The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Members of Religious Orders (590-2012)


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The list includes the names of the religious cardinals, the position they occupied at the time of their cardinalitial creation and the year of their creation.

Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines - O.S.B.)      (170)

Pietro (590)
Anastasio (752) (O.S.B. Cassinese)
Gregorio (797) (Pope Gregory II) (O.S.B.Fossano)
Leone (844) (Pope Leo IV)
Gauderico, bishop of Velletri (867) (O.S.B. Cassinesse)
Giovanni (880)
Giovanni (unknown date between 891-896) (Pope John IX)
Leone (unknown date between 931 and 936) (Pope Leo VII)
Hadamar, abbot of the monastery of Fulda (946)
Werinhar, abbot of the monastery of Fulda (982)
Adalbéron d'Ardenne, archbishop of Reims, France (unknown date between 985-996)
Giovanni Filagato, archbishop of Piacenza (996) (Antipope John XVI)
Gerbert, O.S.B. (998) (Pope Sylvester II)
Pietro (Boccapecora), bishop of Albano (1004) (Pope Sergius IV)
Vernerio (1012)
Gregorio, abbot of the monastery of Ss. Cosma e Damiano ad Micam auream, Rome (1034)
Hugo Candidus (1049)
Mainardo (1049) (O.S.B. Cassinese)
Étienne (1049) (O.S.B. Cluniacense)
Frédéric de Lorraine (1049) (O.S.B. Cassinese) (Pope Stephen IX (X))
Humbert (1051)
Pietro Damiano, abbot of the monastery of Fontavellana, Gubbio (1058) (O.S.B. Camaldolese)
Pietro Alberini (1058) (O.S.B. Cassinese)
Alberico, seniore (1058) (O.S.B. Cassinese)
Ildebrando, O.S.B. (1059) (Pope Gregory VII)
Oderisio, O.S.B. (1059) (O.S.B. Cassinese)
Leone (1061)
Adimaro (1062) (O.S.B. Cassinese)
Teodino Sanseverino, deacon of the Lateran patriarchate (1062) (O.S.B. Cassinese)
Bernard de Milhau (1065)
Pietro Atenolfo, abbot of the monastery of S. Benedetto, Salerno (1065) (O.S.B. Cassinese)
Gerhard, bishop of Ostia (1067) (O.S.B. Cluniacense)
Alberto (1070)
Pietro Igneo Aldobrandini, bishop of Albano (1072) (O.S.B.Vallombrosana)
Guitmond (1072)
Eudes de Lagery, prior of the monastery of Cluny (1073) (O.S.B. Cluniacense) (Pope Urban II)
Raniero, abbot of the monastery of Ss. Lorenzo and Stefano fuori le mura, Rome (1073) (O.S.B. Cluniacense) (Pope Paschal II)
Éven, abbot of the monastery of Saint-Mélaine in Rennes, France (1073)
Richard de Milhau, abbot of the monastery of S. Paolo fuori le Mura, Rome (1078)
Nicola (pseudocardinal priest 1080/1100)
Gebizo, bishop of Cesena (1084)
Odon de Châtillon (1088) (O.S.B. Cluniacense)
Amico, abbot of the monastery of S. Lorenzo fuori le mura, Rome (1088)
Gregorio, abbot of the monastery of Subiaco (1088)
Giovanni da Gaeta, chancellor of the Holy Roman Church (1088) (O.S.B. Cassinese) (Pope Gelasius II)
Rangier (1091)
Geoffroy (1094)
Bernardo degli Uberti (1097) (O.S.B.Vallombrosana)
Amico, abbot of S. Vincenzo al Volturno, Capua (1099) (O.S.B. Cassinese)
Giovanni (1099)
Guido (1099)
Pandolfo (1099) (O.S.B.Cassinese)
Gualon (1099) (O.S.B. Cluniacense)
Gregorio, abbot of Ss. Andrea e Gregorio in clivo Scauri, Rome (1099)
Pietro (1100) (O.S.B.Cas.)
Alberto (1100) (Antipope Alberto)
Riccardo (1101)
Leone (1105) (O.S.B.Cassinese)
Roscemanno Sanseverino (1106) (O.S.B. Cassinese)
Pietro Pierleoni (1106) (O.S.B. Cluniacense)
Oderisio (1112) (O.S.B. Cassinese)
Giovanni (1114) (O.S.B. Cassinese)
Leone, abbot of the monastery of S. Clemente (1115)
Amico, iuniore, abbot of the monastery of S. Lorenzo fuori le Mura, Rome (1117) (O.S.B. Cassinese)
Errico, abbot of the monastery of Mazzara (1117)
Pons de Melgueil, abbot of Cluny (1120) (O.S.B. Cluniacense)
Gilles of Paris (1121) (O.S.B.Cluniacense)
Mathieu (1126) (O.S.B. Cluniacense)
Giovanni, abbot general of the order (1126) (O.S.B. Camaldolese)
Adinolfo, abbot of the monastery of S. Maria de Farfa (1130)
Lucio Boezio (1130) (O.S.B.Vallombrosana)
Pietro (1130) (pseudocardinal) (O.S.B.Cassinese)
Pietro, abbot of S. Apollinare, Rome (1133) (O.S.B. Cassinese)
Drogon (1134)
Chrysogone (1134)
Albéric, abbot of the monastery of Vézelay (1138) (O.S.B.Cluniacense)
Rainaldo di Collemezzo, abbot of the monastery of Monte Cassino (1140) (O.S.B. Cassinese)
Hugues de Foliet, prior of Saint-Laurent au Bois, Amiens (1140)
Imar, abbot general of the order (1142)
Bernard (1146) (O.S.B.Cassinese)
Sylvester, abbot of the monastery of Subiaco (1150)
Jean, abbot of the monastery of Déols, Bourges, France (1150) (O.S.B.Cluniacense)
Boso Breakspear (1155)
Simone, abbot of Subiaco (1158)
Manfredo (1163)
Oderisio, abbot of S. Giovanni in Venere, Lanciano (1163) (O.S.B.Cassinese)
Benerede, abbot of St-Crépin, Soissons, France (1164)
Teodino degli Atti (1164)
Vitellio, abbot (1164)
János Struma, bishop of Albano (pseudocardinal bishop 1163/1168) (O.S.B.Vallombrosana)
Teodino, abbot of Monte Cassino (1165) (O.S.B.Cassinese)
Giovanni, abbot of the monastery of S. Sofia in Benevento (1168)
Rainaldo, bishop-elect of Gaeta (1168) (O.S.B. Cassinese)
Leonato, abbot of the monastery of S. Clemente in Cassaure (1170)
Thibaud, abbot of Cluny (1171) (O.S.B.Cluniacense)
Gandolfo, abbot S. Sisto, Piacenza (1176)
Pietro da Pavia (1178)
Rogerio (1178) (O.S.B.Cassinese)
Rolando, bishop of Dol, Bretagne, France (1185)
Gandolfo, abbot of the monastery of S. Sisto, Piacenza (1186)
Rinaldo (1191)
Giovanni di Salerno (1191) (O.S.B.Cassinese)
Giovanni di San Paolo, abbot of the monastery of S. Paolo fuori le Mura, Rome (1193)
Roffredo dell'Isola, abbot of the monastery of Monte Cassino (1191)
Pietro Campano (1216) (O.S.B.Cassinese)
Pietro (1207) (O.S.B.Cassinese)
