The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Titles
S. Cajo --- S. Frumencio ai Prati Fiscale

S. Caio (Cajo) S. Callisto S. Camillo de Lellis agli Orti Sallustiani S. Carlo ai Catinari S. Carlo al Corso S. Cecilia S. Cesareo in Palatio

S. Chiara a Vigna Clara S. Ciriaco alle Terme Diocleziane S. Clemente S. Corbiniano S. Crescenziana Crescentianae

S. Crisogono S. Croce in Gerusalemme S. Croce in Via Flaminia S. Cuore di Gesù agonizzante a Vitinia S. Cuore di Maria

Ss. XII (Dodici) Apostoli S. Dorotea S. Emiliana Æmilianae S. Emerenziana a Tor Fiorenza Equitii Eudoxiæ S. Eufemia S. Eusebio

Ss. Fabiano e Venanzio a Villa Fiorelli Fasciolae S. Felice da Cantalice a Centocelle Ss. Filippo e Giacomo

S. Francesco d'Assisi ad Acilia S. Francesco d'Assisi a Ripa Grande S. Frumencio ai Prati Fiscale

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S. Caio (Cajo)
This title is one of the first 25 titles erected by Pope Saint Alexander I ca. 112. It appears in the list of the Roman Synod of March 1, 499. It was suppressed ca. 600 by Pope Saint Gregory I the Great (590-604), who transferred it to the title of S. Susanna. This title is also listed as Gaii.

Benedetto (494)
Title suppressed ca. 600

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S. Callisto
According to Cristofori, this title may have been established in 1456 by Pope Callistus III (1455-1458) but most probably, he believed, it was established, or confirmed, on July 6, 1517 by Pope Leo X (1513-1521) just after he greatly increased the number of cardinals in the consistory of July 1, 1517.

Francesco Armellini de' Medici (1517-1523)
Vacant (1523-1531)
Alfonso Manrique de Lara y Solís (1531-1532)
Vacant (1532-1537)
Jacopo Sadoleto (1537-1545)
Vacant (1545-1552)
Sebastiano Antonio Pighini (1552-1553)
Pietro Tagliavia d'Aragonia (1555-1558)
Ludovico Madruzzo (1561-1562)
Innocenzo Ciocchi del Monte (1562-1564)
Angelo Nicolini (1565-1567)
Gianpaolo Della Chiesa (1568-1570)
Marcantonio Maffei (1570-1583)
Vacant (1583-1608)
Lanfranco Margotti (1608-1610)
François de La Rochefoucauld (1610-1645)
Tiberio Cenci (1645-1653)
Prospero Caffarelli (1654-1659)
Vincenzo Costaguti (1660)
Pietro Vidoni, seniore (1661-1673)
Fabrizio Spada (1676-1689)
Niccolò Acciaioli (1689-1693)
Toussaint de Forbin de Janson (1693-1713)
Gianantonio Davia (1713-1725)
Prospero Marefoschi (1725-1728)
Leandro di Porzia, O.S.B.Cas. (1728-1740)
Henri-Osvald de la Tour d'Auvergne de Bouillon (1740-1747)
Silvio Valenti Gonzaga (1747-1753)
Fortunato Tamburini, O.S.B.Cas. (1753-1761)
Vacant (1761-1767)
Urbano Paracciani (1767-1777)
Tommaso Maria Ghilini (1778-1783)
Gregorio Barnaba Chiaramonti, O.S.B.Cas. (1785-1800)
Carlo Giuseppe Filippa della Martiniana (1800-1802)
Antonio Despuig y Dameto (1803-1813)
Domenico Spinucci (1816-1823)
Mauro Cappellari, O.S.B.Cam. (1826-1831)
Luigi Lambruschini, C.R.S.P. (1832-1842)
Luigi Vannicelli Casoni (1842-1847)
Vacant (1847-1852)
Thomas Gousset (1851-1866)
Jean Baptiste François Pitra, O.S.B. (1867-1879)
Gustav Adolph von Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst (1884-1895)
Isidoro Verga (1896)
Agostino Ciasca, O.E.S.A. (1899-1902)
Carlo Nocella (1903-1908)
Antonio Vico (1912-1915)
Alessio Ascalesi (1916-1952)
Marcello Mimmi (1953-1958)
Alfonso Castaldo (1958-1966)
Corrado Ursi (1967-2003)
Vacant (2003-2012)
Willem Jacobus Eijk (2012-

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S. Camillo de Lellis agli Orti Sallustiani
Established by Pope Paul VI on February 5, 1965, by the apostolic constitution Sacris Romanae Ecclesiae.

Paul Zoungrana, M.Afr. (1965-2000)
Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne (2001-

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S. Carlo ai Catinari
This title was established on October 17, 1616 by Pope Paul V (1605-1621) when the title of S. Biagio dell'Anello was suppressed. It was suppressed in 1627 by Pope Urban VIII (1623-1644) and transferred to the church of S. Carlo al Corso (or Ss. Ambrogio e Carlo al Corso).

Ottavio Belmosto (1616-1618)
Luigi Capponi (1621-1622)
Giovanni Delfino (1622)
Vacant (1622-1627)
Title suppressed in 1627

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S. Carlo al Corso
This title, also known as Ss. Ambrogio e Carlo, was established on October 6, 1627 by Pope Urban VIII (1623-1644), when the title of S. Carlo ai Catinari was suppressed. It was suppressed on September 5, 1639, by the same pope, per desuetudine.

Desiderio Scaglia, O.P. (1627-1639)

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S. Cecilia
This title was erected almost immediately after the death of the young martyr, probably during the persecution of Diocletian (303 to 311). It is not known which pope established it. The title was listed in the Roman Synod of March 1, 499. According to the catalog of Pietro Mallio, composed during the pontificate of Alexander III (1159-1181), this title was attached to Saint Peter's Basilica and its priests were to celebrate mass there in turn. The church i located at Piazza di Santa Cecilia, 22, Rome.

