The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Members of Religious Orders (1903-2003)

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The list includes the names of the 112 religious cardinals, the position they occupied at the time of their cardinalitial creation and the year of their creation.


Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans - O.F.M.)      (12)

Gregorio María Aguirre García, archbishop of Burgos, Spain (1907)
Diomede Falconio, titular archbishop of Larissa, apostolic delegate to the United States (1911)
Juan Landázuri Ricketts, archbishop of Lima, Perú (1962)
Ferdinando Giuseppe Antonelli, titular archbishop of Idicra, secretary of the S.C. for the Causes of the Saints (1973)
Paulo Evaristo Arns, archbishop of Sao Paulo, Brazil (1973)
Aloísio Lorscheider, archbishop of Fortaleza, Brazil (1976)
Alexandre Josê María dos Santos, archbishop of Maputo, Mozambique (1988)
László Paskai, archbishop of Esztergom, Hungary (1988)
Bernardino Echeverrí Ruiz, archbishop emeritus of Guayaquil, Ecuador (1994)
Cláudio Hummes, archbishop of São Paulo, Brazil (2001)
Wilfrid Fox Napier, archbishop of Durban, South Africa (2001)
Carlos Amigo Vallejo, archbishop of Seville, Spain (2003)

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Society of Jesus (Jesuits - S.J.)      (21)

Louis Billot (1911) (1)
Franziskus Ehrle (1922)
Pietro Boetto (1935)
Augustine Bea (1959)
Pablo Muñoz Vega, archbishop of Quito, Ecuador (1969)
Jean Daniélou (1969)
Lawrence Trevor Picachy, archbishop of Calcutta, India (1976)
Victor Razafimahatratra, archbishop of Tananarive, Madagascar (1976)
Carlo Maria Martini, archbishop of Milan, Italy (1983)
Henri-Marie de Lubac (1983)
Jan Chryzostom Korec, bishop of Nitra, Czechoslovakia (1991)
Paolo Dezza (1991)
Julius Riyadi Darmaatmadja, archbishop of Semarang, Indonesia (1994)
Augusto Vargas Alzamora, archbishop of Lima, Perú (1994)
Alois Grillmeier (1994)
Paul Shan-Kuo-hsi, bishop of Kaohsiung, Taiwan (1998)
Adam Kozlowiecki, titular archbishop of Potenza Picena (1998)
Jorge Mario Bergoglio, archbishop of Buenos Aires, Argentina (2001) (Pope Francis)
Roberto Tucci (2001)
Avery Dulles (2001)
Tomás Špidlík (2003)

(1) Resigned cardinalate on September 13, 1927.

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Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer (Redemptorists - C.SS.R.)      (4)

Willem Marinus van Rossum (1911)
Jose Clemente Maurer, archbishop of Sucre, Bolivia (1967)
Varkey Vithayathil, archbishop major of Ernakulam-Angamaly of the Syro-Malabras, India (2001)
Julio Terrazas Sandoval, archbishop of Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia ( 2001)

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Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines - O.S.B.)      (9)

Domenico Serafini, titular archbishop of Seleucia Pieria, assessor of the Supreme S.C.of the Holy Office (1914)
Francis Aidan Gasquet, president of the English Benedictine Confederation (1914)
Jusztinian Györg Serédi, archbishop of Esztergom, Hungary, December 19, 1927
Alfredo Ildefonso Schuster, archbishop of Milan, Italy (1929)
Joaquín Anselmo María Albareda, prefect of the Vatican Library (1962)
Benno Walter Gut, primate abbot of the Benedictine Confederation (1967)
George Basil Hume, archbishop of Westminster, Great Britain (1976)
Paul Augustine Mayer, titular archbishop of Satriano, pro-prefect of the S.C. of Sacraments and Divine Worship (1985)
Hans Hermann Groër, archbishop of Vienna, Austria (1988)

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Congregation of the Clerics Regular of Saint Augustine (C.C.R.S.A.)      (1)

Friedrich Gustav Piffl, archbishop of Viena, Austria-Hungary (1914)

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Order of our Lady of Mercy (Mercedarians - O. de M.)      (1)

