The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Cardinals elected to the papacy (498-2013)

Except for non-cardinals, the first date is the year of their cardinalitial creation.

5th Century

Simmaco (ca. 496) - Symmachus (498-614)
Lorenzo (494) - [Antipope] Laurentius (498-499; 502-506)

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6th Century

Ormisda (before 514) - Hormisdas (514-523)
Giovanni (495) - John I (523-526)
Felice (515) - Felix IV (III) (526-530)
Bonifacio (before 530) - Boniface II (530-532)
Diosocorus (before 530) - [Antipope] Dioscorus (530)
Mercurio (before 532) - John II (533-535)
Agapito (530) - Agapetus I (535-536)
Silverius (536-537) - He was not a cardinal
Vigilio (before 530) - Vigilius (537-555)
Pelagio (544) - Pelagius I (556-561)
Giovanni (560) - John III (561-574)
Benedict I (575-579) - He was not a cardinal
Pelagius II (579-590) - He was not a cardinal
Gregory I (590-604) - He was not a cardinal

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7th Century

Sabiniano (590) - Sabinianus (604-606)
Bonifacio (590) - Boniface III (607)
Bonifacio (591) - Bonifacio (604) - Boniface IV (608-615)
Deusdedit (590) - Adeodatus I (615-618)
Bonifacio (619) - Boniface V (619-625)
Honorius I (625-638) - He was not a cardinal
Severino (before 640) - Severinus (640)
Giovanni (636) - John IV (640-642)
Theodorus (before 642) - Theodore I (642-649)
Martino (649) - Martin I (649-655)
Eugenio (before 655) - Eugenius I (654-657)
Vitaliano (before 655) - Vitalian (657-672)
Adeodatus II (672-676) - He was not a cardinal
Dono (before 676) - Donus (676-678)
Agatone (676) - Agatho (678-681)
Leone (680) - Leo II (682-683)
Benedetto (681) - Benedict II (684-685)
Giovanni (680) - John V (685-686)
Conone (683) - Conon (686-687)
Teodoro (ca. 680) - [Antipope] Theodore (687)
Pasquale (unknown date between 686 and 687) - [Antipope] Paschal (687)
Sergio (683) - Sergius I (687-701)

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8th Century

Giovanni (700) - John VI (701-705)
Giovanni (unknown date between 701-705) - John VII (705-707)
Sisinnius (before 707) - Sisinnius (708)
Constantinus (before 708) - Constantinus (708-715)
Gregorio (unknown date between 708 and 715) - Gregory II (715-731)
Gregorio (726) - Gregory III (731-741)
Zaccaria (732) - Zacharias (741-752)
Stefano (745) - Stephen (II) (752)
Stefano (before 750) - Stephen II (III) (752-757)
Paolo (before 750) - Paul I (757-767)
[Antipope] Constantine (767-768) - He was a layman
Filippo (761) - [Antipope] Philip (768)
Stefano (761) - Stephen III (IV) (768-772)
Adriano (770) - Adrian I (772-795)

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9th Century

Leone (unknown date between 772 and 795) - Leo III (795-816)
Stefano (815) - Stephen IV (V) (816-817)
Pasquale (796) - Paschal I (817-824)
Eugenio (816) - Eugenius II (824-827)
Valentino (820) - Valentine (827)
Gregorio, O.S.B.Fossano (797) - Gregory IV (827-844)
Giovanni - John [Antipope] (844) - He was not a cardinal
Sergio (unknown date between 817 and 824) - Sergius II (844-847)
Leone (844) - Leo IV (847-855)
Benedetto (853) - Benedict III (855-858)
Anastasio (847) - Anastasius III [Antipope] (855)
Niccolò (853) - Nicholas I the Great (858-867)
Adriano (842) - Adrian II (867-872)
Giovanni (867) - John VIII (872-882)
Marino (880) - Marinus I (882-884)
Adriano (unknown date between 882- 884) - Adrian III (884-885)
Stefano (882) - Stephen V (VI) (885-891)
Formoso (864) -Formosus (891-896)
Bonifacio (unknown date between 891-896) - Boniface VI (896)
Stefano (unknown date between 891-896) - Stephen VI (VII) (896-897)
Romano (867) - Romanus (897)
Teodoro (unknown date between 891-896) - Theodore II (897)
Giovanni, O.S.B. (unknown date between 891-896) - John IX (898-900)