Martiniano (494-?) (1)
Marciano (499-before 514)
Ponzio (514-?)
Vittore (590-before 604) (2)
Rufo (604-?)
Giovanni (714-before 734?)
Sisinnio (721-before 741)
Maginensio Ascanio (741-761)
Stefano (761-768)
Giusto (827-before 853)
Leone (853-before 867)
Leone (867-before 872)
Giovanni (872-?)
Stefano (964-before 967)
Gianvier (965-before 1012)
Stefano (before 1012-before 1033)
Stefano (1033-1043)
Giovanni (1044-before 1058)
Desiderio, O.S.B. (1059-1086)
Giovanni (1099-?)
Pietro (ca. 1099-ca. 1107)
Giovanni (1107-ca. 1120)
Gian Roberto Capizzuchi (1126/1127-1128/1120)
Joselmo (1128-ca. 1138)
Goizzone (1140-ca. 1146)
Ottaviano de' Monticelli (1151-1159)
Pietro (1159-?)
Manfredo, O.S.B. (1173-1176)
Tiberio Savelli (1176-1178)
Pietro (1178) (3)
Cinzio Papareschi (1178-1182)
Pietro Diana (1188-1208)
Paio Galvão, O.S.B. (1210-1212)
Simon de Sully (1231-1232)
Simon de Brion (1261-1281)
Jean Cholet (1281-1293)
Tommaso d'Ocre, O.Cel. (1294-1300)
Guillaume Pierre Godin, O.P. (1312-1317) (4)
Guy de Boulogne (1342-1350) (5)
Bertrand Lagier, O.F.M. (1375-1378) (6)
Bonaventura Badoaro de Peraga, O.E.S.A. (1378-1381 or 1389)
Adam Easton, O.S.B. (1389-1398)
Guillaume de Vergy (1391-1407), pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement VII
Antonio Gaetani (1402-1405)
Antonio de Challant (1412-1418)
Louis Aleman, C.R.S.J. (1426-1440); deprived (1440-1449); restored (1449-1450)
Rinaldo Piscicello (1457)
Niccolò Fortiguerra (1460-1473)
Giovanni Battista Cibo (1474-1484)
Giovanni Giacomo Schiaffinati (1484-1497) (7)
Francisco de Borja (1500-1506)
Francesco Alidosi (1506-1511)
Carlo Domenico del Carretto (1513-1514)
Thomas Wolsey (1515-1530)
Gabriel de Gramont (1531-1534)
Francesco Cornaro, seniore (1534)
Jean du Bellay (1535-1547)
Charles I de Guise de Lorraine (1547-1555)
Robert de Lénoncourt (1555-1560)
Alfonso Gesualdo (1561-1572)
Vacant (1572-1585)
Niccolò Sfondrati (1585-1590)
Paolo Emilio Sfondrati (1591-1611); in commendam (1611-1618)
Giambattista Leni (1618-1627)
Federico Baldissera Bartolomeo (1627-1629)
Giandomenico Spinola (1629-1646)
Michel Mazzarino, O.P. (1647-1648)
Gasparo Mattei (1648-1650)
Francesco Angelo Rapaccioli (1650-1657)
Ottavio Acquaviva d'Aragona, iuniore (1658-1674)
Philip Thomas Howard of Norfolk, O.P. (1676-1679)
Giambattista Spinola, seniore (1681-1696)
Celestino Sfondrati, O.S.B. (1696)
Giacomo Antonio Morigia, C.R.S.P. (1699-1708)
Francesco Acquaviva d'Aragona (1709-1724); in commendam (1724-725)
Filippo Antonio Gualterio (1725-1726)
Cornelio Bentivoglio (1727-1732)
Troiano Acquaviva d'Aragona (1733-1747)
Joaquín Fernández Portocarrero Mendoza (1747-1753); in commendam (1753-1760)
Giorgio Doria (1757-1759)
Cosimo Imperiali (1759-1764)
Giuseppe Maria Feroni (1764-1767)
Ferdinando Maria de Rossi (1767-1775)
Girolamo Spinola (1775); in commendam (1775-1784)
Hyacinthe-Sigismond Gerdil, C.R.S.P. (1784-1802)
Giuseppe Maria Doria Pamphili (1802-1803); in commendam (1803-1816)
Giorgio Doria Pamphilj (1818-1837)
Giacomo Luigi Brignole (1838-1847); in commendam (1847-1853)
Giovanni Brunelli (1853-1861)
Karl August von Reisach (1861-1868)
Innocenzo Ferrieri (1868-1887)
Mariano Rampolla del Tindaro (1887-1913)
Domenico Serafini, O.S.B.Cas. (1914-1918)
Augusto Silj (1919-1926)
Bonaventura Cerretti (1926-1933)
Francesco Marmaggi (1936-1949)
Gaetano Cicognani (1953-1959)
Albert Gregory Meyer (1959-1965)
John Patrick Cody (1967-1982)
Carlo Maria Martini, S.J. (1983-2012)
Gualtiero Bassetti (2014-

(1) Omitted by Cristofori, he is said to have been occupant of the title by Annuaire Pontifical Catholique.
(2) Omitted by Cristofori, he is said to have been occupant of the title by Annuaire Pontifical Catholique.
(3) Cristofori indicates that he was the occupant in 1185. Annuaire Pontifical Catholique says that he confuses this cardinal with Pietro Diana.
(4) According to Cristofori, Cardinal Godin was also commendatario from 1317 to 1336 and was succeeded (incerto) by Cardinal Raymond de Montfort (or Ramon), O.deM. Hierarchia Catholica indicates that this is erroneous because his titular church was S. Stefano al Monte Celio.
(5) Cristofori indicates that he was also commendatario ? from 1350-1373.
(6) Cristofori indicates that he was also commendatario from 1378 to 1392.
(7) Cristofori lists Cardinal Lorenzo Cybo de Mari as occupant of this title from 1497 to 1500.