Paio Galvão (1205)
Jean Halgrin, patriarch of Constantinople (1227) (O.S.B.Cluniacense)
Guillaume de Talliante, abbot of the monastery of San Facundo, León, Spain (1244) (O.S.B.Cluniacense)
Tesauro dei Beccheria, abbot general of the order (1255) (O.S.B.Vallombrosana)
Riccardo di Montecassino, abbot of the monastery of Montecassino (1255/1256)
Bernard Ayglier, abbot of Monte Cassino (1265/1268)
Bertrand de Saint-Martin, archbishop of Arles, France (1273)
Simon d'Armentières (1294) (O.S.B.Cluniacense)
Pietro de L'Aquila, bishop elect of Valva-Sulmona (1294)
Raymond, abbot of Saint-Sever, diocese of Aire, France (1312)
Pierre Arnaud de Puyanne, abbot of the monastery of Sainte-Croix of Bordeaux, France (1305)
Pilfort de Rabastens, bishop of Rieux, France (1320)
Pierre Roger, archbishop of Rouen, France (1338)
Guillaume d'Aure, abbot of the monastery of Montolieu, France (1338)
Hugues Roger, bishop elect of Tulle, France (1342)
Gilles Rigaud, abbot of the monastery of Saint-Denis in France (1350)
Androin de la Roche, abbot of Cluny (1361)
Élie de Saint-Yrieix, bishop of Uzès, France (1356)
Pierre d'Estaing, archbishop of Bourges, France (1370)
Pierre de Banacbishop of Castres, France (1368)
Simon Langham archbishop of Canterbury, England (1368)
Guillaume d'Aigrefeuille, iuniore, dean of the cathedral chapter of Clermont, France, and protonotary apostolic (1367) (O.S.B.Cluniacense)
Pierre de La Jugié, archbishop of Rouen, France (O.S.B.Cluniacense) (1375)
Jean de La Grange, bishop of Amiens, France (1375)
Gérard du Puy, abbot of Marmoutier, diocese of Tours, France (O.S.B.Cluniacense) (1375)
Guillaume de Chanac, bishop of Mende, France (1371)
Jean de la Tour d'Auvergne, abbot of the monastery of Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire (1371) (O.S.B.Cluniacense)
Angelo d'Anna de Sommariva (1384) (O.S.B.Camaldolese)
Adam Easton (1381)
Pierre de Cros, archbishop of Toulouse, France (1383) (pseudocardinal)
Faydit d'Aigreffeuille, bishop of Avignon, France (1383) (pseudocardinal)
Pierre Aycelin de Montaigut, bishop of Laon, France (1383) (pseudocardinal)
Pierre Amiel de Sarcenas, archbishop of Embrun, France (1378) (pseudocardinal)
Vicente de Ribas, prior of the monastery of Santa María de Montserrat, ambassador in Rome of Martín el Viejo, king of Aragón (1408)
François de Meez, bishop of Geneva (1440) (pseudocardinal)
Bernard de La Planche, bishop of Dax (1440) ) (pseudocardinal)
Niccolò Tedeschi, archbishop of Palermo (1440) (pseudocardinal)
Giovanni de Primis , abbot of the monastery of S. Paolo fuori le Mura, Rome (1446) (O.S.B.Cassinese)
Louis de La Palud, bishop of Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne (1449)
Guillaume d'Estaing, archdeacon of Metz (1444)
Jean Jouffroy, bishop of Arras (1461) (O.S.B.Cluniacense)
Cosma Orsini, archbishop of Trani (1480)
Maffeo Ghirardi (O.S.B.Camaldolese) (1489)
Jean Bilhères de Lagraulas (1493)
Antoine Bohier Du Prat, archbishop of Bourges, France (1517)
Philippe de la Chambre, abbot of Saint-Pierre-de-Corbie, France (1533)
Gregorio Cortese, of the congregation of S. Giustino de Padua (1542)
Anne de Pérusse d'Escars de Giury, bishop of Lisieux, France (1596)
Bernhard Gustave von Baden-Durlach, abbot of Fulda (1671)
José Sáenz de Aguirre (1686)
Celestino Sfondrati (1695)
Bernardo Maria Conti, former bishop of Terracina (1721) (O.S.B.Cassinese)
Angelo Quirini, archbishop of Corfu (1726) (O.S.B.Cassinese)
Leandro di Porzia, bishop elect of Bergamo (1728) (O.S.B.Cassinese)
Fortunato Tamburini, abbot of S. Paolo extra Muros, Rome (1743) (O.S.B.Cassinese)
Andrea Gioannetti, archbishop of Bologna (1777) (O.S.B.Camaldolese)
Gregorio Barnaba Chiaramonti, bishop of Tivoli (1785) (O.S.B.Cassinese) (Pope Pius VII)
Michelangelo Luchi, abbot of the order (1801) (O.S.B.Cassinese)
Giacinto Placido Zurla (1823) (O.S.B.Camaldolese)
Mauro Cappellari, procurator general of the order (1825) (O.S.B.Camaldolese) (Pope Gregory XVI)
Remigio Crescini, bishop of Parma (1829) (O.S.B.Cassinese)
Ambrogio Bianchi, abbot general of the order (1835) (O.S.B.Camaldolese)
Francisco de São Luiz Saraiva, patriarch of Lisbon, Portugal (1843)
Jean-Baptiste-François Pitra (1863)
Mariano Falcinelli Antoniacci, titular archbishop of Athens, nuncio in Austria (1873) (O.S.B.Cassinese)
Guglielmo Sanfelice D'Aquavilla, archbishop of Naples (1884) (O.S.B.Cassinese)
Michelangelo Celesia, archbishop of Palermo (1884) (O.S.B.Cassinese)
Cölestin Ganglbauer, archbishop of Vienna, Austria (1884)
Placido Maria Schiaffino, titular archbishop of Nissa, secretary of the S.C. of Bishops and Regulars (1885) (O.S.B.Olivetans)
Giuseppe Benedetto Dusmet, archbishop of Catania, Sicily (1889) (O.S.B.Cassinese)
Kolos Ferenc Vaszary, archbishop of Esztergom, Hungary (1893) (O.S.B.Hungarica)
Domenico Serafini, titular archbishop of Seleucia Pieria, assessor of the Supreme S.C.of the Holy Office (1914)
Francis Aidan Gasquet, president of the English Benedictine Confederation (1914)
Jusztinian Györg Serédi, archbishop of Esztergom, Hungary (1927)
Alfredo Ildefonso Schuster, archbishop of Milan, Italy (1929)
Joaquín Anselmo María Albareda, prefect of the Vatican Library (1962)
Benno Walter Gut, primate abbot of the Benedictine Confederation (1967)
George Basil Hume, archbishop of Westminster, Great Britain (1976)
Paul Augustin Mayer, titular archbishop of Satriano, pro-prefect of the S.C. of Sacraments and Divine Worship (1985)
Hans Hermann Groër, archbishop of Vienna, Austria (1988)

