The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Members of Religious Orders (1032-1099)

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The list includes the names of the religious cardinals, the position they occupied at the time of their cardinalitial creation, and the year of their promotion.


Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines - O.S.B.)      (36)

Pietro (Boccapecora), bishop of Albano (1004) (Pope Sergius IV)
Vernerio (1012)
Gregorio, abbot of the monastery of Ss. Cosma e Damiano ad Micam auream, Rome (1034)
Hugo Candidus (1049)
Mainardo (1049) (O.S.B. Cassinese)
Étienne (1049) (O.S.B. Cluniacense)
Frédéric de Lorraine (1049) (O.S.B. Cassinese) (Pope Stephen IX (X))
Humbert (1051)
Pietro Damiano, abbot of the monastery of Fontavellana, Gubbio (1058) (O.S.B. Camaldolese)
Pietro Alberini (1058) (O.S.B. Cassinese)
Alberico, seniore (1058) (O.S.B. Cassinese)
Ildebrando (1059) (Pope Gregory VII)
Oderisio, (1059) (O.S.B. Cassinese)
Leone (1061)
Adimaro (1062) (O.S.B. Cassinese)
Teodino Sanseverino, deacon of the Lateran patriarchate (1062) (O.S.B. Cassinese)
Bernard de Milhau (1065)
Pietro Atenolfo, abbot of the monastery of S. Benedetto, Salerno (1065) (O.S.B. Cassinese)
Gerhard, bishop of Ostia (1067) (O.S.B. Cluniacense)
Alberto (1070)
Pietro Igneo Aldobrandini, bishop of Albano (1072) (O.S.B.Vallombrosana)
Guitmond (1072)
Eudes de Lagery, prior of the monastery of Cluny (1073) (O.S.B. Cluniacense) (Pope Urban II)
Raniero, abbot of the monastery of Ss. Lorenzo and Stefano fuori le mura, Rome (1073) (O.S.B. Cluniacense) (Pope Paschal II)
Éven, abbot of the monastery of Saint-Mélaine in Rennes, France (1073)
Richard de Milhau, abbot of the monastery of S. Paolo fuori le mura, Rome (1078)
Alberto (1080/1100) (Antipope Alberto)
Nicola (pseudocardinal priest 1080/1100)
Gebizo, bishop of Cesena (1084)
Odon de Châtillon (1088) (O.S.B. Cluniacense)
Amico, abbot of the monastery of S. Lorenzo fuori le mura, Rome (1088)
Gregorio, abbot of the monastery of Subiaco (1088)
Giovanni da Gaeta, chancellor of the Holy Roman Church (1088) (Pope Gelasius II)
Rangier (1091)
Geoffroy (1094)
Bernardo degli Uberti (1097) (O.S.B.Vallombrosana)

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Canons Regular of Saint Augustine       (2)
Conone (1073)
Lamberto Scannabecchi (1099) (Pope Honorius II)

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Canons Regular Lateranense      (1)

Gregorio Papareschi, seniore (1088) (Pope Innocent II)
Unknown religious order      (2)
Nicola, abbot of the monastery of S. Silvestro in Capite, Rome (deaconry is not known) (1072)
Nicola, abbot of the monastery of S. Pancrazio, Rome (his deaconry is not known) (1072)

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Cardinals religious created by:
Gregory V (996-999) - 1
Sylvester II (999-1003) - 0
John XVII (1003) - 1
John XVIII (1003-1009) Sergius IV (1009-1012) - 1
Benedict VIII (1012-1024) - 0
John XIX (1024-1032) (0)
Benedict IX (1032-1044; 1045; 1047-1048) - 0
Sylvester III (1045) - 0
Gregory VI (1045-1046) - 0
Clement II (1046-1047) - 0
Damasus II (1048) - 0
Leo IX (1049-1054) - 5
Victor II (1055-1057) - 0
Stephen IX (X) (1057-1058) - 3
Nicholas II (1058-1061) - 2
Alexander II (1061-1073) - 11
Gregory VII (1073-1085) - 6
[Antipope] Clement III (1080-1100) - 2
Urban II (1088-1099) - 9
Total -- 41

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