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S. Cesareo in Palatio
This title was established by Pope Leo X (1513-1521) on July 6, 1517, just after he greatly increased the number of cardinals in the consistory of July 1, 1517. The title was also known as S. Cesareo in Turri, or in domo Corsarum, or ad Corsas, or in Monasterio. It was suppressed in 1587 by Pope Sixtus V (1585-1590). Pope Clement VIII (1592-1605) restored it as a deaconry in 1600.

Niccolò Pandolfini (1517-1518)
Vacant (1518-1530)
Louis de Gorrevod (1530-1535)
Vacant (1535-1540)
Bartolomeo Guidiccioni (1540-1543)
Cristoforo Madruzzo (1545-1560)
Pier Francesco Ferrero (1561)
Vacant (1561-1570)
Archangelo de' Bianchi, O.P. (1570-1580)
Vacant (1580-1587)
Title suppressed in 1587

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S. Chiara a Vigna Clara
Established by Pope Paul VI (1963-1978) in 1969.

Gordon Joseph Gray (1969-1993)
Vinko Puljić (1994-

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S. Ciriaco alle Terme Diocleziane
This title was listed in the Roman Synod of March 1, 499. According to the catalog of Pietro Mallio, composed during the pontificate of Alexander III (1159-1181), it was attached to the Basilica of S. Maria Maggiore and its priests were to celebrate mass there in turn. In the twelfth century it was referred to as S. Ciriaco in thermis and in the pontificate of Pope John XXII (1316-1334), as S. Ciriaco in Verminis. The title was suppressed in 1477 by Pope Sixtus IV (1471-1481), who transferred it to the ancient church of Ss. Quirico e Giulitta presso l'Arco dei Pantani. The old name of S. Ciriaco remained until 1587 when Pope Sixtus V (1585-1590) changed it to the new one, Ss. Quirico e Giulita. It should be noted that Quirico and Ciriaco are homonymous.

Marciano (494-?)
Aventino (590-?)
Costantino (721-before 745)
Procopio (745-before 761)
Saxolo (761-?)
Leone (853-before 867)
Leone (867-?)
Marino (between 939 and 942-942)
Giovanni (ca. 1067-?)
Romano (?-1099?), pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement II.
Crisogono (1099-ca. 1105)
Domnizzone (1105-before 1117)
Crisogono (ca. 1117-ca. 1122)
Oderisio, O.S.B.Cas. (1122-1126)
Rustico (1128-before 1142)
Niccolò (1143-1151?)
Lombardo (1171-1179)
Giovanni Domenico Trinci (1213?-1219?) (1)
Riccardo di Montecassino, O.S.B. (1255/1256-1262) (2)
Étienne de Suisy (1305-1311)
Guillaume Teste (1312-1326)
Bernard d'Albi (1338-1349)
Niccolò Caracciolo Moschino, O.P. (1378-1389)
Giovanni Piacentini (1387-1404), pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement VII
Cristoforo Maroni (1389-1404)
Matthäus von Krakau (1408-1410)
Johann von Bucka, O. Praem. (1426-1430)
Vacant (1430-1439)
Dénes Szécsi (1440-1465)
Thomas Bourchier (1468-1486)
Bernardino Lunati (1493-1497)
Pietro Isvalies (1500-1511)
Vacant (1511-1517)
Scaramuccia Trivulzio (1517-1527)
Agostino Spinola (1527-1534)
Francesco Cornaro, seniore (1534-1535)
Giacomo Simonetta (1535-1537)
Girolamo Aleandro (1538)
Pietro Bembo, O.S.Hier. (1539-1542)
Pomponio Cecci (1542)
Gregorio Cortese, O.S.B. (1542-1548)
Bernardino Maffei (1549-1553)
Giovanni Andrea Mercurio (1553-1560)
Ludovico Simonetta (1561-1566)
Gianfrancesco Commendone (1566-1574)
Vacant (1574-1580)
Pedro de Deza (1580-1584)
Alessandro Ottaviano de' Medici (1584-1587)
Title suppressed in 1587 and transferred to the new title of SS. Quirico e Giulita

(1) Cristofori listed him among the occupants of this title but Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi doubts that he was ever promoted to the cardinalate because there are no papal bulls signed by him.
(2) Cristofori listed him among the occupants of this title but Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi indicates that no papal bulls signed by him have been found.

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S. Clemente
This title was mentioned by Saint Jerome in his life of Saint Clement in De Viris illustrii, 15, Patrologiae Latinae, 23, 663. According to the catalog of Pietro Mallio, composed during the pontificate of Alexander III (1159-1181), this title was attached to the Basilica of S. Maria Maggiore and its priests were to celebrate mass there in turn.