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Order of Hermits of Saint Augustine (Augustinians - O.E.S.A.)      (15)

Nicola da Fabriano, provincial of the order and inquisitor (1328) (pseudocardinal)
Bonaventura Badoaro de Peraga, prior general of the order (1378)
Alessandro Oliva, prior general of the order (1460)
Raymund Pérault, bishop of Gurk (1493)
Egidio de Viterbo, superior general of the order (1517)
Girolamo Seripando, archbishop of Salerno (1561)
Gregorio Petrocchini, superior general of the order (1589)
Enrico Noris, curator of the Vatican Library (1695)
Gaspar de Molina y Oviedo, bishop of Málaga, Spain (1737)
Patrício da Silva, patriarch of Lisbon, Portugal (1824)
Tommaso Maria Martinelli (1873)
Luigi Sepiacci, titular bishop of Calinico, secretary of the S.C. of Bishops and Regulars (1891)
Agostino Ciasca, titular archbishop of Larissa, secretary of the S.C. of the Propagation of the Faith (1899)
Sebastiano Martinelli, titular archbishop of Efeso, apostolic delegate in the United States (1901)
Prosper Grech, professor emeritus of several Roman Universities and consultor of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (2012)

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Canons Regular of Saint Augustine (Augustinians - C.R.S.A.)      (20)

Conone (1073)
Lamberto Scannabecchi (1099) (Pope Honorius II)
Theodwin (1134)
Hugh de Saint-Victor, prior of the monastery of Saint-Victor, Paris (1139)
Jacques de Vitry, bishop of Acre, Syria (1228)
Guillaume de Mandagout, archbishop of Aix, France (1312)
Pierre Le Tessier, vice chancellor of the Holy Roman Church (1320)
Gil Álvarez de Albornoz, archbishop of Toledo, Spain (1350)
Raymond de Canilhac, archbishop of Toulouse, France (1350)
Arnaud de Villemur, bishop of Pamiers, France (1350)
Angelic de Grimoard, bishop of Avignon, France (1366)
Bertrand de Cosnac, bishop of Comminges, France (1371)
Pierre-Raymond de Barrière, bishop of Autun, France (1378) (pseudocardinal)
Amaury de Lautrec, bishop of Comminges, France (1385) (pseudocardinal)
Pierre Ravat, archbishop of Toulouse, France (1408) (pseudocardinal)
Philip Repington, bishop of Lincoln, England (1408)
Antonio Correr, bishop of Bologna (1408)
Gabriele Condulmer, bishop of Siena (1408) (Pope Eugenius IV)
Domingo Ram i Lanaja, bishop of Lérida, Spain (1423)
João Cosme da Cunha, archbishop of Evora and inquisitor general of Portugal (1770)

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Congregation of the Clerics Regular of Saint Augustine (C.C.R.S.A.)      (1)

Friedrich Gustav Piffl, archbishop of Viena, Austria-Hungary (1914)

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Order of Monks of Saint Paul First Hermit (O.S.P.P.E.)      (1)

Georg Martinuzzi, bishop of Nagy Várad, Hungary (1551)

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Order of the Cistercians (O.Cist.)      (37)

Badouin (1130)
Luc (1130)
Martino (1132)
Étienne (1139)
Ubaldo Allucingoli (1141)
Konrad von Bayern (1142)
Hughes, abbot of the Trois-Fontaines Monastery, Châlos-sur-Marne, France (1150)
Errico Moricotti, abbot of the monastery of Ss. Vincenzo ed Atanasio, Rome (1150)
Bernard (1151)
Guglielmo Matengo (1155)
Henri de Marsiac, abbot of Clairvaux (1179)
Henri de Sully, archbishop of Bourges, France (1186)
Guy Paré, superior general of the order (1191)
Gérard Mainard, abbot of the monastery of Potigny, France (1188)
Giordano, abbot of the monastery of Fossanova (1188)
Raniero Capocci, abbot of the monastery of Tre Fontane, Rome (1216)
Stefano di Ceccano, abbot of the monastery of Fossanova (1212)
Gerardo da Sessa, archbishop of Milan (1211)
Gérard, abbot of Pontigny, France (1198)
Niccolò de Chiaramonte, bishop of Frascati (1219)
Konrad von Urach, bishop of Porto e S. Rufina (1219)
Giacomo Pecoraria (1231)
John of Toledo (1244)
Guy de Bourgogne, superior general of the order (1262)
Teobaldo di Ceccano, abbot of the monastery of Fossanova (1275)
Robert de Pontigny, 28th superior general of the order (1294)
Arnaud Nouvel, abbot of Fontfroide, Narbonne, France, vice-chancellor of the Holy Roman Church (1310)
Jacques Fournier, bishop of Mirapoix, France (1327)
Guillaume Court, bishop of Albi, France (1338)
Jean de Bussière, abbot of Cîteaux, France (1375)
Francesco Carbone, bishop of Monopoli (1384)
Juan Martínez de Murillo, abbot of monastery of Montearagón (1408) (pseudocardinal)
Jérôme Souchier, superior general of the order (1566)
Giovanni Bona, abbot (1669)
Giovanni Battista Gabrielli, abbot-general of the order (1699)
Gioacchino Besozzi, procurator general of the order (1743)
Orani João Tempesta, archbishop of Saõ Sebastiaõ do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (2014)

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Order of the Carthusians (O.Carth.)      (4)

Guglielmo di Modena, former bishop of Modena (1244)
Domingo de Bonnefoi, prior of the monastery of Montealegre, Tiana, near Barcelona (1423) (pseudocardinal)
Niccola Albergati, bishop of Bologna (1426)
Alphonse-Louis du Plessis de Richelieu, archbishop of Lyon, France (1629)

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Order of Canons Regular of Premontre (Premonstratensians or Norbertines - Praem.)

Johann von Bucka, bishop of Olomouc, administrator of Leitomischl and Prague (1426)

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Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans - O.F.M.)      (36)

