The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Members of Religious Orders (1800-1903)


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The list includes the names of the 64 religious cardinals, the position they occupied at the time of their cardinalitial creation and the year of their creation.


Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines - O.S.B.)      (14)

Michelangelo Luchi, abbot of the Order (1801) (O.S.B.Cassinese)
Giacinto Placido Zurla (1823) (O.S.B.Camaldolese)
Mauro Cappellari, procurator general of the Order (1825) (O.S.B.Camaldolese) (Pope Gregory XVI)
Remigio Crescini, bishop of Parma (1829) (O.S.B.Cassinese)
Ambrogio Bianchi, abbot general of the Order (1835) (O.S.B.Camaldolese)
Francisco de São Luiz Saraiva, patriarch of Lisbon, Portugal (1843)
Jean-Baptiste-François Pitra (1863)
Mariano Falcinelli Antoniacci, titular archbishop of Athens, nuncio in Austria (1873) (O.S.B.Cassinese)
Guglielmo Sanfelice D'Aquavilla, archbishop of Naples (1884) (O.S.B.Cassinese)
Michelangelo Celesia, archbishop of Palermo (1884) (O.S.B.Cassinese)
Cölestin Ganglbauer, archbishop of Vienna, Austria (1884)
Placido Maria Schiaffino, titular archbishop of Nissa, secretary of the S.C. of Bishops and Regulars (1885) (O.S.B.Olivetans)
Giuseppe Benedetto Dusmet, archbishop of Catania, Sicily (1889) (O.S.B.Cassinese)
Kolos Ferenc Vaszary, archbishop of Esztergom, Hungary (1893) (O.S.B.Hungarica)

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Order of Hermits of Saint Augustine (Augustinians - O.E.S.A.)      (5)

Patrício da Silva, patriarch of Lisbon, Portugal (1824)
Tommaso Maria Martinelli (1873)
Luigi Sepiacci, titular bishop of Calinico, secretary of the S.C. of Bishops and Regulars (1891)
Agostino Ciasca, titular archbishop of Larissa, secretary of the S.C. of the Propagation of the Faith (1899)
Sebastiano Martinelli, titular archbishop of Efeso, apostolic delegate in the United States (1901)

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Order of Friars Minor Discalced (Franciscans - O.F.M.Disc.) *       (1)

José Sebastião Netto, O.F.M.Disc., patriarch of Lisbon, Portugal (1884)

* In 1897 it merged into the Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)

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Order of Friars Minor Observants (Franciscans - O.F.M.Obs.) *       (1)

Cirilo de Alameda y Brea, archbishop of Toledo, Spain (1858)

* In 1897 it merged into the Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)

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Order of Friars Minor Reformed (Franciscans - O.F.M.Ref.) *       (1)

Bonaventura Gazzola, bishop of Montefiascone e Corneto (1824)

* In 1897 it merged into the Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans)

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Order of Friars Minor Capuchins (Franciscans - O.F.M.Cap.)      (5)

Ludovico Micara, master general of the Order (1824)
Giusto Recanati (1853)
Guglielmo Massaia (1884)
Ignazio Persico, secretary of the S.C. of the Propagation of the Faith (1893)
José de Calasanz Santiago Vives y Tutó (1899)

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Order of Friars Minor Conventuals (Franciscans - O.F.M.Conv.)       (2)

Antonio Francesco Orioli, bishop of Orvieto (1838)
Antonio Maria Panebianco, consultor of the SS.CC. of the Inquisition and of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs (1861)

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Order of Preachers (Dominicans - O.P.)      (9)

Giuseppe Maria Velzi, master of the Sacred Palace (1832)
Francesco Gaude, procurator general of the Order (1855)
Filippo Maria Guidi (1863)
Manuel García Gil, archbishop of Saragossa, Spain (1877)
Tommaso Zigliari (1879)
Zeferino González y Díaz Tuñón, archbishop of Seville, Spain (1884)
Agostino Bausa, master of the Apostolic Palace (1887)
Egidio Mauri, archbishop of Ferrara, Italy (1894)
Raffaele Pierotti, master of the Sacred Palace (1896)

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Order of Carmelites Discalced (Carmelites - O.C.D.)      (3)

Placido Maria Tadini, archbishop of Genoa, Italy (1835)
Joaquín Lluch y Garriga, archbishop of Seville, Spain (1882)
Girolamo Maria Gotti, titular archbishop of Petra, former internuncio in Brazil (1895)

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Order of the Servants of Mary (Servites - O.S.M.)      (1)

Carlo Francesco Caselli (1801)

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Society of Jesus (Jesuits - S.J.)      (8)

Carlo Odescalchi (1823) (1)
Angelo Mai (1837)
Camillo Tarquini (1873)
Johannes Baptiste Franzelin (1876)
Giuseppe Pecci (1879) (2)
Paul Ludolf Melchers (1885) (1)
Camillo Mazzella (1886)
Andreas Steinhuber (1893)

(1) Joined the Society after becoming a cardinal.
(2) Left the Society before becoming a cardinal and rejoined the Society after becoming a cardinal.

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Congregation of the Regular Clerics of Saint Paul (Barnabites - C.R.S.P. or B.)      (5)

Francesco Fontana, superior general of the Order, secretary of the S.C.of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs (1816)
Luigi Lambruschini, titular archbishop of , nuncio in France (1831)
Antonio Cadolini, bishop of Ancona (1843)
Luigi Maria Bilio ( 1866)
Giuseppe Graniello, titular archbishop of Cesarea, secretary of the S.C. of Bishops and Regulars (1893)

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Oratory of Saint Philip of Neri (Oratorians - O.S.F.N. or Orat.)      (5)

Filippo Giudice Caracciolo, archbishop of Naples (1833)
John Henry Newman (1879)
Alfonso Capecelatro di Castelpagano, archbishop of Capua, Italy (1885)
Adolphe Perraud, bishop of Autun, France (1893)
Sebastián Herrero y Espinosa de los Monteros, archbishop of Valencia, Spain (1903)

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Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer (Redemptorists - C.SS.R.)      (1)

Victor-Auguste-Isidore Dechamps, archbishop of Mechlin, Belgium (1875)

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Congregation of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate (O.M.I.)      (1)

Joseph-Hippolyte Guibert, archbishop of Paris, France (1873)

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Order of Saint James (O.S.Iacobis)      (1)

Francisco de Paula Benevaides y Navarrete, archbishop of Zaragoza, Spain (1877)

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Congregation of the Clerics Regular Theatines (Theat.)      (2)

Domenico Pignatelli di Belmonte, archbishop of Palermo, Sicily (1802)
Ferdinando Pignatelli, archbishop of Palermo, Sicily (1839)

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Congregation of Regular Clerics of Somasca (C.R.S.)      (1)

Pietro Antonio Zorzi, archbishop of Udine (1803)

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Congregation of the Canons Regular of St. John the Evangelist (C.R.S.J.E.)      (1)

Manuel Bento Rodrigues da Silva, patriarch of Lisbon, Portugal (1858)

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Cardinals religious created by:
Pius VII (1800-1823) -- 7
Leo XII (1823-1829) -- 4
Pius VII (1829-1830) -- 1
Gregroy XVI (1831-1846) -- 10
Pius IX (1846-1878) -- 16
Leo XIII (1878-1903) -- 29
Total -- 66

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