Pietro (494-before 499)
Urbico (499-?) (1)
Mercurio (before 532-532)
Gioviano (537-?)
Specio (590-?)
Gregorio (721-before 745)
Gregorio (745-?)
Sergio (853-?)
Giovanni (993-before 1012)
Sebastiano (1012-ca. 1021)
Roberto (1021-ca. 1029)
Benedetto (ca. 1029-before 1049)
Ugo Candidus, O.S.B. (1049-1061)
Romano (1061-ca. 1063)
Pietro Orsini (1069 or 1070-ca. 1073)
Raniero, O.S.B.Clun. (1073-1078)
Gianroberto Capizucchi (1088-ca. 1095)
Anastasio (ca. 1095-1125)
Raniero (1097-ca. 1101)
Ascanio (1105-ca. 1112)
Anastasio (1112-1125)
Luigi Lucidi (1120?-?) (2)
Uberto Ratta (1125-ca. 1138) (3)
Lucio Boezio, O.S.B.Vallombrosa (1138?-ca. 1144)
Bernardo, Can. Reg. Lat. of S. Frediano di Lucca (1145-1158)
Errico (1161), pseudocardinal of Antipope Victor IV
Opizo (1167), pseudocardinal of Antipope Paschal III
Vernavero (1170-ca. 1178) (4)
Ugo Pierleoni (1178-ca. 1183)
Pietro Orsini (1188) (5)
Giovanni (1189-1199)
Vacant (1199-1294) (?)
Guillaume de Ferrières (1294-1295)
Giacomo Tomasi Caetani, O.F.M. (1295-1300)
Bernard Garves (1316-1328)
Pierre Bertrand, seniore (1331-1349)
Gil Álvarez de Albornoz, Can. Reg. of Saint Augustine (1350-1356)
Guillaume de la Jugié (1368-1374)
Pierre de la Jugée, O.S.B.Clun. (1375-1376)
Gérard du Puy, O.S.B.Clun. (1377-1389), joined the obedience of Antipope Clement VII in 1378
Poncello Orsini (1378-1395)
Jaime de Aragón (1389-1391), pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement VII
Berenguer d'Anglesola (1397-1406), pseudocardinal of Antipope Benedict XIII
Gabriele Condulmer, Can. Reg. of Saint Augustine of S. Giorgio in Alga (1408-1411)
Branda Castiglione, pseudocardinal of Antipope John XXIII (1411-1417); (1417-1431)
Hugues de Lusignan (1431)
Francesco Condulmer (1431-1445)
Enrico Rampini (1446-1450)
Vacant (1450-1456)
Giovanni Castiglione (1457-1460)
Bartolomeo Roverella (1462-1476)
Giacopo Antonio Venier (1476-1479)
Domenico della Rovere (1479-1501)
Jaime Serra i Cau (1502-1511)
Francesco Argentino (1511)
Vacant (1511-1517)
Giulio de' Medici (1517)
Luigi de' Rossi (1517-1519)
Domenico Giacobazzi (1519-1527)
Andrea Matteo Palmieri (1527-1537)
Girolamo Ghinucci (1537-1541)
Gian Pietro Carafa (1541-1543)
Rodolfo Pio (1543-1544)
Pietro Bembo,, O.S.Hier. (1544-1547)
Juan Álvarez y Toledo, O.P. (1547-1551)
Giovanni Battista Cicala (1551-1565)
Gianantonio Capizucchi (1565-1569)
Luigi Cornaro (1569-1570)
Giovanni Antonio Serbelloni (1570)
Stanisław Hosius (1570-1578)
Gianfrancesco Gambara (1578-1579)
Mark Sittich von Hohenems (1579-1580)
Alfonso Gesualdo (1580-1583)
Prospero Santacroce (1583-1589)
Vincenzo Lauro (1589-1592)
Flaminio Piatti (1593-1596)
Giovanni Francesco Biandrate di San Giorgio Aldobrandini (1596-1605)
Carlo Conti (1605-1613)
Jean de Bonsi (1615-1621)
Desiderio Scaglia, O.P. (1621-1626)
Giandomenico Spinola (1626-1629); kept the denomination of S. Clemente (1629-1637)
Marcantonio Franciotti (1637-1639)
Vincenzo Maculani, O.P. (1642-1667)
Innico Caracciolo, seniore (1667-1685)
Vacant (1685-1690)
Ferdinando d'Adda (1690-1696)
Tommaso Maria Ferrari, O.P. (1696-1716)
Vacant (1716-1722)
Annibale Albani (1722-1730); in commendam (1730-1751)
Cosimo Imperiali (1753-1759)
Gian Francesco Albani (1759-1760)
Carlo Rezzonico (1763-1772)
Francesco Carafa della Spina (1773-1788)
Stefano Borgia (1789-1804)
Vacant (1804-1816)
Benedetto Naro (1816-1832)
Benedetto Cappelletti (1832-1834)
Francesco Canali (1834-1835)
Pietro Ostini (1836-1843)
Antonio Maria Cadolini, C.R.S.P.(1843-1851)
Domenico Lucciardi (1852-1864)
Henri-Marie-Gaston Boisnormand de Bonnechose (1864-1883)
Guglielmo Sanfelice d'Acquavella, O.S.B.Cas. (1884-1897)
Guillaume-Marie-Romain Sourrieu (1898-1899)
Gennaro Portanova (1899-1908)
William Henry O'Connell (1911-1944)
John Joseph Glennon (1946)
Jan de Jong (1946-1955)
Amleto Giovanni Cicognani (1958-1962)
Lawrence Joseph Shehan (1965-1984)
Adrianus Johannes Simonis (1985-

(1) Cristofori lists Servodio as occupant of this title in 499 but his existence has not been ascertained.
(2) Annuaire Pontifical Catholique notes that in that year the title was occupied by Cardinal Anastasio, iuniore, who according to Jaffé, Regesta pontificum Romanorum, signed the papal bulls from 1116 to 1125, unless he (Jaffé) failed to place Cardinal Louis Lucidi between 1112 and 1116.
(3) Cristofori lists Eriberto? (1127?) and Urbano? (1133) as occupants of this title but their existence has not been ascertained.
(4) Cristofori indicates that he was assigned to this title in 1179 but Annuaire Pontifical Catholique says that he is mistaken.
(5) Cristofori lists him as occupant of the title in 1180 (both name and date with a ?) followed by a Peter (1188) who is the same cardinal.

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S. Corbiniano
The title of S. Corbiniano was established by Pope Benedict XVI in the consistory of November 20, 2010. This titular church is dedicated to the patron saint of the archdiocese of München und Freising, Germany.

Reinhard Marx (2010-

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S. Crescenziana
The title Crescentianae was listed in the Roman Synod of March 1, 499. It probably corresponded to the Basilica Crescentiana, which the Liber Pontificalis says was founded by Pope Saint Anastasius I (399-401). Both Duchesne and Kirsch are in agreement in assigning this title to that of S. Sisto. Cristofori says that the title was suppressed ca. 600 by Pope Saint Gregory I the Great (590-604).