Carlos Oviedo Cavada, archbishop of Santiago de Chile (1994)

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Congregation of the Pious Schools (Piarists - Sch.P.)      (1)

Alfonso Maria Mistrangelo, archbishop of Florence, Italy (1915)

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Order of Preachers (Dominicans - O.P.)      (11)

Andrew Franz Frühwirth, titular archbishop of Eraclea di Europa, nuncio in Bavaria, December 6, 1915
Tommaso Pio Boggiani, titular archbishop of Edessa di Osröene, assessor of the S.C. Consistorial (1915)
Felix-Raymond-Marie Rouleau, archbishop of Quebec, Canada (1927)
Michael Browne, master general of the Order of Preachers (1962)
Paul-Pierre Philippe, titular archbishop of Eraclea Maggiore, secretary of the S.C. for the Doctrine of the Faith (1973)
Mario Luigi Ciappi, theologian of the Pontifical Household (1977)
Jean Jérôme Hamer, titular archbishop of Lorium, pro-prefect of the Congregation for Religious and Secular Institutes (1985)
Lucas Moreira Neves, archbishop of São Salvador da Bahia, Brazil (1988)
Yves-Marie-Joseph Congar (1994)
Christoph Schönborn, archbishop of Vienna, Austria (1998)
George-Marie-Martin Cottier, theologian of the Papal Household, secretary general of the International Theological Commission (2003)

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Oblates of Saints Charles and Ambrose of Milan (O.Ss.C.A.)      (2)

Eugenio Tosi, archbishop of Milan, Italy (1922)
Angelo Dell'Acqua, titular archbishop of Calcedonia, substitute of the Secretariat of State and secretary of the Cipher (1967)

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Oblates of Saints Charles and Gaudentius of Novara (O.Ss.C.G.N.)      (1)

Maurilio Fossati, archbishop of Turin, Italy (1933)

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Pious Society of St. Francis de Sales (Salesians of Don Bosco - S.D.B.)      (11)

Giovanni Cagliero, titular archbishop of Sebaste, apostolic delegate in Central America (1915)
Augustyn Hlond, archbishop of Gniezno and Warsaw, Poland (1927)
Raúl Silva Henríquez, archbishop of Santiago de Chile, Chile (1962)
Stepán Trochta, bishop of Litomerice, Czechoslovakia (1969)
Miguel Obando Bravo, archbishop of Managua, Nicaragua (1985)
Rosalio José Castillo Lara, titular archbishop of Precausa, pro-president of the Pontifical Commission for the Authentic Interpretation of the Code of Canon Law (1985)
Alfons Maria Stickler, titular archbishop of Bolsena, pro-Librarian and Archivist of the Holy Roman Church (1985)
Antonio María Javierre Ortas, titular archbishop of Meta, secretary of the Congregation for Catholic Education (1988)
Óscar Andrés Rodríguez Maradiaga, archbishop of Tegucigalpa, Honduras (2001)
Antonio Ignacio Velasco García, archbishop of Caracas, Venezuela (2001)
Tarcisio Bertone, archbishop of Genoa, Italy (2003)

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Order of the Servants of Mary (Servites - O.S.M.)      (1)

Alexis-Henri-Marie Lépicier, titular archbishop of Tarso, apostolic vicar of Abyssinia and Eritrea (1927)

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Society of Priests of Saint Sulpice (Sulpicians - P.S.S.)      (5)

Jean Verdier, archbishop of Paris, France (1929)
Paul-Emile Léger, archbishop of Montréal, Canada (1953)
André Jullien, dean of the Sacred Tribunal of the Roman Rota (1958)
Édouard Gagnon, titular archbishop of Giustiniana Prima, pro-president of the Pontifical Commission for the Family (1985)
Marc Ouellet, archbishop of Québec, Canada (2003)

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Congregation of Priests of the Sacred Heart of Jesus (Dehonians - S.C.I.)      (2)

Stanislaw Kazimierz Nagy (2003)
Eusébio Oscar Scheid, archbishop of São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (2003)

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Order of Carmelites Discalced (Carmelites - O.C.D.)      (3)