Bonaventura, 7th general of the order (1273)
Bentivenga de Bentivengis, bishop of Todi. (1278)
Girolamo Masci, minister general of the order. (1278)
Matteo d'Acquasparta, 12th minister general of the order (1288)
Giovanni Minio da Morrovalle, minister general of his order (1302)
Gentile Partino, lector of theology in the Sacred Palace (1300)
Giacomo Tomassi-Caetani, former bishop of Alatri (1295)
Vital du Four, provincial of the order in Aquitaine, France (1312)
Bertrand de la Tour, archbishop of Salerno. (1320)
Paolo da Viterbo (pseudocardinal) (1328)
Élie de Nabinal, titular patriarch of Jerusalem (1342)
Pasteur de Sarrats, archbishop of Embrun, France (1350)
Fontanier de Vassal, patriarch of Grado (1361)
Guillaume Farinier, minister general of the order (1356)
Marco da Viterbo, minister general of the order (1366)
Bertrand Lagier, bishop of Glandèves, France (1371)
Ludovico Donato, minister general of the order (1381)
Bartolomeo de Coturno (1381)
Tommaso da Frignano, patriarch of Grado (1378)
Leonardo Rossi da Griffoni, 24th minister general of the order (1378) (pseudocardinal)
Bartolomeo Oleario, bishop of Florence (1386)
Pietro Filargis, archbishop of Milan (1405).
Pierre de Foix, le vieux, bishop of Lescar, France (1414) (pseudocardinal)
Francisco Quiñones, superior general of the order (1527)
Gregorio María Aguirre García, archbishop of Burgos, Spain (1907)
Diomede Falconio, titular archbishop of Larissa, apostolic delegate to the United States (1911)
Juan Landázuri Ricketts, archbishop of Lima, Perú (1962)
Ferdinando Giuseppe Antonelli, titular archbishop of Idicra, secretary of the S.C. for the Causes of the Saints (1973)
Paulo Evaristo Arns, archbishop of Sao Paulo, Brazil (1973)
Aloísio Lorscheider, archbishop of Fortaleza, Brazil (1976)
Alexandre Josê María dos Santos, archbishop of Maputo, Mozambique (1988)
László Paskai, archbishop of Esztergom, Hungary (1988)
Bernardino Echeverría Ruiz, archbishop emeritus of Guayaquil, Ecuador (1994)
Cláudio Hummes, archbishop of São Paulo, Brazil (2001)
Wilfrid Fox Napier, archbishop of Durban, South Africa (2001)
Carlos Amigo Vallejo, archbishop of Seville, Spain (2003)
Umberto Betti, former rector of the Pontifical Lateran University (2007)

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Order of Friars Minor Discalced (Franciscans - O.F.M.Disc.) *       (1)

José Sebastião Neto, O.F.M.Disc., patriarch of Lisbon, Portugal (1884)

* In 1897 it merged into the Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)

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Order of Friars Minor Observants (Franciscans - O.F.M.Obs.) *       (7)

Gabriele Rangone, archbishop of Eger (1477)
Hélie de Bourdeilles, archbishop of Tours (1483)
Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros, archbishop of Toledo, Spain (1507)
Cristoforo Numai, superior general of the order (1517)
Clemente d'Olera, superior general of the order (1557)
William Peto, bishop of Salisbury, England (1557)
Lorenzo Cozza, minister general of the order (1726)
Cirilo de Alameda y Brea, archbishop of Toledo, Spain (1858)

* In 1897 it merged into the Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)

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Order of Friars Minor Reformed (Franciscans - O.F.M.Ref.) *       (1)

Bonaventura Gazzola, bishop of Montefiascone e Corneto (1824)

* In 1897 it merged into the Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)

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Order of Friars Minor Capuchins (Franciscans - O.F.M.Cap.)      (10)

Anselmo Marzato (1604)
Antonio Barberini, seniore (1624)
Francesco Maria Casini (1712)
Ludovico Micara, master general of the order (1824)
Giusto Recanati (1853)
Guglielmo Massaia (1884)
Ignazio Persico, secretary of the S.C. of the Propagation of the Faith (1893)
José de Calasanz Santiago Vives y Tutó (1899)
Antonio María Barbieri, archbishop of Montevideo, Uruguay (1958)
Seán Patrick O'Malley, archbishop of Boston, United States of America (2006)

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Order of Friars Minor Conventuals (Franciscans - O.F.M.Conv.)       (11)

Francesco della Rovere, minister general of the order (1467) (Pope Sixtus IV)
Pietro Riario, bishop of Treviso (1471)
Clemente Grosso della Rovere, nephew of Pope Julius II, bishop of Mende, France (1503)
Marco Vigerio della Rovere, bishop of Senigallia, governor of Castello Sant'Angelo, Rome (1505)
Felice Peretti Montalto, bishop of Sant'Agata dei Goti (1570) (Pope Sixtus V)
Costanzo da Sarnano (1586)
Felice Centini, procurator general of the order (1611)
Francesco Brancati di Lauria (1681)
Lorenzo Ganganelli, consultor of the Supreme S.C. of the Roman and Universal Inquisition (1759) (Pope Clement XIV)
Antonio Francesco Orioli, bishop of Orvieto (1838)
Antonio Maria Panebianco, consultor of the SS.CC. of the Inquisition and of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs (1861)

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Order of Preachers (Dominicans - O.P.)      (68)

Hughes de Saint-Cher (1244)
Annibale d'Annibaldi (1262)
Pierre de Tarentaise, archbishop of Lyon, France (1273)
Latino Malabranca Orsini (1278)
Robert Kilwardby, archbishop of Canterbury, England (1278)
Hugues Aycelin de Billom (1288)
Niccolò Boccasini (1298), master general of the order
Niccolò Alberti, bishop of Spoleto (1303)
Walter Winterbourne (1304)
Thomas of Jorz, confessor of King Edward I of England (1305)
Nicolas de Fréauville (1305)
Guillaume Pierre Godin, master of the Sacred Palace (1312)
Matteo Orsini, archbishop of Manfredonia (1327)
Bonifazio Donoratico, bishop of Chiron, Crete (1328) (pseudocardinal)
Gérard de la Garde, master general of the order (1342)
Jean de Moulins, master general of the order (1350)
Nicolás Rossell, provincial prior and inquisitor in the province of Aragón, Spain (1356)
Guillaume de la Sudré, bishop of Marseille, France (1366)
Niccolò Caracciolo Moschino, inquisitor of the kingdom of Sicily (1378)
Filippo Ruffini, bishop of Tivoli (1378)
Nicolas de Saint Saturnin, master of the Sacred Palace (1378) (pseudocardinal)
Tommaso Clausse, inquisitor of the faith, confessor of Duke Amedeo di Savoia (1382) (pseudocardinal)
Giovanni Dominici, archbishop of Ragusa (1408)
Juan Casanova, bishop of Elne, France (1430)
Juan de Torquemada, master of the Sacred Palace (1439)
Giovanni di Ragusa, bishop of Ardjisch (1440) (pseudocardinal)
Tommaso Vio, superior general of the order (1517)
García de Loaysa y Mendoza, bishop of Osma, Spain (1530)
Nikolaus von Schönberg, archbishop of Capua (1535)
Juan Álvarez y Alva de Toledo, bishop of Burgos, Spain (1538)
Tommaso Badia, master of the Sacred Palace (1542)
Pietro Bertani, bishop of Fano (1551)
Michele Ghislieri, bishop of Nepi (1557) (Pope Pius V)
Michele Bonelli, grandnephew of Pope Pius V (1566)
Archangelo de' Bianchi, bishop of Teano (1570)
Vincenzo Giustiniani, superior general of the order (1570)
Girolamo Bernerio, bishop of Ascoli Piceno (1586)
Jeronimo Xavierre, master general of the order (1607)
Agostino Galamini, master general of the order (1611)
Desiderio Scaglia, commissary of the Holy Inquisition (1621)
Vincenzo Maculani, master of the Sacred Apostolic Palace (1641)
Michel Mazarin, archbishop of Aix, France (1647)
Domingo Pimentel Zúñiga, archbishop of Seville, Spain (1652)
Vincenzo Orsini de Gravina (1672) (Pope Benedict XIII)
Philip Thomas Howard of Norfolk (1675)
Raimondo Capizucchi, master of the Sacred Palace (1681)
Tommaso Maria Ferrari, master of the Sacred Palace (1695)
Agostino Pipia, master general of the order, bishop elect of Osimo (1724)
Gregorio Selleri, master of the Sacred Palace (1726)
Vincenzo Ludovico Gotti, titular patriarch elect of Jerusalem (1728)
Carlo Vincenzo Maria Ferreri Thaon, bishop of Alessandria (1729)
Luigi Maria Lucini, commissioner of the Supreme S.C. of the Roman and Universal Inquisition (1743)
Giuseppe Agostino Orsi, master of the Sacred Palace (1759)
Enrichetto Virginio Natta, bishop of Alba (1761)
Juan Tomás de Boxadors, master general of the order (1775)
Giuseppe Maria Velzi, master of the Sacred Palace (1832)
Francesco Gaude, procurator general of the order (1855)
Filippo Maria Guidi (1863)
Manuel García Gil, archbishop of Zaragoza, Spain (1877)
Tommaso Zigliara (1879)
Zeferino González y Díaz Tuñón, archbishop of Seville, Spain (1884)
Agostino Bausa, master of the Apostolic Palace (1887)
Egidio Mauri, archbishop of Ferrara, Italy (1894)
Raffaele Pierotti, master of the Sacred Palace (1896)
Andreas Frühwirth, titular archbishop of Eraclea di Europa, nuncio in Bavaria (1915)
Tommaso Pio Boggiani, titular archbishop of Edessa di Osröene, assessor of the S.C. Consistorial (1916)
Felix-Raymond-Marie Rouleau, archbishop of Quebec, Canada (1927)
Michael Browne, master general of the order (1962)
Paul-Pierre Philippe, titular archbishop of Eraclea Maggiore, secretary of the S.C. for the Doctrine of the Faith (1973)
Mario Luigi Ciappi, theologian of the Pontifical Household (1977)
Jean Jérôme Hamer, titular archbishop of Lorium, pro-prefect of the Congregation for Religious and Secular Institutes (1985)
Lucas Moreira Neves, archbishop of São Salvador da Bahia, Brazil (1988)
Yves-Marie-Joseph Congar (1994)
Christoph Schönborn, archbishop of Vienna, Austria (1998)
George-Marie-Martin Cottier, theologian of the Papal Household, secretary general of the International Theological Commission (2003)
Dominik Jaroslav Duka, archbishop of Prague, Czech Republic (2012)