Bono (494)

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Crescentianae
See S. Crescenziana

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S. Crisogono
The title Chrysogono was erected by Pope Saint Alexander I ca 112. It was listed in the Roman Synod of March 1, 499. Crisogono was a martyr who was held in high esteem, for his name was introduced into the canon of the Mass during the sixth century. According to the catalog of Pietro Mallio, composed during the pontificate of Alexander III (1159-1181), this title was attached to Saint Peter's basilica and its priests were to celebrate mass there in turn. The title is also listed as S. Grisogono. The church is entrusted to the Order of the Most Blessed Trinity (Trinitarians). The church is located at Piazza Sonnino, 44, Rome.

Pietro (494-?)
Giovanni (590-?) (1)
Gregorio (726-731)
Stefano (745-752)
Zaccaria (853-after 867)
Giovanni (872-?)
Pietro (875-after 879)
Teofilatto (963-before 1026)
Giovanni (ca. 1025-before 1033)
Pietro (1033-before 1044)
Pietro (1044-ca. 1054)
Frédéric de Lorraine, O.S.B. Cas. (1057)
Gregorio (1088-ca. 1092)
Bernardo degli Uberti, O.S.B.Vallombrose (ca. 1097-1099)
Cenzio, pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement III, after 1098-?
Guy (1105-1106)
Gregorio (1112-1113)
Teodoro (1113-ca. 1117)
Giovanni da Crema (1117-ca. 1135) (2)
Bernardo (1136-ca. 1138)
Guido Bellagi (1138-1158)
Bonadies de Bonadie (1158-1165)
Pietro (1173-1180)
Stephen Langton (1205-1228)
Robert Somercotes (1239-1241)
Corrado Caracciolo (1404-1411)
Pierre d'Ailly (1411-1420), pseudocardinal of Antipope John XXIII, 1411-1417
Vacant (1417-1440)
António Martins de Chaves (1440-1447)
Antonio Cerdá y Lloscos, O.SS.T. (1448-1459)
Giacomo Ammannati-Piccolomini (1462-1477)
Girolamo Basso della Rovere (1479-1492)
Giovanni Battista Ferrari (1500-1502)
Adriano de Castello (1503-1518)
Albrecht von Brandenburg (1518-1521)
Eberhard von der Mark (1521-1538)
Girolamo Aleandro (1538-1542)
Pietro Bembo, O.S.Hier. (1542-1544)
Uberto Gambara (1544-1549)
Jean du Bellay (1549-1550)
Antoine Sanguin de Meudon (1550-1559)
Cristoforo Madruzzo (1560)
Jean Bertrand (1560)
Charles II de Bourbon -Vendôme (1561-1590)
Domenico Pinelli, seniore (1591-1602)
Camillo Borghese (1602-1605)
Carlo Conti (1605)
Scipione Caffarelli-Borghese (1606-1629); in commendam (1629-1633)
Pietro Maria Borghese, pro illa vice deaconry (1633-1642)
Fausto Poli (1643-1653)
Lorenzo Imperiali (1654-1673)
Giambattista Spada (1673-1675)
Carlo Pio, iuniore (1675-1681)
Paluzzo Paluzzi Altieri degli Albertoni (1681-1684)
Giulio Spinola (1684-1689)
Fabrizio Spada (1689-1708)
Filippo Antonio Gualterio (1708-1725)
Prospero Marefoschi (1725)
Giulio Alberoni (1728-1740)
Sigismund von Kollonitsch (1740-1751)
Giovanni Giacomo Millo (1753-1757)
Giovanni Battista Rovero (1758-1766)
Filippo Maria Pirelli (1766-1771)
Vacant (1771-1775)
Francesco Maria Banditi, Theat. (1775-1796)
Vacant (1796-1853)
Gioacchino Pecci (1853-1878)
Friedrich Egon von Fürstenberg (1880-1892)
Philipp Krementz (1893-1899)
Francesco di Paola Cassetta (1899-1905)
Pietro Maffi (1907-1931)
Theodor Innitzer (1933-1955)
Antonio María Barbieri, O.F.M.Cap. (1958-1979)
Bernard Yago (1983-1997)
Paul Shan-Kuo-Hsi, S. J. (1998-2012)
Andrew Yeom Soo-jung (2014-

(1) Cristofori lists Stefano (future Pope Stephen III or IV) among the occupants of this title in 745. Annuaire Pontifical Catholique, in his biography, indicates that he was a monk of S. Crisogono and that he was cardinal priest of the title of S. Cecilia in 761.
(2) Cristofori says that he occupied this title in 1099.

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S. Croce in Gerusalemme
It was erected ca. 600 by Pope Saint Gregory I the Great (590-604) to replace that of S. Nicomede in Via Nomentana, which he suppressed. According to the catalog of Pietro Mallio, composed during the pontificate of Alexander III (1159-1181), this title was attached to the Basilica of S. Lorenzo fuori le mura and its priests were to celebrate mass there in turn.The title still exists in the basilica founded by Empress Helena, mother of Emperor Constantine.