Raffaele Carlo Rossi, titular archbishop of Tessalonica, assessor of the S.C. Consistorial (1930)
Adeodato Giovanni Piazza, patriarch of Venice, Italy (1937)
Anastasio Alberto Ballestrero, archbishop of Turin, Italy (1979)

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Oblates of Mary Immaculate (O.M.I.)      (3)

Jean-Marie-Rodrigue Villeneuve, archbishop of Québec, Canada (1933)
Thomas Benjamin Cooray, archbishop of Colombo, Ceylon (1965)
Francis Eugene George, archbishop of Chicago, United States (1998)

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African Missionaries (AFR.M.)      (1)

Paul Zougrana, archbishop of Ougaougou, Burkina Faso (1965)

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Oratory of Saint Philip of Neri (Oratorians - O.S.F.N. or Orat.)      (2)

Henri-Marie-Alfred Baudrillart, titular archbishop of Melitene, vicar general of Paris, France (1935)
Giulio Bevilacqua (1965)

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Society of the Divine Word (Verbites - S.V.D.)      (1)

Thomas Tien Ken-sin, titular bishop of Ruspe, apostolic vicar of Tsin-tao, China (1946)

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Order of Friars Minor Capuchins (Capuchins - O.F.M.CAP.)      (1)

Antonio María Barbieri, archbishop of Montevideo, Uruguay (1958)

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Congregation of the Holy Cross (C.S.C.)      (1)

John Francis O'Hara, archbishop of Philadelphia, United States (1958)

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Congregation of the Missionaries Sons of the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Claretians - C.M.F.)      (3)

Arcadio María Larraona, secretary of the S.C. for Religious (1959)
Arturo Tabera Araoz, archbishop of Pamplona, Spain (1969)
José Saraiva Martins, prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of the Saints (2001)

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Order of Basilians of Aleppo of the Melkites (B.A.) (1)

Gabriel Acacius Coussa, titular archbishop of Gerapoli di Siria, pro-secretary of the S.C. of the Oriental Church (1962)

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Missionary Society of Saint Paul (M.S.S.P.)      (1)

Maximos IV Saigh, patriarch of Antioch of the Melkites, Lebanon (1965)

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Congregation of the Mission (Lazarists or Paulists or Vincentians - C.M.)      (2)

Stéfanos I Sidarouss, patriarch of Alexandria of the Copts, Egypt (1965)
Stéfanos II Ghattas, patriarch of Alexandria of the Copts, Egypt (2001)

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Congregation of Saint Basil (Basilians - C.S.B.)      (1)

Bernard George Flahiff, archbishop of Winnipeg, Canada (1969)

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Clerics Regular of Somasca (Somascans - C.R.S.)      (1)

Mario Casariego, archbishop of Guatemala, Guatemala (1969)

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Society of Mary (Marianists - S.M.)      (1)

Pius Taofinu'u, bishop of Apia, Western Samoa (1973)

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Marian Clerics of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary (M.I.C.)      (1)

Vincentas Sladkevicius, titular bishop of Abora, apostolic administrator of Kasiadorys, Lithuania (1988)

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Institute of the Fathers of Schönstatt      (1)

Francisco Javier Errázuriz Ossa, archbishop of Santiago de Chile, Chile (2001)

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Congregation of Monks Studitas of Ukraine (M.S.U.)      (1)

Lubomyr Husar, archbishop major of Lviv of the Ukrainians, Ukraine (2001)

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Congregation of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (C.I.C.M.)      (2)

Frédéric Etsou-Nzabi-Bamungwabi, archbishop of Kinshasa, Zaire (1991)
Jean Schotte, secretary general of the World Synod of Bishops (1994)

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Pontifical Institute for Foreign Missions (P.I.M.E.)      (1)

Giovanni Bonzano, titular archbishop of Melitene, apostolic delegate to the United States of America (1922)

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Cardinals religious created by:
St. Pius X (1903-1914) -- 7
Benedict XV (1914-1922) -- 4
Pius XI (1922-1939) -- 15
Pius XII (1939-1958) -- 2
John XXIII (1958-1963) -- 10
Paul VI (1963-1978) -- 23
John Paul II (1978-2005) -- 49
Total -- 110

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