Remigius Ritzler, and Pirminus Sefrin. 8 vols. Munich : Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913-1978. Reprint edition: Padua : Il Messaggero di S. Antonio, 1960-1982, VII, p. 41, n. 6.

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The abbatial title of Farfa united to the suburbicarian see of Sabina, November 25, 1841, Gregory XVI (1831-1846).

The ancient abbey of Farfa was united to the suburbicarian see of Sabina and at the same time the diocese of Poggio Mirteto was established. The latter was united to Sabina on June 3, 1925 by the apostolic constitution Suburbicariae Sabina becoming a single diocese on September 30, 1986.

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Quum illud, apostolic letter, June 1, 1847, Pius IX (1846-1878).

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The diocese of Civitavecchia separated from the suburbicarian see of Porto e Santa Rufina and united to the diocese of Corneto Tarquinia, June 14, 1854, Pius IX (1846-1878).

By decree of the S.C. Consistorial the diocese of Civitavecchia that had been united to the suburbicarian see of Porto e Santa Rufina since December 10, 1825 was separated from the latter and united to Corneto Tarquinia.

Source: Hierarchia catholica medii et recentoris aevi sive Summorum Pontificum, S.R.E. cardinalium ecclesiarum antistitum series. Edited by Guilelmus van Gulik, Conradus Eubel, Ludovicus Schmitz-Kallenberg, Remigius Ritzler, and Pirminus Sefrin. 8 vols. Munich: Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913-1978. Reprint edition: Padua: Il Messaggero di S. Antonio, 1960-1982, VIII, p. 44.

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Ecclessiarum omnium curant, apostolic letter, June 17, 1867, Pius IX (1846-1878).

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Quamquam Illius, apostolic letter, September 29, 1867, Pius IX (1846-1878).

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Multiplices inter, apostolic letter, November 27, 1869, Pius IX (1846-1878).

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Cum Romanis Pontificibus, constitution, December 4, 1869, Pius IX (1846-1878).

If the pope dies during the celebration of the I Vatican Ecumenical Council, the right to elect the new pope continues to be reserved exclusively to the cardinals.

Source: Staffa, Dino. "Annotationes ad Const. Ap. Vacantis Apostolicae Sedis", Apollinaris, XIX (1946), 177.

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Italian Law of Guarantees, May 13, 1871.

Provided for complete liberty of the cardinals in papal elections.

Source: Sägmüller, Johannes Baptist. "Cardinal", The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: The Encyclopedia Press, 1913, p. 338.

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In hac sublimi, constitution, (August 21 or 23?, 1871) September 10, 1871, Pius IX (1846-1878).

Source: Staffa, Dino. "Annotationes ad Const. Ap. Vacantis Apostolicae Sedis", Apollinaris, XIX (1946), 177.

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Licet per apostolicas litteras, bull, September 3 (8?), 1874, Pius IX (1846-1878).

Source: Staffa, Dino. "Annotationes ad Const. Ap. Vacantis Apostolicae Sedis", Apollinaris, XIX (1946), 177.

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The title of S. Eusebio reinstated pro hac vice tantum, June 25, 1877, Pius IX (1846-1878).

In the secret consistory of that date the title of S. Eusebio which had been suppressed by Gregory XVI in 1839 (Item ) was reinstated.

Source: Source: Hierarchia catholica medii et recentoris aevi sive Summorum Pontificum, S.R.E. cardinalium ecclesiarum antistitum series. Edited by Guilelmus van Gulik, Conradus Eubel, Ludovicus Schmitz-Kallenberg, Remigius Ritzler, and Pirminus Sefrin. 8 vols. Munich: Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913-1978. Reprint edition: Padua: Il Messaggero di S. Antonio, 1960-1982, VIII, p. 48, n. 10.

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Consulturi ne post obitum, constitution, October 10, 1877, Piux IX (1846-1878).

Source: Staffa, Dino. "Annotationes ad Const. Ap. Vacantis Apostolicae Sedis", Apollinaris, XIX (1946), 177.

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Regulations to be observed by the Sacred College on the occasion of the vacancy of the Apostolic See, January 10, 1878, Pius IX (1846-1878).

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The title of Ss. Vitale, Gervasio e Protasio restored, December 16, 1880, Leo XIII (1878-1903).

These titles had been suppressed in 1592 (or 1596, Cristofori gives both dates in different sections of his Storia dei Cardinali de Santa Romana Chiesa, pp. LXI and 91) and was restored.

Source: Hierarchia catholica medii et recentoris aevi sive Summorum Pontificum, S.R.E. cardinalium ecclesiarum antistitum series. Edited by Guilelmus van Gulik, Conradus Eubel, Ludovicus Schmitz-Kallenberg, Remigius Ritzler, and Pirminus Sefrin. 8 vols. Munich: Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913-1978. Reprint edition: Padua: Il Messaggero di S. Antonio, 1960-1982, VIII, p. 53, n. 52.

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Praedecessores Nostri, constitution, May 24, 1882, Leo XIII (1878-1903).

Regulations in case the papal election had to be celebrated under extraordinary circumstances. Attached to the constitution is the Instructio a Sacro Cardinalium Collegio observanda vacante Sede Apostolica donec extraordinaria conditio perduret in qua nunc ipsa versatur.

Source: Staffa, Dino. "Annotationes ad Const. Ap. Vacantis Apostolicae Sedis", Apollinaris, XIX (1946), 177.

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The title of S. Maria Nuova e S. Francesca in Foro Romano erected, March 17, 1887, Leo XIII (1878-1903).

The deaconry of S. Maria Nuova had been suppressed on August 8, 1661 by Alexander VII (1655-1667). It was now restored as a title and and with the name that it had become known (S. Francesca in Foro Romano or S. Francesca Romana) added.

Source: Hierarchia catholica medii et recentoris aevi sive Summorum Pontificum, S.R.E. cardinalium ecclesiarum antistitum series. Edited by Guilelmus van Gulik, Conradus Eubel, Ludovicus Schmitz-Kallenberg, Remigius Ritzler, and Pirminus Sefrin. 8 vols. Munich: Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913-1978. Reprint edition: Padua: Il Messaggero di S. Antonio, 1960-1982, VIII, p. 50, n. 35.

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