Leone (964-?)
Giovanni (1012-before 1033) (1)
Amico, seniore, O.S.B. (1088-ca. 1122)
Amico, iuniore, O.S.B.Cas. (1120-1122)
Gerardo Caccianemici dell'Orso, Can. Reg. of S. Maria di Reno (1122-1144)
Thibaud, O.S.B.Clun. (1171-1178) (2)
Ardoino, Can. Reg. di S. Frediano di Lucca (1178-ca. 1184)
Albino, Can. Reg. of S. Maria di Crescenziano (1185-1189)
Leone Brancaleone, Can. Reg. di S. Frediano of Lucca (1202-1230) (3)
Pietro L'Aquila, O.S.B. (1294-1298)
Teodorico Ranieri (1298-1299)
Raymond de Canilhac, Can. Reg. of Saint Augustine (1350-1361)
Guy de Malsec (1375-1383)
Cosma Gentile de' Migliorati (1389-1404)
Giovanni Migliorati (1405-1410)
Francesco Lando (1411-1424)
Niccolò Albergati, O.Carth. (1426-1443)
Domenico Capranica (1443 or 1444-1458)
Angelo Capranica (1460-1472); in commendam (1472-1478)
Pedro González de Mendoza (1478-1495)
Bernardino López de Carvajal (1495-1507); in commendam (1507-1511) (4)
Antonio Maria Ciocchi del Monte, in commendam (no date found)
Francisco de los Ángeles Quiñones, O.F.M. (1528-1540)
Marcello Cervini (1540-1555)
Bartolomé de la Cueva y Toledo (1555-1562)
Gianantonio Capizucchi (1562-1565)
Francisco Pacheco de Toledo (1565-1579)
Albrecht von Austria (1580-1598)
Francisco de Ávila (1599-1606)
Ascanio Colonna (1606)
Antonio Zapata y Cisneros (1606-1616)
Gaspar Borja y Velasco (1616-1630)
Baltasar Moscoso y Sandoval (1630-1665)
Alfonso Litta (1666-1679)
Johann Eberhard Nidhard, S.J. (1679-1681)
Decio Azzolini, iuniore (1681-1683)
Vacant (1683-1689)
Pedro de Salaza Gutiérrez de Toledo, O. de M. (1689-1706)
Ulisse Giuseppe Gozzadini (1709-1728)
Prospero Lorenzo Lambertini (1728-1740)
Giuseppe Firrao (1740-1744)
Gioacchino Bessozzi, O.Cist. (1744-1755)
Luca Melchiore Tempi (1757-1762)
Ludovico Valenti (1762-1763)
Niccolò Serra (1766-1767)
Vacant (1767-1775)
Antonio Eugenio Visconti (1775-1788)
František de Paula Hrzán z Harras (1788-1804)
Vacant (1804-1816)
Alessandro Malvasia (1816-1819)
Placido Zurla, O.S.B.Cam. (1823-1834)
Alessandro Giustiniani (1834-1843)
Antonio Maria Cagiano de Azevedo (1844-1854)
János Scitovszky (1854-1866)
Raffaele Monaco La Valetta (1868-1884)
Lucido Maria Parocchi (1884-1889)
Pierre-Lambert Goossens (1889-1906)
Benedetto Lorenzelli (1907-1915)
Willem Marinus van Rossum, C.SS.R. (1915-1932)
Pietro Fumasoni Biondi (1933-1960)
Giuseppe Antonio Ferretto (1961)
Efrem Forni (1962-1976)
Victor Razafimahatratra, S.J. (1976-1993)
Miloslaw Vlk (1994-

(1) Cristofori lists Giovanni ? in 1033 ? as occupant of this title but his existence has not been ascertained.
(2) Cristofori indicates that he occupied this title in 1179 and that he was a monk from Cluny.
(3) According to Cristofori, Cardinal Pietro da Capua occupied this title in 1221 but Hierarchia Catholica indicates that at that time he was cardinal deacon of S. Giorgio in Velabro.
(4) According to Cristofori, Cardinal Bernardino López de Carvajal was commendatario from 1507 to 1511 when he was deposed by Pope Julius II. Cardinal Antonio Maria Ciocchi del Monte occupied the title from 1511 to 1513, when López de Carvajal was reintegrated as a cardinal and occupied it as commendatario from 1513 until his death in 1523. Then, Cardinal Ciocchi del Monte was commendatario from 1523 until 1528.

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S. Croce in Via Flaminia
Established by Pope Paul VI on February 5, 1965, by the apostolic constitution Omnibus quidem.

Joseph Beran (1965-1969)
Bolesław Kominek (1973-1974)
William Wakefield Baum (1976-

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S. Cuore di Gesù agonizzante a Vitinia
Established by Pope Paul VI (1963-1978) in 1969.

Julio Rosales y Ras (1969-1983)
Mario Luigi Ciappi, O.P. (1987-1996)
Vacant (1996-2003)
Telesphore Placidus Toppo (2003-

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S. Cuore di Maria
Established by Pope Paul VI on February 5, 1965, by the apostolic constitution Sacrum Patrum Cardinalium.

Ángel Herrera Oria (1965-1968)
Arcadio María Larraona, C.M.F. (1969-1973)
Lawrence Trevor Picachy, S.J. (1976-1992)
Julius Riyadi Darmaatmadja, S.J. (1994-

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Ss. XII (Dodici) Apostoli
This title, named originally Ss. Filippo e Giacomo, was erected ca. 112 by Pope Saint Alexander I. It was confirmed by Pope Pelagius I ca. 555. Pope John III confirmed it again in 560 and named it Ss. XII Apostoli when he consecrated its newly built church on May 1. According to the catalog of Pietro Mallio, composed during the pontificate of Alexander III (1159-1181), this title was attached to the Basilica of S. Maria Maggiore and its priests were to celebrate mass there in turn. The title is also listed as Ss. Apostoli.

