The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Titles
Ss. Gabino (Gabinius) e Susanna --- S. Luigi Grignion de Montfort


Ss. Gabino (Gabinius) e Susanna S. Gabriele Arcangelo all'Acqua Traversa Gaii S. Gerardo Maiella Gesù Divin Maestro alla Pineta Sacchetti

S. Giacomo in Augusta S. Gioacchino ai Prati di Castello Ss. Gioacchino ed Anna al Tuscolano S. Giovanni a Porta Latina S. Giovanni Battista dei Fiorentini

S. Giovanni Battista de' Rossi S. Giovanni Crisostomo a Monte Sacro Alto Ss. Giovanni e Paolo S. Giovanni Evangelista a Spinaceto

Ss. Giovanni Evangelista e Petronio S. Giovanni Maria Vianney S. Girolamo dei Croati (degli Schiavoni) Ss. Giulio e Callisto S. Giuseppe all'Aurelio S. Giustino

Gran Madre di Dio S. Gregorio Barbarigo alle Tre Fontane S. Gregorio Magno alla Magliana Nuova S. Gregorio VII Immacolata al Tiburtino

Immacolata Concezione di Maria a Grottarossa Iulii Iuxta Pallacina S. Leone I S. Liborio S. Lorenzo in Damaso S. Lorenzo in Lucina

S. Lorenzo in Panisperna S. Luca a Via Prenestina S. Lucia a Piazza d'Armi S. Luigi dei Francesi S. Luigi Grignion de Montfort

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Ss. Gabino (Gabinius) e Susanna
See S. Susanna

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S. Gabriele Arcangelo all'Acqua Traversa
Established by Pope John Paul II in 1988

Jean Margéot (1988-2009)
José Manuel Estepa Llaurens (2010-

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Gaii
See S. Susanna

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S. Gerardo Maiella
Established by Pope John Paul II in 1994.

Kazimierz Swiatek (1994-2011)
Rubén Salazar Gómez (2012-

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Gesù Divin Lavoratore
Established in 1969 by Pope Paul VI (1963-1978).

Paul Yü Pin (1969-1978)
Vacant (1978-1983)
Joseph Louis Bernardin (1983-1996)
Christoph Schönborn, O.P. (1998-

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Gesù Divin Maestro alla Pineta Sacchetti
Established in 1969 by Pope Paul VI (1963-1978).

John Joseph Wright (1969-1979)
Vacant (1979-1983)
Thomas Stafford Williams (1983-

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S. Giacomo in Augusta
Established in 2014 by Pope Francis (2013-.

Chibly Langlois (2014-

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S. Gioacchino ai Prati di Castello
Established by Pope John XXIII on March 12, 1960, by the apostolic constitution Ad Romanorum Pontificum.

Bernardus Johannes Alfrink (1960-1987)
Michele Giordano (1988-2010)
Leopoldo José Brenes Solórzano (2014-

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Ss. Gioacchino ed Anna al Tuscolano
Established by Pope John Paul II in 1988.

Hans Hermann Groër, O.S.B. (1988-2003)
Keith Michael Patrick O'Brien (2003-

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S. Giovanni a Porta Latina
This title was established on July 6, 1517 by Pope Leo X (1513-1521) just after he greatly increased the membership of the Sacred College of Cardinals in the consistory of July 1, 1517.