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Order of the Most Holy Trinity (O.SS.T.)      (1)

Antonio Cerdà i Lloscos, archbishop of Messina (1448)

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Order of the Brothers of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Mount Carmel (Carmelites (Discalced) - O.Carm. or O.C.D.)       (7)

Giovanni Antonio Guadagni, bishop of Arezzo (1731)
Placido Maria Tadini, archbishop of Genoa, Italy (1835)
Joaquín Lluch y Garriga, archbishop of Seville, Spain (1882)
Girolamo Maria Gotti, titular archbishop of Petra, former internuncio in Brazil (1895)
Raffaele Carlo Rossi, titular archbishop of Tessalonica, assessor of the S.C. Consistorial (1930)
Adeodato Giovanni Piazza, patriarch of Venice, Italy (1937)
Anastasio Alberto Ballestrero, archbishop of Turin, Italy (1979)

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Order of Basilians of Aleppo of the Melkites (B.A.)      (1)

Gabriel Acacius Coussa, titular archbishop of Gerapoli di Siria, pro-secretary of the S.C. of the Oriental Church (1962)

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Order of the Celestines (O.Cel.)       (2)

Tommaso d'Ocre, abbot of S. Giovanni in Piano (1294)
Francesco Ronci (1294)

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Order of the Servants of Mary (Servites - O.S.M.)      (5)

Dionisio Laurerio, superior general of the order (1539)
Stefano Bonucci, bishop of Arezzo (1587)
Pietro Maria Pieri, superior general of the order (1734)
Carlo Francesco Caselli, titular archbishop of Side (1801)
Alexis-Henri-Marie Lépicier, titular archbishop of Tarso, apostolic vicar of Abyssinia and Eritrea (1927)

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Society of Jesus (Jesuits - S.J.)      (44)

Francisco de Toledo (1593)
Roberto Bellarmino (1599)
Péter Pázmány, archbishop of Esztergom, Hungary (1629) (1)
Jan Olbracht Wazy, bishop of Kraków, Poland (1629)
Juan de Lugo y de Quiroga (1643)
Jan Kazimierz Wazy (1646)
Francesco Maria Sforza Pallavicino (1657)
Johann Eberhard Nidhard (1671)
Giovanni Battista Tolomei (1712)
Giovanni Battista Salerni (1719)
Álvaro Cienfuegos Villazón (1720)
Niccolò Oddi, archbishop of Ravenna (1766) (2)
Carlo Odescalchi (1823) (3)
Angelo Mai (1837) (4)
Camillo Tarquini (1873)
Johannes Baptiste Franzelin (1876)
Giuseppe Pecci (1879) (5)
Paul Ludolf Melchers (1885) (3)
Camillo Mazzella (1886)
Andreas Steinhuber (1893)
Louis Billot (1911) (6)
Franziskus Ehrle (1922)
Pietro Boetto (1935)
Augustine Bea (1959)
Pablo Muñoz Vega, archbishop of Quito, Ecuador (1969)
Jean Daniélou (1969)
Lawrence Trevor Picachy, archbishop of Calcutta, India (1976)
Victor Razafimahatratra, archbishop of Tananarive, Madagascar (1976)
Carlo Maria Martini, archbishop of Milan, Italy (1983)
Henri-Marie de Lubac (1983)
Ján Chryzostom Korec, bishop of Nitra, Czechoslovakia (1991)
Paolo Dezza (1991)
Julius Riyadi Darmaatmadja, archbishop of Semarang, Indonesia (1994)
Augusto Vargas Alzamora, archbishop of Lima, Perú (1994)
Alois Grillmeier (1994)
Paul Shan-Kuo-hsi, bishop of Kaohsiung, Taiwan (1998)
Adam Kozlowiecki, titular archbishop of Potenza Picena (1998)
Jorge Mario Bergoglio, archbishop of Buenos Aires, Argentina (2001) (Pope Francis)
Roberto Tucci (2001)
Avery Dulles (2001)
Tomáš Špidlík (2003)
Albert Vanhoye, rector emeritus of the Pontifical Biblical Institute, Rome, and secretary emeritus of the Pontifical Biblical Commission (2006)
Urbano Navarrete Cortés, former rector of the Pontifical Gregorian University (2007)
Karl Josef Becker, professor emeritus of the Pontifical Gregorian University and for many years consultor of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (2012)

(1) By papal brief of March 5, 1616, was given permission to leave the Society and enter the Congregation of Regular Clerics of Somasca (C.R.S.) but he never did.
(2) Did his religious profession a few days before his death.
(3) Joined the Society after becoming a cardinal.
(4) Resigned from the Society before becoming a cardinal.
(5) Resigned from the Society before becoming a cardinal; and rejoined the Society after becoming a cardinal.
(6) Resigned cardinalate on September 13, 1927.