Epifanio (494-?)
Agapito (530?-535)
Andromaco (590-?)
Marino (721-?)
Giovanni (964-before 993)
Giovanni (993-?)
Bernardo (1067-before 1073)
Giovanni (ca. 1073-before 1099)
Guerino (1084-ca. 1099?), pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement II
Gregorio Gaetani (1099-ca. 1112)
Ugo Visconti (ca. 1112-1121)
Gregorio Conti (1122-ca. 1130)
Alberto (1152-?)
Ildebrando Grassi, Can. Reg. of S. Maria di Reno (1157-1178)
Ildeberto (1179-ca. 1182)
Pandolfo Masca (1182-1201)
Stefano di Ceccano, O.Cist. (1213-1227)
Guillaume de Talliante, O.S.B.Clun. (1244-1250)
Annibale d'Annibaldi, O.P. (1262-1272)
Gerardo Bianchi (1278-1281)
Imbert Dupuis (1327-1348)
Pectin de Montesquieu (1350-1355)
Pierre de la Forêt (1356-1361)
Bernard du Bosquet (1368-1371)
Robert de Genève (1371-1378)
Jan Očko z Vlašim (1378-1380)
Fernando Pérez Calvillo (1397-1404), pseudocardinal of Antipope Benedict XIII
Pietro Filargis, O.F.M. (1405-1409)
Louis de Bar (1409-1412), pseudocardinal of Antipope Alexander V.
Bessarion (1440-1449); in commendam (1449-1472)
Pietro Riario, O.F.M.Conv., in commendam (1472-1474)
Giuliano della Rovere, in commendam (1475-1503)
Clemente Grosso della Rovere, O.F.M.Conv. (1503-1504)
Leonardo Grosso della Rovere (1505-1508)
Francesco Soderini (1508-1511)
Niccolò Fieschi (1511-1517)
Pompeo Colonna (1517-1524); in commendam (1524-1526); deprived (1526-1527); in commendam again (1527-1532)
Alfonso de Manrique de Lara y Solís (1532-1538)
Pedro Sarmiento (1538-1541)
Miguel da Silva (1542-1543)
Durante Duranti (1545-1557)
Mark Sittich von Hohenems, pro illa vice deaconry (1561-1563); title (1563-1565)
Marco Antonio Colonna, seniore (1565-1580)
Vacant (1580-1585)
Rodrigo de Castro Osorio (1585-1600)
François d'd'Escoubleau de Sourdis (1600-1606)
Domenico Ginnasi (1606-1624)
Desiderio Scaglia, O.P. (1626-1627)
Vacant (1627-1634)
Francesco Maria Brancaccio (1634-1663)
Paluzzo Paluzzi Altieri degli Albertoni (1666-1681)
Lorenzo Brancati di Lauria, O.F.M.Conv. (1681-1693)
Vacant (1693-1698)
Giorgio Cornaro (1698-1722)
Benedetto Odescalchi-Erba (1725-1740)
Domenico Riviera (1741-1752)
Henry Benedict Mary Clement Stuart of York (1752-1759); in commendam (1759-1761)
Lorenzo Ganganelli, O.F.M.Conv. (1762-1769)
Francisco de Solís Folch de Cardona (1769-1775)
Giovanni Archinto (1776-1795)
Francisco Antonio de Lorenzana y Butrón (1797-1804)
Vacant (1804-1812)
Dionisio Bardaxí y Azara (1816-1822)
Carlo Odescalchi (1823-1833)
Francesco Serra (1833-1850)
Antonio Francesco Orioli, O.F.M.Conv. (1850-1852)
Giusto Recanati, O.F.M.Cap. (1853-1861)
Antonio Maria Panebianco, O.F.M.Conv. (1861-1885)
José Sebastião Neto, O.F.M.Disc. (1886-1920)
Pietro LaFontaine (1921-1935)
Ignace-Gabriel I Tappouni (1935-1965)
Francesco Roberti (1967-1977)
Agostino Casaroli (1979-1985); in commendam (1985-1998)
Giovanni Battista Re (2001-2002)
Angelo Scola (2003-

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S. Dorotea
This title was established on June 12, 2014 by Pope Francis (2013-
The parish, was erected by Pope Leo XIII November 1, 1824 with the apostolic bull Super Universam and entrusted to the Friars Minor Conventual, who officiated in the church of S. Dorotea since 1730. The apostolic bull of Pope Callistus II of June 7, 1123 renamed the church with the name of S. Silvestri juxta Portam Septimianam among the branch parishes of S. Maria in Trastevere. The parish was certainly still in existence during the pontificate of Pope Leo X. The parochial title was suppressed by Pope Benedict XIII on July 29 1727 with the apostolic constitution Redemptoris nostri vicis. The name title of S. Dorotea appears for the first time in the anonymous fifteenth-century Spanish catalog S. Silvestro y Dorothea". The catalog of the churches prepared in 1566 had S. Dorothea a porta Settignana. The porta Settimiana was open on a postern of the Aurelian walls by Septimius Severus as it seems from a stone that existed in the site prior to the renovation that was done by Pope Alexander VI. The previous catalogs indicate that the church's name was S. Silvestro. The church is located at at Via di Santa Dorotea, 23, Rome. Taken from Parrochia Santa Dorotea, Vicariatus Urbe, diocesi di Roma. See also Santa Dorotea, Churches of Rome, Wiki.

Francisco Javier Lozano Barragán (2014-

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Emiliana
This title was listed in the Roman Synod of March 1, 499. It was suppressed ca. 590 by Pope Saint Gregory I the Great (590-604) and replaced with the title of Ss. Quattro Coronati.

Gioviano (494-?)

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Æmilianae
See Ss. Quattro Coronati

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S. Emerenziana a Tor Fiorenza
Established by Pope Paul VI (1963-1978) on February 11, 1973 by the apostolic constitution Ab antiquis quidem.

José Salazar López (1973-1991)
Peter Seiichi Shirayanagi (1994-2009)
Medardo Joseph Mazombwe (2010-2013)
Jean-Pierre Kutwa (2014-

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Equitii
See S. Silvestro e Martino ai Monti

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Eudoxiæ
See S. Pietro in Vincoli

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S. Eufemia
Established on February 8, 1566 by Pope Saint Pius V (1566-1572), it was suppressed in 1587 by Pope Sixtus V (1585-1590).