Giovanni Domenico de Cupis (1517-1524); in commendam (1524-1529)
Mercurino Arborio di Gattinara (1529-1530)
Gabriel de Gramont (1530-1531)
Juan Pardo de Tavera (1531-1545)
Vacant (1545-1550)
Francisco Mendoza de Bobadilla (1550)
Vacant (1550-1556) (1)
Jean Suau (1556-1560)
Girolamo di Corregio (1561-1562)
Flavio Orsini (1565)
Alessando Crivelli, pro illa vice deaconry (1566-1570); title at unknown time during this period
Gian Girolamo Albani (1570-1591)
Ottavio Paravicini (1591-1592)
Vacant (1592-1599)
Alfonso Visconti (1599-1600)
Vacant (1600-1605)
Bernard Macziejowski (1605-1608)
Vacant (1608-1616)
Francesco Vendramino (1616-1618)
Guido Bentivoglio (1621-1622)
Vacant (1622-1647)
Francesco Cherubini (1647-1656)
Francesco Paolucci (1657-1661)
Cesare Maria Antonio Rasponi (1666-1675)
Mario Alberizzi (1676-1680)
Stefano Agostini (1681-1683)
Jan Casimir Denhoff (1686-1697)
Sperello Sperelli (1700-1710)
Pier Marcellino Corradini (1721-1724); in commendam (1724-1734)
Pietro Maria Pieri, O.S.M. (1734-1743)
Francesco Landi (1745-1757)
Luigi Gualterio (1760-1761)
Simone Buonaccorsi (1763-1776)
Hyacinthe Sigismond Gerdil, C.R.S.P. (1778-1784)
Vacant (1784-1794)
Antonio Dugnani (1794-1801)
Vacant (1801-1805)
Jean-Baptiste de Belloy (1805-1808)
Vacant (1808-1816)
Camillo de Simone (1816-1818)
Vacant (1818-1830)
Remigio Crescini, O.S.B.Cas. (1830)
Giacomo Luigi Brignole (1834-1838); in commendam (1838-1847)
Vacant (1847-1859)
Camillo Di Pietro (1859-1867)
Vacant (1867-1874)
Joseph-Hippolyte Guibert, O.M.I. (1874-1886)
Benoît-Marie Langénieux (1887-1905)
Gregorio María Aguirre y García, O.F.M. (1907-1913)
Felix von Hartmann (1914-1919)
Edmund Dalbor (1919-1926)
Joseph Mac Rory (1929-1945)
Joseph Frings (1946-1978)
Franciszek Macharski (1979-

(1) Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi (Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1935; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960), III, 28,says that Cardinal Mendoza de Bobadilla opted for this title on February 28, 1550 and that eodem die, quod tit. ille suppressus apparebat (on the same day, this title appeared to have been suppressed) and was transferred to the title of S. Eusebio. The same source, p. 64, in the catalog of occupants of this title, does not mention anything about its suppression.

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S. Giovanni Battista dei Fiorentini
Established by Pope John XXIII on March 12, 1960, by the apostolic constitution Inter templa.

Joseph-Charles Lefèbvre (1960-1973)
Juan Carlos Aramburu (1976-2004)
Carlo Caffarra (2006-

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S. Giovanni Battista de' Rossi
Established in 1969 by Pope Paul VI (1963-1978).

John Joseph Carberry (1969-1998)
Julio Terrazas Sandoval, C.SS.R. (2001-

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S. Giovanni Crisostomo a Monte Sacro Alto
Established in 1969 by Pope Paul VI (1963-1978).

Vicente Enrique Tarancón (1969-1994)
Bernard Agré (2001-

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Ss. Giovanni e Paolo
This title, called also Pammachus or Byzantis (Bizantys was a friend of St. Jerome, father of Pammachius and son-in-law of St. Paola), was erected about the end of the fifth century. It was later known as Pammachii sanctorum Johannis et Pauli, for two priests who belonged to it during the pontificate of Pope St. Innocent I (401-417). According to the catalog of Pietro Mallio, composed during the pontificate of Alexander III (1159-1181), this title was attached to the Basilica of S. Lorenzo fuori le mura and its priests were to celebrate mass there in turn. The title today is known as Ss. Giovanni e Paolo.

