The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Members of Religious Orders (1700-1799)

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The list includes the names of the 31 religious cardinals, the position they occupied at the time of their cardinalitial creation and the year of their creation.


Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines - O.S.B.)      (6)

Bernardo Maria Conti, former bishop of Terracina (1721) (O.S.B.Cassinese)
Angelo Maria Quirini, archbishop of Corfu (1726) (O.S.B.Cassinese)
Leandro di Porzia, bishop elect of Bergamo (1728) (O.S.B.Cassinese)
Fortunato Tamburini, abbot of S. Paolo extra Muros, Rome (1743) (O.S.B.Cassinese)
Andrea Gioannetti, archbishop of Bologna (1777) (O.S.B.Camaldolese)
Gregorio Barnaba Chiaramonti, bishop of Tivoli (1785) (O.S.B.Cassinese) (Pope Pius VII)

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Order of Hermits of Saint Augustine (Augustinians - O.E.S.A.)      (1)

Gaspar de Molina y Oviedo, bishop of Málaga, Spain (1737)

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Order of the Canons Regular of Saint Augustine (Augustinians - O.C.S.A.)      (1)

João Cosme da Cunha, archbishop of Evora and inquisitor-general of Portugal (1770)

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Order of the Cistercians (O.Cist)      (1)

Gioacchino Besozzi, procurator general of the Order (1743)

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Order of Friars Minor Conventuals (Franciscans - O.F.M.Conv.)      (1)

Lorenzo Ganganelli, consultor of the Supreme S.C. of the Roman and Universal Inquisition (1759) (Pope Clement XIV)

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Order of Friars Minor Capuchins (Franciscans - O.F.M.Cap.)      (1)

Francesco Maria Casini (1712)

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Order of Friars Minor Observants (Franciscans - O.F.M.Obs.)      (1)

Lorenzo Cozza, minister general of the Order (1726)

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Order of Preachers (Dominicans - O.P.)      (8)

Agostino Pipia, master general of the Order, bishop elect of Osimo (1724)
Gregorio Selleri, master of the Sacred Palace (1726)
Vincenzo Ludovico Gotti, titular patriarch elect of Jerusalem (1728)
Carlo Vincenzo Maria Ferreri Thaon, bishop of Alessandria (1729)
Luigi Maria Lucini, commissioner of the Supreme S.C. of the Roman and Universal Inquisition (1743)
Giuseppe Agostino Orsi, master of the Sacred Place (1759)
Enrichetto Virginio Natta, bishop of Alba (1761)
Juan Tomás de Boxadors, master-general of the Order (1775)

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Order of Carmelites Discalced (Carmelites - O.C.D.)      (1)

Giovanni Antonio Guadagni, bishop of Arezzo (1731)

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Order of the Servants of Mary (Servites - O.S.M.)      (1)

Pietro Maria Pieri, superior general of the Order (1734)

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Society of Jesus (Jesuits - S.J.)      (4)

Giovanni Battista Tolomei (1712)
Giovanni Battista Salerni (1719)
Álvaro Cienfuegos Villazón (1720)
Niccolò Oddi, archbishop of Ravenna (1766) (1)

(1) Did his religious profession a few days before his death.

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Congregation of the Regular Clerics of Saint Paul (Barnabites - C.R.S.P. or B.)      (1)

Giacinto Sigismondo Gerdil, titular bishop of Dibona, consultor of the Supreme S.C. of the Roman and Universal Inquisition (1777)

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Congregation of the Clerics Regular Theatines (Theat.)      (4)

Francesco Pignatelli, archbishop of Naples (1703)
GiuseppeMaria Tomasi di Lampedusa (1712)
Francesco Maria Banditi, archbishop of Benevento (1775)
Giuseppe Maria Capece Zurlo, bishop of Calvi (1782)

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Congregation of the Canons Regular of the Most Holy Saviour (C.R.SS.S.)      (1)

Antonio Galli, abbot general of the Congregation (1753)

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Order of Saint John of Jerusalem (O.S.Io.Hieros.)      (2)

Manuel Arias y Porres, archbishop of Sevilla, Spain (1712)
Alessandro Albani (1721)

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Cardinals religious created by:
Clement XI (1700-1721) -- 7
Innocent XIII (1721-1724) -- 1
Benedict XIII (1724-1730) -- 7
Clement XII (1730-1740) -- 3
Benedict XIV (1740-1758) -- 4
Clement XIII (1758-1769) -- 4
Clement XIV (1769-1774) -- 1
Pius VI (1775-1799) -- 6
Total -- 33

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