Guido Luca Ferrero, pro illa vice deaconry (1566)
Francesco Crasso (1566)
Vacant (1566-1570)
Giovanni Aldobrandini (1570)
Charles d'Angennes de Rambouillet (1570-1587)
Title suppressed in 1587

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S. Eusebio
The title Eusebii was called S. Eusebio nell'Esquelino and erected before 492. It was listed in the Roman Synod of March 1, 499 and appears in all the later lists. According to the catalog of Pietro Mallio, composed during the pontificate of Alexander III (1159-1181), this title was attached to the Basilica of S. Maria Maggiore and its priests were to celebrate mass there in turn. Suppressed by apostolic bull of Gregory XVI on June 8, 1839 and transferred to Ss. Andrea e Gregorio al Monte Celio, it was reinstated pro hac vice tantum by Pope Pius IX in the secret consistory of June 25, 1877.

Probiano (494-?)
Bono (590-?)
Stefano (745-before 761)
Teopempto (761-?)
Luciano (827-before 853)
Lucino (853-?)
Robert (1088-1112)
Roberto (1099-ca. 1115) (1)
Giovanni, O.S.B.Cas. (1114-1125)
Roberto (1121-1123 or before 1127)
Donato (1131-1136?), pseudocardinal of Antipope Anacletus II
Robert Pullen (?) (ca. 1142-1146)
Raniero (1165-before 1178)
Rogerio, O.S.B.Cas. (1178-ca. 1184?)
Nicolas de Fréauville, O.P. (1305-1323)
Raymond de Mostuéjouls (1327-1335)
Étienne de Poissy (1368-1373)
Guglielmo Sanseverino (1378)
Francesco Moricotti Prignani (1378-1380)
Aymeric de Magnac (1383-1385), pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement VII
Amaury de Lautrec, Can. Reg. of Saint Augustine (1385-1390), pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement VII
Alamanno Adimari (1411-1422), pseudocardinal of Antipope John XXIII
Vacant (1422-1426)
Henry Beaufort (1426-1447)
Astorgio Agnesi (1449-1451)
Richard Olivier de Longueil (1462-1470)
Oliviero Carafa (1470-1476); in commendam (1476-1511)
Pietro Accolti (1511-1523); in commendam (1523-1527)
Benedetto Accolti (1527-1549)
Francisco Mendoza de Bobadilla (1550-1566)
Antonio Carafa (1568-1573), pro illa vice deaconry
Vacant (1573-1583)
Antonio Carafa (1583-1584)
Giulio Canani (1584-1591)
Vacant (1591-1596)
Camillo Borghese (1596-1599)
Arnaud d'Ossat (1599-1604)
Ferdinando Taverna (1604-1619)
Jean de Bonsi (1621)
Marcantonio Gozzadini (1621-1623)
Lucio Sanseverino (1623)
Giacomo Cavalieri (1626-1629)
Giambattista Pamphilj (1630-1644)
Girolamo Grimaldi-Cavalleroni (1644-1655)
Nicola Guidi di Bagno (1657-1663)
Vacant (1663-1668)
Paolo Emilio Rondinini (1668)
Carlo Gualterio (1669-1673)
Camillo Massimi (1673-1676)
Vacant (1676-1689)
Pierre de Bonzi (1689-1703)
Francesco Martelli (1706-1717)
Imre Csáky (1721-1732)
Pompeio Aldrovandi (1734-1752)
Enrico Enriquez (1754-1756)
Vacant (1756-1762)
Jean-François-Joseph Rochechouart de Faudoas (1762-1777)
Guglielmo Pallotta (1777-1782)
Giovanni Andrea Archetti (1785-1800)
Giuseppe Firrao (1801-1830)
Paolo Polidori (1834-1841)
Title suppressed in 1839 (2)
Title reinstated in 1877
Johann Rudolf Kutschker (1877-1881)
Domenico Agostini (1882-1886)
Celestin Ganglbauer, O.S.B. (1886-1889)
Joseph-Alfred Foulon (1889-1893)
Benito Sanz y Forés (1893-1895)
Antonio Maria Cascajares y Azara (1896-1898)
Agostino Richelmy (1899-1911)
János Csernoch (1914-1927)
Carlo Dalmazio Minoretti (1929-1938)
Vacant (1938-1946)
Juan Gualberto Guevara (1946-1954)
Franziskus König (1958-2004)
Daniel Nicholas DiNardo (2007-

(1) Cristofori places him as successor of Robert, who he says died in 1099. Chacón says that both cardinals are one and the same as well as a third one of the same name that Cristofori places as occupant of the title between 1120 and 1123. The title was occupied from 1116 by Cardinal Giovanni, O.S.B.Cas., who Cristofori indicates was cardinal priest of S. Eusebio from 1123 to 1127.
(2) Although the title of S. Eusebio was suppressed in 1839, Cardinal Polidori did not dismiss it until 1841, when he opted for that of S. Prassede.

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Ss. Fabiano e Venanzio a Villa Fiorelli
Established on February 11, 1973 by Pope Paul VI (1963-1978) by the apostolic constitution Ecclesiae Sanctae Principibus.

Hermann Volk (1973-1988)
Ján Chryzostom Korec, S.J. (1991-

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Fasciolae
See Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo

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S. Felice da Cantalice a Centocelle
Established in 1969 by Pope Paul VI (1963-1978).

Stephen Sou Hwan Kim (1969-2009)
Luis Antonio Gokim Tagle (2012-

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Ss. Filippo e Giacomo
See Ss. XII Apostoli

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S. Francesco d'Assisi ad Acilia
Established by Pope John Paul II in 2001.

Wilfrid Fox Napier, O.F.M. (2001-

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S. Francesco d'Assisi a Ripa Grande
Established by Pope John XXIII on March 12, 1960, by the apostolic constitution Cum ob peculiaris.

Laurean Rugambwa (1960-1997)
Norberto Rivera Carrera (1998-

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S. Frumencio ai Prati Fiscale
Established by Pope John Paul II in 1988.

Alexandre José María dos Santos (1988-

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©1998-2014 Salvador Miranda.