Gordiano (494)
Giovanni (ca. 495-?)
Giovanni (499-?)
Deusdedit (590-?)
Giovanni (600-before 604)
Agapito (?) (604-?)
Gregorio (721-before 731)
Gregorio (731-before 745)
Giorgio (745-?)
Romano (853-before 872)
Germano (872-?)
Pietro (963-before 975)
Leone (975-980 or later)
Giovanni (1073/1085-before 1088)
Bone, seniore (1088-ca. 1098)
Teobaldo (ca. 1100-?)
Niccolò (1112?-ca. 1117)
Teobaldo (1117-ca. 1124)
Johannes (1123-ca. 1125)
Alberico Tomacelli (1125-1130) (1)
Luc, O. Cis. (1130-1140)
Ubaldo (1140-1150) (2)
Giovanni Conti (1150-1182)
Raniero (1182-1183)
Melior (1185-1197 or 1198)
Cencio (1200-1216)
Bertrando Savelli (1216-1222/1223)
Giovanni (1216-1217) (3)
Roberto Rainaldi (1221-?)
Vacant (1221-1288) (?)
Bentivenga de Bentivengis, O.F.M., commendatario (1288-1289)
Vacant (1289-1302) (?)
Pedro Rodríguez, administrator (1302-1310)
Bertrand des Bordes (1310-1311)
Jacques de Via (1316-1317)
Matteo Orsini, O.P. (1327-1338)
Étienne Aubert (1342-1352)
Andouin Alberti (1353-1361)
Guillaume de la Sudré, O.P. (1366-1367)
Simone Brossano (1375-1381)
Gautier Gómez de Luna (1381-1391), pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement VII
Jean Flandrin (1391-1405), pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement VII (4)
Tommaso Brancaccio (1411-1427), pseudocardinal of Antipope John XXIII
Vacant (1427-1440)
Domingo Ram i Linaja, Can. Reg. of Saint Augustine (1430-1444)
Latino Orsini (1449-1465)
Philibert Hugonet (1477-1484)
Vacant (1484-1489)
Ardicino della Porta, iuniore (1489-1493)
Giovanni Battista Orsini (1493-1503)
Francesco de Remolins (1503-1511); in commendam (1511-1517)
Adriaan Florenszoon Dedel (1517-1522)
Willem van Enckenvoirt (1523-1534)
Esteban Gabriel Merino (1534-1535)
Afonso de Portugal (1535-1540)
Pedro Fernández Manrique (1540)
Federico Fregóso (1541)
Pierre de La Baume (1541-1544)
Georges d'Armagnac (1545-1556)
Fabio Mignanelli (1556-1557)
Antonio Trivulzio, iuniore (1557-1559)
Alfonso Carafa (1560-1565)
Gabriele Paleotti (1565-1572)
Nicolas de Pellevé (1572-1584)
Antonio Carafa (1584-1591)
Alessandro Ottaviano de' Medici (1591-1592)
Giovanni Battista Castrucci (1592-1595)
Agostino Cusani (1595-1598)
Camillo Borghese (1599-1602)
Ottavio Acquaviva d'Aragona, seniore (1602-1605)
Pietro Aldobrandini (1605-1612)
Decio Carafa (1612-1626)
Carlo Emmanuele Pio, seniore (1626)
Lorenzo Magalotti (1628-1637)
Vacant (1637-1642)
Francesco Maria Machiavelli (1642-1653)
Gilberto Borromeo (1654-1672)
Giacomo Rospigliosi (1672-1684)
Fortunato Ilario Carafa della Spina (1687-1697)
Fabrizio Paolucci (1699-1719)
Vacant (1719-1726)
Nicolò Maria Lercari (1726-1743)
Camillo Paolucci (1746-1756); in commendam (1756-1763)
Giovanni Carlo Boschi (1766-1784)
Giuseppe Garampi (1786-1792)
Aurelio Roverella (1794-1809); in commendam (1809-1812)
Vacant (1812-1816)
Antonio Lamberto Rusconi (1816-1825)
Vincenzo Macchi (1827-1840)
Cosimo Barnaba Corsi (1842-1870)
Vacant (1870-1874)
Mariano Barrios y Fernández (1874-1876)
Edward Henry Howard of Norfolk (1877-1884)
Placido Maria Schiaffino, O.S.B.Oliv. (1885-1889)
Franziskus von Paula Schönborn (1889-1899)
Giuseppe Francica-Nava di Bontifè (1899-1928)
Eugenio Pacelli (1929-1939)
Francis Joseph Spellman (1946-1967)
Terence James Cooke (1969-1983)
John Joseph O'Connor (1985-2000)
Edward Michael Egan (2001-

(1) Cristofori lists a Cardinal Ulderico (1127?), who is probably the same person.
(2) Cristofori lists Cardinals Giovanni (1146-1200?) and Giacomo (1159) as occupants of this title but their existence has not been ascertained.
(3) According to Cristofori, after Cardinal Cencio Savelli, the title's occupants were Bertrando Savelli (1216-1221?); Roberto Raynaldi di Sezze (1221); and Berengario Fredol (1305-1309).
(4) According to Cristofori, Cardinal Pietro Blani (Pierre Blain) occupied this title from March 25, 1409 (?) to December 12 of that same year.

