The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Cardinal non-electors

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Pope Paul VI by his motu proprio Ingravescentem aetatem, dated November 21, 1970, substantially modified the electoral power of the cardinals. The document stipulated that cardinals older than eighty years were deprived of their right to elect the pope and to participate in the conclave. When this provision went into effect on January 1, 1971, twenty-five cardinals lost their electoral rights. This regulation was later reaffirmed by his apostolic constitution Romano Pontifici eligendo of October 1, 1975 and by Pope John Paul II's apostolic constitution Universi Dominici Gregis of February 22, 1996.

As of July 27, 2014, the cardinals who do not have the right to participate in the conclave are 94, of which 2 were created by Pope Paul VI; 73 by Pope John Paul II; 16 by Pope Benedict XVI; and 3 by Pope Francis. Following is the list of cardinal non-electors arranged by the year in which they were born.

1915
Loris Francesco Capovilla

1916
Fiorenzo Angelini

1918
Giovanni Canestri

1920
Nasrallah Pierre Sfeir

1921
Roberto Tucci, S.J.
Paulo Evaristo Arns, O.F.M.
Carlo Furno

1922
Georges-Marie-Martin Cottier, O.P.
Gilberto Agustoni
Roger Etchegaray

1923
Jorge María Mejía
Albert Vanhoye, S.J.
Henryk Roman Gulbinowicz
Achille Silvestrini
Edward Bede Clancy

1924
Ján Chryzostom Korec, S.J.
Silvano Piovanelli
Jozef Tomko
Alexandre José María dos Santos, O.F.M.
Edward Idris Cassidy
Serafim Fernandes de Araújo

1925
Alexandre do Nascimento
Francisco Álvarez Martínez
Andrea Cordero Lanza di Montezemolo
José Freire Falcão
Prosper Grech, O.S.A.
Giovanni Coppa

1926
José Manuel Estepa Llaurens
Miguel Obando Bravo, S.D.B.
Estanislao Esteban Karlic
Desmond Connell
Agostino Cacciavillan
Marian Jaworski
William Wakefield Baum
Emmanuel Wamala
Jorge Arturo Medina Estévez

1927
Eduardo Martínez Somalo
László Paskai, O.F.M.
Franciszek Macharski
Edmund Casimir Szoka
Angelo Sodano

1928
Friedrich Wetter
Karl Josef Becker, S.J.
Elio Sgreccia
Giacomo Biffi

1929
Walter Brandmüller
Michael Michai Kitbunchu
Darío Castrillón Hoyos
Fernando Sebastián Aguilar, C.M.F.

1930
Adam Joseph Maida
Thomas Stafford Williams
Julián Herranz Casado
Theodore Edward McCarrick
Paul Poupard
Salvatore De Giorgi
Christian Wyghan Tumi
Jānis Pujats

1931
Bernard Panafieu
Ricardo Jamin Vidal
Camillo Ruini
William Henry Keeler
Sergio Sebastiani
Lucian Mureşan
Bernard Francis Law
Adrianus Johannes Simonis
Nicholas Cheong Jin-Suk

1932
José Saraiva Martins, C.M.F.
Joseph Zen Ze-Kiun, S.D.B.
Edward Michael Egan
Miloslav Vlk
Henri Schwery
James Francis Stafford
Gaudencio Borbon Rosales
Cormac Murphy-O'Connor
Pedro Rubiano Sáenz
Francis Arinze
Renato Raffaele Martino
Eusébio Oscar Scheid, S.C.I.

1933
Javier Lozano Barragán
Kelvin Edward Felix
Lubomyr Husar, M.S.U.
Walter Kasper
Severino Poletto
Juan Sandoval Íñiguez
Godfried Danneels
Francisco Javier Errázuriz Ossa, Institute of the Fathers of Schönstatt
Raffaele Farina, S.D.B.
Geraldo Majella Agnelo
Joachim Meisner

1934
Raúl Eduardo Vela Chiriboga
Giovanni Battista Re
Jean Baptiste Phạm Minh Mẫn
Dionigi Tettamanzi
Francesco Monterisi</P>

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