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10th Century

Benedict IV (900-903) - He was not a cardinal
Leone (898) - Leo V (903)
Cristoforo (ca. 900) - Christopher [Antipope] (903-904)
Sergio (unknown date between 885 and 891) - Sergius III (904-911)
Anastasio (unknown date between 904 and 911) - Anastasius III (911-913)
Landone (unknown date between 904 and 911) - Lando (913-914)
Giovanni (907) - John X (914-928)
Leone (unknown date between 914 and 928) - Leo VI (928-928/929)
Stefano (unknown date between 928 and 929) - Stephen VII (VIII) (929-931)
Giovanni (unknown date between 928 and 929) - John XI (931-936)
Leone (unknown date between 931 and 936) - Leo VII (936-939)
Stefano (unknown date between 936 and 939) - Stephen VIII (IX) (939-942)
Marino (unknown date between 939 and 942) - Marinus II (942-946)
Agapito (unknown date between 942 and 946) - Agapetus II (946-956)
Ottaviano (unknown date between 942 and 946) - John XII (955-964)
Leo VIII (963-965) - He was not a cardinal
Benedetto, called Grammatico (961) - Benedict V (964)
Giovanni (964) - John XIII (965-972)
Benedetto (972) - Benedict VI (973-974)
Benedetto (972) - Benedict VII (974-983)
Francone (972) - Boniface VII [Antipope] (974)
Pietro Canepanova (981) - John XIV (983-984)
Giovanni (unknown date) - John XV (985) - not recognized as pope because he died before consecration
Francone (972) - Boniface VII (984-985) (second time)
Giovanni (unknown date) - John XV (985-996)
Brun von Kärnten (995) - Gregory V (996-999)
Giovanni Filagato (996) - John XVI [Antipope] (997-998)
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11th Century

Gerbert, O.S.B. (998) - Sylvester II (999-1003)
Fasano (1000) - John XVIII (1003-1009)
Pietro (Boccapecora), O.S.B. (1004) - Sergius IV (1009-1012)
Teofilatto (1001) - Benedict VIII (1012-1024)
Gregory (VI?) [Antipope] (1012) - He was not a cardinal
Romano (unknown date) - John XIX (1024-1032)
Teofilatto (unknown date) - Benedict IX (1032-1044)
Giovanni (1044) - Sylvester III (1045-1046)
Teofilatto (unknown date) - Benedict IX (1045) (second time)
Giovanni Graziano (ca. 1012) - Gregory VI (1045-1046)
Suidger von Morsleben und Hornburg (996?) - Clement II (1046-1047)
Teofilatto (unknown date) - Benedict IX (1047-1048) (third time)
Damasus II (1048) - He was not a cardinal
Leo IX (1049-1054) - He was not a cardinal
Victor II (1055-1057) - He was not a cardinal
Frédéric de Lorraine, O.S.B.Cas. (1049) - Stephen IX (X) (1057-1058)
Giovanni Mincius (1050) - Benedict X [Antipope] (1058-1059)
Nicholas II (1058-1061) - He was not a cardinal
Alexander II (1061-1073) - He was not a cardinal
Ildebrando, O.S.B. (1059) - Gregory VII (1073-1085)
[Antipope] Clement III (1080-1100) - He was not a cardinal
Desiderio, O.S.B.Cas. (1059) - Victor III (1086-1087)
Eudes de Lagery, O.S.B.Clun. (1073) - Urban II (1088-1099)