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S. Giovanni Evangelista a Spinaceto
Established by Pope John Paul II in 1985.

Miguel Obando Bravo, S.D.B. (1985-

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Ss. Giovanni Evangelista e Petronio
This title was established by Pope John Paul II in 1985.

Giacomo Biffi (1985-

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S. Giovanni Maria Vianney
This title was established by Pope Benedict XVI in 2012.

Rainer Maria Woelki (2012-

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S. Girolamo dei Croati (degli Schiavoni)
On February 8, 1566, Pope St. Pius V (1566-1572) established the title of San Girolamo degli Schiavoni. In 1570 the church was assigned to Cardinal Felice Peretti, who was later elected Pope Sixtus V. The old church was demolished by the pope's order in 1588, and the new one was started the same year. It was finished in a year, and consecrated in the Autumn of 1589. It was the only church that was started and finished by Sixtus V (1585-1590), who also took care of the finances in that period. The new church was given to the Croats, and by Bull of August 1, 1589, Sixtus V established a chapter that was to have 11 priests, who had to be of Croatian descent and had to speak the Croatian language. It is interesting that Sixtus V had some Croatian ancestry; that is why he gave so much care to the Croatian national church in Rome.

Prospero Santacroce (1566-1570)
Felice Peretti Montalto, O.F.M.Conv. (1570-1585)
Alessandro Damasceni Peretti, pro illa vice deaconry (1585-1587)
Pedro de Deza (1587-1597)
Simeone Tagliavia d'Aragona (1597-1600)
Bonifazio Bevilacqua (1601-1611)
Felice Centini, O.F.M.Conv. (1612-1613)
Matteo Priuli (1616-1621)
Giovanni Delfino (1621-1622)
Vacant (1622-1632)
Péter Pázmány, S.J. (1632-1637)
Vacant (1637-1642)
Francesco Peretti di Montalto (1642-1655)
Vacant (1655-1657)
Girolamo Buonvisi (1657-1677)
Vacant (1677-1681)
Giovanni Battista De Luca (1681-1683)
Vacant (1683-1689)
Leopold Karl von Kollonitsch (1689-1707)
Vacant (1707-1720)
Cornelio Bentivoglio (1720-1727)
Leandro Porzia, O.S.B.Cas. (1728)
Sinibaldo Doria (1731-1733)
Vacant (1733-1745)
Giacomo Oddi (1745-1756)
Pietro Paolo Conti (1759-1763)
Vacant (1763-1780)
František de Paula Hrzán z Harras (1780-1782)
Francesco Carrara (1785-1791)
Vacant (1791-1801)
Cesare Brancadoro (1801-1820)
Vacant (1820-1836)
Gabriel della Genga Sermattei (1836-1861)
Antonio Maria Panebianco, O.F.M.Conv. (1861)
Giuseppe Andrea Bizzarri (1863-1875)
Luigi Serafini (1877-1888)
Serafino Vannutelli (1889-1893)
Lörinc Schlauch (1894-1902)
Andrea Aiuti (1903-1905)
Vacant (1905-1911)
František Saleský Bauer (1911-1915)
Raffaele Scapinelli di Leguigno (1916-1933)
Santiago Luis Copello (1935-1959)
Gustavo Testa (1959-1969)
Vacant (1969-1973)
Paolo Bertoli (1973-1979)
Franjo Kuharic (1983-2002)
Josip Bozanic (2003-

Source: Notes provided by Mario Glibic, from Mostar, Bosnia i Hercegovina.

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Ss. Giulio e Callisto
See S. Maria in Trastevere

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S. Giuseppe all'Aurelio
Established by Pope John Paul II in 1991.

Georg Maximilian Sterzinsky (1991-2011)
Gérald Cyprien Lacroix, of the Secular Institute Pius X (2014-

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S. Giustino
Established by Pope John Paul II in 2003.