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Society of Mary (Marianists - S.M.)      (1)

Pius Taofinu'u, bishop of Apia, Western Samoa (1973)

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Society of Priests of Saint Sulpice (Sulpicians - P.S.S.)      (5)

Jean Verdier, archbishop of Paris, France (1929)
Paul-Emile Léger, archbishop of Montréal, Canada (1953)
André Jullien, dean of the Sacred Tribunal of the Roman Rota (1958)
Édouard Gagnon, titular archbishop of Giustiniana Prima, pro-president of the Pontifical Commission for the Family (1985)
Marc Ouellet, archbishop of Québec, Canada (2003)

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Society of the Divine Word (Verbites - S.V.D.)      (1)

Thomas Tien Ken-sin, titular bishop of Ruspe, apostolic vicar of Tsin-tao, China (1946)

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African Missionaries (AFR.M.) (Patres Albi - P.A.)      (1)

Paul Zougrana, archbishop of Ougaougou, Burkina Faso (1965)

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Missionary Society of Saint Paul (M.S.S.P.)      (1)

Maximos IV Saigh, patriarch of Antioch of the Melkites, Lebanon (1965)

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Pious Society of St. Francis de Sales (Salesians of Don Bosco - S.D.B.)      (13)

Giovanni Cagliero, titular archbishop of Sebaste, apostolic delegate in Central America (1915)
Augustyn Hlond, archbishop of Gniezno and Warsaw, Poland (1927)
Raúl Silva Henríquez, archbishop of Santiago de Chile, Chile (1962)
Stepán Trochta, bishop of Litomerice, Czechoslovakia (1969)
Miguel Obando Bravo, archbishop of Managua, Nicaragua (1985)
Rosalio José Castillo Lara, titular archbishop of Precausa, pro-president of the Pontifical Commission for the Authentic Interpretation of the Code of Canon Law (1985)
Alfons Maria Stickler, titular archbishop of Bolsena, pro-Librarian and Archivist of the Holy Roman Church (1985)
Antonio María Javierre Ortas, titular archbishop of Meta, secretary of the Congregation for Catholic Education (1988)
Óscar Andrés Rodríguez Maradiaga, archbishop of Tegucigalpa, Honduras (2001)
Antonio Ignacio Velasco García, archbishop of Caracas, Venezuela (2001)
Tarcisio Bertone, archbishop of Genoa, Italy (2003)
Joseph Zen Ze-Kiun, bishop of Hong Kong (Xianggang), China (2006)
Raffaele Farina, titular archbishop of Oderzo, archivist and librarian of the Holy Roman Church (2007)
Angelo Amato, titular archbishop of Sila, prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of the Saints (2010)

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Congregation of Monks Studitas of Ukraine (M.S.U.)      (1)

Lubomyr Husar, archbishop major of Lviv of the Ukrainians, Ukraine (2001)

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Congregation of Saint Basil (Basilians - C.S.B.)      (1)

Bernard George Flahiff, archbishop of Winnipeg, Canada (1969)

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Congregation of the Holy Cross (C.S.C.)      (1)

John Francis O'Hara, archbishop of Philadelphia, United States (1958)

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Congregation of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (C.I.C.M.)      (2)

Frédéric Etsou-Nzabi-Bamungwabi, archbishop of Kinshasa, Zaire (1991)
Jean Schotte, secretary general of the World Synod of Bishops (1994)

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Marian Clerics of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary (M.I.C.)      (1)

Vincentas Sladkevicius, titular bishop of Abora, apostolic administrator of Kasiadorys, Lithuania (1988)

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Congregation of the Mission (Lazarists or Paulists or Vincentians - C.M.)      (3)

Stéfanos I Sidarouss, patriarch of Alexandria of the Copts, Egypt (1965)
Stéfanos II Ghattas, patriarch of Alexandria of the Copts, Egypt (2001)
Franc Rodé, archbishop emeritus of Ljubljana, Slovenia, prefect of the Congregation for the Institutes of Consecrated Life and the Societies of Apostolic Life (2006)

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Congregation of the Missionaries Sons of the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Claretians - C.M.F.)      (4)

Arcadio María Larraona, secretary of the S.C. for Religious (1959)
Arturo Tabera Araoz, archbishop of Pamplona, Spain (1969)
José Saraiva Martins, prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of the Saints (2001)
Fernando Sebastián Aguilar, archbishop emeritus of Pamplona-Tudela, Spain (2014)

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Congregation of the Pious Schools (Piarists - Sch.P.)      (1)

Alfonso Maria Mistrangelo, archbishop of Florence, Italy (1915)

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Congregation of the Regular Clerics of Saint Paul (Barnabites - C.R.S.P. or B.)      (7)

Giacomo Morigia, archbishop of Florence, Tuscany (1695)
Giacinto Sigismondo Gerdil, titular bishop of Dibona, consultor of the Supreme S.C. of the Roman and Universal Inquisition (1777)
Francesco Fontana, superior general of the order, secretary of the S.C.of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs (1816)
Luigi Lambruschini, titular archbishop of Berito, nuncio in France (1831)
Antonio Cadolini, bishop of Ancona (1843)
Luigi Maria Bilio ( 1866)
Giuseppe Graniello, titular archbishop of Cesarea, secretary of the S.C. of Bishops and Regulars (1893)

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Congregation of the Clerics Regular Theatines (Theat.)      (8)

Bernardino Scotti, archbishop of Trani (1555)
Paolo Burali d'Arezzo, bishop of Piacenza (1570)
Francesco Pignatelli, archbishop of Naples (1703)
Giuseppe Maria Tomasi di Lampedusa (1712)
Francesco Maria Banditi, archbishop of Benevento (1775)
Giuseppe Maria Capece Zurlo, bishop of Calvi (1782)
Domenico Pignatelli di Belmonte, archbishop of Palermo, Sicily (1802)
Ferdinando Pignatelli, archbishop of Palermo, Sicily (1839)

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Congregation of the Canons Regular of St. John the Evangelist (C.R.S.J.E.)      (1)

Manuel Bento Rodrigues da Silva, patriarch of Lisbon, Portugal (1858)

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Oratory of Saint Philip of Neri (Oratorians - O.S.F.N. or Orat.)      (12)

Francesco Maria Tarugi, archbishop of Avignon, France (1596)
Cesare Baronio, protonotary apostolic de numero participantium (1596)
Pierre de Bérulle (1627)
Orazio Giustiniani, bishop of Nocera (1645)
Leandro Colloredo (1686)
Filippo Giudice Caracciolo, archbishop of Naples (1833)
John Henry Newman (1879)
Alfonso Capecelatro di Castelpagano, archbishop of Capua, Italy (1885)
Adolphe Perraud, bishop of Autun, France (1893)
Sebastián Herrero y Espinosa de los Monteros, archbishop of Valencia, Spain (1903)
Henri-Marie-Alfred Baudrillart, titular archbishop of Melitene, vicar general of Paris, France (1935)
Giulio Bevilacqua (1965)