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12th Century

Raniero, O.S.B.Clun. (1073) - Paschal II (1099-1118)
Teodorico, O.S.B. (1095) - [Antipope] Theodoric (1100-1101)
Alberto, O.S.B. (1100) - [Antipope] Albert (1101)
Maginulfo (no date found) - [Antipope] Sylvester IV (1105-1111)
Giovanni da Gaeta, O.S.B.Cas. (ca. 1088) - Gelasius II (1118-1119)
[Antipope] Gregory VIII (1118-1121) - He was not a cardinal
Callistus II (1119-1124) - He was not a cardinal
Teobaldo Boccapecora (1122) - Celestine II (1124)
Lamberto Scannabecchi, Can. Reg. of Saint Augustine (1099) - Honorius II (1124-1130)
Gregorio Papareschi, seniore, Can. Reg. Lat. (1088) - Innocent II (1130-1143)
Pietro Pierleoni (1106) - [Antipope] Anacletus II (1130-1138)
Gregorio Conti (1122) - [Antipope] Victor IV (1138)
Guido di Castello (1127) - Celestine II (1143-1144)
Gerardo Caccianemici dell'Orso, Can. Reg. of S. Maria di Reno (1122) - Lucius II (1144-1145)
Eugenius III (1145-1153) - He was not a cardinal
Corrado di Suburra, Can. Reg. Lat. (1127) - Anastasius IV (1153-1154)
Nicholas Breakspear, Can. Reg. of Saint-Ruf of Avignon (1146) - Adrian IV (1154-1159)
Rolando Bandinelli, Can.Reg. Lat. (1150) - Alexander III (1159-1181)
Ottaviano de' Monticelli (1138) - [Antipope] Victor IV (1159-1164)
Guido da Crema (1150) - [Antipope] Paschal III (1164-1168)
János Struma, O.S.B. (1159) - [Antipope] Callistus III (1168-1178)
Lando (1150) - [Antipope] Innocent III (1179-1180)
Ubaldo Allucingoli, O.Cist. (1141) - Lucius III (1181-1185)
Uberto Crivelli (1173) - Urban III (1185-1187)
Alberto de Morra, Can. Reg. Prem. of Saint-Martin of Laon (1155) - Gregory VIII (1187)
Paolo Scolari (1179) - Clement III (1187-1191)
Giacinto Bobone (1144) - Celestine III (1191-1198)

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13th Century

Lotario dei conti di Segni (1190) - Innocent III (1198-1216)
Cencio (1193) - Honorius III (1216-1227)
Ugolino dei conti di Segni (1198) - Gregory IX (1227-1241)
Goffredo Castiglioni (1227) - Celestine IV (1241)
Sinibaldo Fieschi (1227) - Innocent IV (1243-1254)
Rinaldo Conti Segni (1227) - Alexander IV (1254-1261)
Urban IV (1261-1264) - He was not a cardinal
Gui Foucois (1261) - Clement IV (1265-1268)
Gregory X (1271-1276) - He was not a cardinal
Pierre de Tarentaise, O.P. (1273) - Innocent V (1276)
Ottobono Fieschi (1251) - Adrian V (1276)
Joâo Pedro Juliâo (1273) - John XXI (1276-1277)
Giovanni Gaetano Orsini (1244) - Nicholas III (1277-1280)
Simon de Brion (1261) - Martin IV (1281-1285)
Giacomo Savelli (1261) - Honorius IV (1285-1287)
Girolamo Masci, O.F.M. (1278) - Nicholas IV (1288-1292)
Celestine V (1294) - He was not a cardinal
Benedetto Caetani, iuniore (1281) - Boniface VIII (1294-1303)

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14th Century

Niccolò Boccasini, O.P. (1298) - Benedict XI (1303-1304)
Clement V (1305-1314) - He was not a cardinal
Jacques d'Euse (1312) - John XXII (1316-1334)
[Antipope] Nicholas V (1328-1333) - He was not a cardinal
Jacques Fournier, O.Cist. (1327) - Benedict XII (1334-1342)
Pierre Roger (1338) - Clement VI (1342-1352)
Étienne Aubert (1342) - Innocent VI (1352-1362)
Urban V (1362-1370) - He was not a cardinal
Pierre Roger de Beaufort (1348) - Gregory XI (1370-1378)
Urban VI (1378-1389) - He was not a cardinal
Robert de Genève (1371) - [Antipope] Clement VII (1378-1394)
Pietro Tomacelli (1381) - Boniface IX (1389-1404)

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15th Century

Pedro Martínez de Luna y Pérez de Gotor (1375) - [Antipope] Benedict XIII (1394-1423)
Cosmato Gentile de' Migliorati (1389) - Innocent VII (1404-1406)
Angelo Correr (1405) - Gregory XII (1406-1415)
Pietro Filargis, O.F.M. (1405) - [Antipope] Alexander V (1409-1410)
Baldassare Cossa (1402) - [Antipope] John XXIII (1410-1415)
Oddone Colonna (1405) - Martin V (1417-1431)
[Antipope] Clement VIII (1423-1429) - He was not a cardinal
[Antipope] Benedict XIV (1425-1430?)- He was not a cardinal
Jean Carrier (1423) - [Antipope] Benedict XIV-II (1430-1437)
Gabriele Condulmer (1408) - Eugenius IV (1431-1447)
Amedeo di Savoie (1449) - [Antipope] Felix V (1439-1449) - He was not a cardinal when elected
Tommaso Parentucelli (1446) - Nicholas V (1447-1455)
Alfonso de Borja (1444) - Callistus III (1455-1458)
Enea Silvio Piccolomini (1456) - Pius II (1458-1464)
Pietro Barbo (1440) - Paul II (1464-1471)
Francesco della Rovere, O.F.M.Conv. (1467) - Sixtus IV (1471-1484)
Giovanni Battista Cibo (1473) - Innocent VIII (1484-1492)
Rodrigo de Borja y Borja (1456) - Alexander VI (1492-1503)

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16th Century

Francesco Todeschini-Piccolomini (1460) - Pius III (1503)
Giuliano della Rovere (1471) - Julius II (1503-1513)
Giovanni de' Medici (1489) - Leo X (1513-1521)
Adriaan Florenszoon Dedel (1517) - Adrian VI (1522-1523)
Giulio de' Medici (1513) - Clement VII (1523-1534)
Alessandro Farnese, seniore (1493) - Paul III (1534-1549)
Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte (1536) - Julius III (1550-1555)
Marcello Cervini (1539) - Marcellus II (1555)
Gian Pietro Carafa (1536) - Paul IV (1555-1559)
Giovanni Angelo de' Medici (1549) - Pius IV (1559-1565)
Michele Ghislieri, O.P. (1557) - Pius V (1566-1572)
Ugo Boncompagni (1565) - Gregory XIII (1572-1585)
Felice Peretti Montalto, O.F.M.Conv. (1570) - Sixtus V (1585-1590)
Giambattista Castagna (1583) - Urban VII (1590)
Niccolò Sfondrati (1583) - Gregory XIV (1590-1591)
Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti de Nuce, seniore (1583) - Innocent IX (1591)
Ippolito Aldobrandini, seniore (1585) - Clement VIII (1592-1605)

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17th Century

Alessandro Ottaviano de' Medici (1582) - Leo XI (1605)
Camillo Borghese (1596) - Paul V (1605-1621)
Alessandro Ludovisi (1616) - Gregory XV (1621-1623)
Maffeo Barberini (1606) - Urban VIII (1623-1644)
Giambattista Pamphilj (1627) - Innocent X (1644-1655)
Fabio Chigi (1652) - Alexander VII (1655-1667)
Giulio Rospigliosi (1657) - Clement IX (1667-1669)
Emilio Bonaventura Altieri (1669) - Clement X (1670-1676)
Benedetto Odescalchi (1645) - Innocent XI (1676-1689)
Pietro Vito Ottoboni (1652) - Alexander VIII (1689-1691)
Antonio Pignatelli (1681) - Innocent XII (1691-1700)

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18th Century

Gianfrancesco Albani (1690) - Clement XI (1700-1721)
Michelangelo Conti (1706) - Innocent XIII (1721-1724)
Vincenzo Maria Orsini, O.P. (1672) - Benedict XIII (1724-1730)
Lorenzo Corsini (1706) - Clement XII (1730-1740)
Prospero Lorenzo Lambertini (1726) - Benedict XIV (1740-1758)
Carlo Rezzonico, seniore (1737) - Clement XIII (1758-1769)
Lorenzo Ganganelli, O.F.M.Conv. (1759) - Clement XIV (1769-1774)
Giovanni Angelo Braschi (1773) - Pius VI (1775-1799)

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19th Century

Gregorio Barnaba Chiaramonti, O.S.B.Cas. (1785) - Pius VII (1800-1823)
Annibale della Genga (1816) - Leo XII (1823-1829)
Francesco Saverio Castiglioni (1816) - Pius VIII (1829-1830)
Mauro Alberto Cappellari, O.S.B.Cam. (1825) - Gregory XVI (1831-1846)
Giovanni Maria Mastai Ferretti (1839) - Pius IX (1846-1878)
Gioacchino Pecci (1853) - Leo XIII (1878-1903)

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20th Century

Giuseppe Sarto (1893) - Pius X (1903-1914)
Giacomo della Chiesa (1914) - Benedict XV (1914-1922)
Achille Ratti (1921) - Pius XI (1922-1939)
Eugenio Pacelli (1929) - Pius XII (1939-1958)
Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli (1953) - John XXIII (1958-1963)
Giovanni Battista Montini (1958) - Paul VI (1963-1978)
Albino Luciani (1973) - John Paul I (1978)
Karol Wojtyła (1967) - John Paul II (1978-2005)

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21st Century

Joseph Ratzinger (1977) - Benedict XVI (2005-2013)
Jorge Mario Bergoglio, S.J. (2001) - Francis (2013-

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