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Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer (Redemptorists - C.SS.R.)      (5)

Victor-Auguste-Isidore Dechamps, archbishop of Mechlin, Belgium (1875)
Willem Marinus van Rossum (1911)
Jose Clemente Maurer, archbishop of Sucre, Bolivia (1967)
Varkey Vithayathil, archbishop major of Ernakulam-Angamaly of the Syro-Malabras, India (2001)
Julio Terrazas Sandoval, archbishop of Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia ( 2001)

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Congregation of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate (O.M.I.)      (6)

Joseph-Hippolyte Guibert, archbishop of Paris, France (1873)
Jean-Marie-Rodrigue Villeneuve, archbishop of Québec, Canada (1933)
Thomas Benjamin Cooray, archbishop of Colombo, Ceylon (1965)
Francis Eugene George, archbishop of Chicago, United States (1998)
Orlando Beltran Quevedo, archbishop of Cotabato, Philippines (2014)

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Institute of the Fathers of Schönstatt      (1)

Francisco Javier Errázuriz Ossa, archbishop of Santiago de Chile, Chile (2001)

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Oblates of Saints Charles and Ambrose of Milan (O.Ss.C.A.)      (2)

Eugenio Tosi, archbishop of Milan, Italy (1922)
Angelo Dell'Acqua, titular archbishop of Calcedonia, substitute of the Secretariat of State and secretary of the Cipher (1967)

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Oblates of Saints Charles and Gaudentius of Novara (O.Ss.C.G.N.)      (1)

Maurilio Fossati, archbishop of Turin, Italy (1933)

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Order of Our Lady of Mercy (Mercedarians - O. de M.)      (5)

Ramón Nonato (1239)
Raymond de Montfort (1338)
Pedro de Salazar Gutiérrez de Toledo, bishop of Salamanca (1686)
Dominic Serra, master general of the order (1348)
Carlos Oviedo Cavada, archbishop of Santiago de Chile (1994)

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Congregation of Regular Clerics of Somasca (C.R.S.)      (3)

Alessandro Crescenzi, prefect of the Papal Household (1675)
Pietro Antonio Zorzi, archbishop of Udine (1803)
Mario Casariego, archbishop of Guatemala, Guatemala (1969)

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Congregation of the Canons Regular of the Most Holy Saviour (C.R.SS.S.)      (1)

Antonio Galli, abbot general of the Congregation (1753)

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Congregation of Priests of the Sacred Heart of Jesus (Dehonians - S.C.I.)      (2)
Stanislaw Kazimierz Nagy (2003)
Eusébio Oscar Scheid, archbishop of São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (2003)

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Missionaries of St. Charles Borromeo (Scalabrinians - C.S.)      (1)

Velasio de Paolis, titular archbishop of Telepte, president of the Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See (2010)

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Order of Saint John of Jerusalem (O.S.Io.Hieros.)      (16)

Pierre d'Aubusson, grand master of the order (1489)
Pedro Luis de Borja Lanzol de Romanm, archbishop-elect of Valencia, Spain (1500)
Antonio Sanseverino (1527)
Pietro Bembo, Venetian senator (1538)
Ranuccio Farnese, administrator of the archdiocese of Naples (1545)
Fulvio Giulio della Corgna, bishop of Perugia (1551)
Giovanni Vincenzo Gonzaga, prior of Barletta (1578)
Federico Cornaro, seniore, bishop of Padua (1585)
Hughes de Loubenx de Verdalle, grand master of the order (1587)
Silvestro Aldobrandini, prior of the order in Rome, grand-nephew of Pope Clement VIII (1603)
Antonio Barberini, iuniore (1627)
Virginio Orsini (1641)
Friedrich von Hessen-Darmstadt (1652)
Benedetto Pamphili, grand prior in Rome of the order (1681)
Manuel Arias y Porres, archbishop of Sevilla, Spain (1712)
Alessandro Albani (1721)

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Order of Saint James (O.S.Iacobis)      (2)

Innico d'Avalos d'Aragona (1561)
Francisco de Paula Benevaides y Navarrete (1877)

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Canons Regular of Saint Jean-Baptiste de Lyon (O.C.R.S.J.)       (1)

Louis Aleman, archbishop of Arles, France (1426)

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Canons Regular of Sant'Antonio (C.R.S.A.)       (1)

Antonio Trivulzio, seniore, bishop of Como (1500)

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Canons Regular of Arrouiase      (1)
Kuno von Urach (1108)
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Canons Regular of San Frediano (C.R.S.F.)       (7)

Giovanni (1143)
Bernardo, prior of the Lateran monastery, Rome (1145)
Girolamo (1164)
Matteo (1178)
Ardoino(1178)
Bernardo (1188)
Leone Brancaleone (1200)

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Canons Regular of San Pietro (C.R.S.P.)       (1)

Guala Bicchieri, former bishop of Vercelli (1205)

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Canons Regular of S. Maria of San Reno (C.R.S.R.)       (8)

Gerardo Caccianemici dell'Orso (1122)
Ugo Misini, prior of the monastery of S. Prassede (1144)
Guarino Foscari (1144)
Ubaldo Caccianemici (1144)
Ildebrando Grassi, administrator of the diocese of Modena (1152)
Pietro de Bono (1165)
Guglielmo (1173)
Gregorio Crescenzi (1205)

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Canons Regular of Santa Maria (C.R.S.M.)       (1)
Rainiero (1213)
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Canons Regular of Saint-Ruf of Avignon      (1)
Nicholas Breakspear, abbot general of the order (1146)

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Canons Regulars of S. Maria di Crescenziano       (2)
Tommaso (1140)
Albino (1182)

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Canons Regulars of Saint-Victor of Paris       (4)
Yves (1135)
Giovanni Pizzuti (1155)
Ugo Pierleoni, bishop of Piacenza (1164)
Ugo Pierleoni (1171)
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Canons Regular Premostratense of Saint-Martin of Laon       (1)

Alberto di Morra (1155)

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Canons Regular Lateranense      (4)
Gregorio Papareschi, seniore (1088) (Pope Innocent II)
Aymery de la Châtre (1120)
Corrado di Suburra (1127)
Rolando Bandinelli (1150)

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Canons Regular of S. Pietro in Caelo aureo      (1)
Anselmo (1126)
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Order of the Humiliati (O.Hum.)      (1)

Luca Manzoli, bishop of Fiesole (1408)

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Unknown religious order      (2)
Nicola, abbot of the monastery of S. Silvestro in Capite, Rome (deaconry is not known) (1072)
Nicola, abbot of the monastery of S. Pancrazio, Rome (deaconry is not known) (1072)

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Pontifical Institute for Foreign Missions (P.I.M.E.)      (1)

Giovanni Bonzano, titular archbishop of Melitene, apostolic delegate to the United States of America (1922)

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Maronite Order of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Mariamita) (O.M.M.)      (1)

Béchara Boutros Raï, patriarch of Antioch of the Maronites, Lebanon (2012)

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Secular Instutute Pius X (I.S.P.X)      (1)

Gérald Cyprien Lacroix, archbishop of Québec, Canada (2014)

Cardinals religious created by:
Gregory I (590-604) - 1
Leo III (795-816) - 0
Stephen IV (V) (816-817) - 0
Paschal I (817-824) -1
Eugenius II (824-827) - 0
Valentine (827) - 0
Gregory IV (827-844) - 0
[Antipope] John (844) - 0
Sergius II (844-847) - 0
Leo IV (847-855) - 1
Benedict III (855-858) - 0
[Antipope] Anastasius III Bibliothecarius (855) - 0
Nicholas I the Great (858-867) - 1
Adrian II (867-872) - 0
John VIII (872-882) - 1
Marinus I (882-884) - 0
Adrian III (884-885) - 0
Stephen V (VI) (885-891) - 0
Formosus (891-896) - 1
Boniface VI (896) - 0
Stephen VI (VII) (896-897) - 0
Romanus (897) - 0
Theodore II (897) - 0
John IX (898-900) - 0
Benedict IV (900-903) - 0
Leo V (903) - 0
[Antipope] Christopher (903-904) - 0
Sergius III (904-911) - 0
Anastasius III (911-913) - 0
Landone (913-914) - 0
John X (914-928) - 0
Leo VI (928-929) - 0
Stephen VII (VIII) (929-931) - 0
John XI (931-936) - 1
Leo VII (936-939) - 0
Stephen VIII (IX) (939-942) - 0
Marinus II (942-946) - 0
Agapitus II (946-955) - 1
John XII (955-964) - 0
Leo VIII (963-965) - 0
Benedict V (964) - 0
John XIII (965-972) - 0
Benedict VII (974-983)- 1
John XIV (984-985) - 0
John XV (985-996) - 1
Gregory V (996-999) - 2
Sylvester II (999-1003) - 0
John XVII (1003) - 1
John XVIII (1003-1009)- 1
Sergius IV (1009-1012) - 1
Benedict VIII (1012-1024) - 0
John XIX (1024-1032) - 0
Benedict IX (1032-1044; 1045; 1047-1048) - 0
Sylvester III (1045) - 0
Gregory VI (1045-1046) - 0
Clement II (1046-1047) - 0
Damasus II (1048) - 0
Leo IX (1049-1054) - 5
Victor II (1055-1057) - 0
Stephen IX (X) (1057-1058) - 3
Nicholas II (1058-1061) - 2
Alexander II (1061-1073) - 11
Gregory VIII (1073-1085) - 6
[Antipope] Clement III (1080-1100) - 2
Urban II (1088-1099) - 9
Paschal II (1099-1118) - 17
Callistus II (1119-1124) - 4
Honorius II (1124-1130) - 4
Innocent II (1130-1143) -19
[Antipope] Anacletus II (1130-1138) - 1
Celestine II (1143-144) - 2
Lucius II (1144-1145) - 2
Eugenius III (1145-1153) - 10
Adrian IV (1154-1159) - 5
Alexander III (1159-1181) - 21
[Antipope] Paschal II (1164-1168) - 1
Lucius III (1181-1185) - 1
Urban III (1185-1187) - 2
Clement III (1187-1191) - 6
Celestine III (1191-1198) - 2
Innocent III (1198-1216) - 11
Honorius III (1216-1227) - 2
Gregory IX (1227-1241) - 4
Innocent IV (1243-1254) - 5
Alexander IV (1254-1261) - 2
Urban IV (1261-1264) - 2
Clement IV (1265-1268) - 1
Gregory X (1271-1276) - 4
Nicholas III (1277-1280) - 4
Nicholas IV (1288-1292) - 4
Celestine V (1294) - 6
Boniface VIII (1294-1303) - 8
Benedict XI (1303-1304) - 3
Clement V (1305-1314) - 10
John XXII (1316-1334) - 5
[Antipope] Nicholas V (1328-1333) - 3
Benedict XII (1334-1342) - 4
Clement VI (1342-1352) - 10
Innocent VI (1352-1362) - 6
Urban V (1362-1370) - 7
Gregory XI (1370-1378) - 10
Urban VI (1378-1389) - 6
[Antipope] Clement VIII (1378-1394) - 7
Bomiface IX (1389-1404) - 1
[Antipope] Benedict XIII (1394-1423) - 2
Innocent VII (1404-1406) - 1
Gregory XII (1406-1415) - 6
[Antipope] John XXIII (1410-1415) - 1
Martin V - (1417-1431) - 7
Eugenius IV - (1431-1447) - 2
[Antipope] Felix V - (1439-1447) - 4
Nicholas V - (1447-1455) - 3
Callistus III - (1455-1458) - 1
Pius II (1458-1464) - 2
Paul II (1464-1471) - 1
Sixtus IV (1471-1484 - 4
Innocent VIII (1484-1492) - 2
Alexander VI (1492-1503) - 4
Pius III (1503) - None
Julius II (1503-1513) - 3
Leo X (1513-1521) - 5
Adrian VI (1522-1523) - None
Clement VII (1523-1534) - 4
Paul III (1534-1549) - 7
Julius III (1550-1555) - 3
Marcelus II (1555) - None
Paul IV (1555-1559) - 4
Pius IV (1559-1565) - 2
St. Pius V (1566-1572) - 6
Gregory XIII (1572-1585) - 1
Sixtus V (1585-1590) - 6
Urban VII (1590) - None
Gregory XIV (1590-1591) - None
Innocent IX (1591) - None
Clement VIII (1592-1605) - 7
Leo XI (1605) - None
Paul V (1605-1621) - 4
Gregory XV (1621-1623) - None
Urban VIII (1623-1644) - 9
Innocent X (1644-1655) - 5
Alexander VII (1655-1667) - 1
Clement IX (1667-1669) - 1
Clement X (1670-1676) - 5
Innocent XI (1676-1689) - 6
Alexander VIII (1689-1691) - None
Innocent XII (1691-1700) - 5
Clement XI (1700-1721) - 7
Innocent XIII (1721-1724) - 1
Benedict XIII (1724-1730) - 7
Clement XII (1730-1740) - 3
Benedict XIV (1740-1758) - 4
Clement XIII (1758-1769) - 4
Clement XIV (1769-1774) - 1
Pius VI (1775-1799) - 6
Pius VII (1800-1823) - 7
Leo XII (1823-1829) - 4
Pius VII (1829-1830) - 1
Gregroy XVI (1831-1846) - 10
Pius IX (1846-1878) - 16
Leo XIII (1878-1903) - 29
St. Pius X (1903-1914) - 7
Benedict XV (1914-1922) - 4
Pius XI (1922-1939) - 15
Pius XII (1939-1958) - 2
John XXIII (1958-1963) - 10
Paul VI (1963-1978) - 23
John Paul II (1978-2005) - 49
Benedict XVI (2005-2013) - 13
Francis (2013-  - 4
Total - 611

Last updated: February 22, 2014

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