Jean-Baptiste Phạm Minh Mẫn (2003-

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Gran Madre di Dio
Established by Pope Paul VI on February 5, 1965, by the apostolic constitution Sacra Romae.

Agnelo Rossi (1965-1984)
Ángel Suquía Goicoechea (1985-2006)
Angelo Bagnasco (2007-

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S. Gregorio Barbarigo alle Tre Fontane
Established on February 11, 1973 by Pope Paul VI (1963-1978) by the apostolic constitution Cum ob proxime.

Maurice Otunga (1973-2003)
Bernard Panafieu (2003-

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S. Gregorio Magno alla Magliana Nuova
Established by Pope John Paul II in 2001

Geraldo Majella Agnelo (2001-

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S. Gregorio VII
Established in 1969 by Pope Paul VI (1963-1978).

Eugênio de Araújo Sales (1969-2012)
Baselios Cleemis Thottunkal (2012-

Immacolata al Tiburtino
Established in 1969 by Pope Paul VI (1963-1978).

Peter Thomas McKeefry (1969-1973)
Reginald Thomas Delargey (1976-1979)
Ernesto Corripio Ahumada (1979-2008)
Raymundo Damasceno Assis (2010-

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Immacolata Concezione di Maria a Grottarossa
Established by Pope John Paul II in 1985.

Henryk Roman Gulbinowicz (1985-

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Iulii
See S. Maria in Trastevere

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Iuxta Pallacina
See S. Marco

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S. Leone I
Established by Pope Paul VI on February 5, 1965, by the apostolic constitution Romanorum Pontificum morem.

Lorenz Jaeger (1965-1975)
Roger Etchegaray (1979-1998)
Karl Lehmann (2001-

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S. Liborio
Established by Pope John Paul II in 2001.

Johannes Joachim Degenhardt (2001-2002)
Peter Kodwo Appiah Turkson (2003-

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S. Lorenzo in Damaso
The title Damasus was established by Pope St. Alexander I ca. 112. Pope St. Damasus I (366-384), who, it is believed, occupied this title, confirmed its establishment in 366. Later, the title was renamed S. Lorenzo in Damaso. From 1532 until 1973, this title was assigned to the vice-chancellor of the Holy Roman Church. The office was suppressed in that year. It appears in the lists of the sixth century, and at the end of the eighth century it acquired the name of "St. Lawrence named after Damasus". From the twelfth century it became the title of S. Lorenzo in Damaso. According to the catalog of Pietro Mallio, composed during the pontificate of Alexander III (1159-1181), this title was attached to St. Peter's Basilica and its priests were to celebrate mass there in turn. Pope Clement VII (1523-1534) with the Bull Etsi ad singula, July 5, 1532, assigned this title in perpetuity to the vice-chancellor of the Holy Roman Church, regardless of his cardinalitial rank (deacon, priest, or commendatario). (1)

Projettizio (494 or 492-?)
Lorenzo (499-500)
Specioso (500?-?)
Specioso (590-?) (2)
Epifanio (721-before 745)
Leone (before 745-before 761)
Marino (761-?)
Leone (853-?) (3)
Adriano (875-?)
Benedetto (unknown date between 891 and 896 - ?)
Cristoforo (ca. 900-903)
Pietro (963-before 993)
Pietro (before 1012-ca. 1027)
Giovanni (1033-before 1049)
Leone (1049-ca. 1072)
Riso (1088-1112)
Adeodato (1113-1129) (4)
Stefano (1130-1132), pseudocardinal of Antipope Anacletus II.
Yves, Can. Reg. of Saint-Victor of Paris (1138-1143)
Guido Moricotti (1143-ca. 1150) (5)
Nikolaus (1150-1151)
Giovanni Paparoni (1151-ca. 1158)
Pietro di Miso (1165/1166-1182)
Ottone (1172-1173), pseudocardinal of Antipope Callistus III
Uberto Crivelli (1182-1185) (6)
Pietro (1188-1190)
Vacant (1190-1213) (?)
Pietro Campano, O.S.B.Cas. (1216-1217) (7)
Pierre Duacensis (1216-1217) (7)
Vacant (1217-1288) (?)
Matteo de Acquasparta, O.F.M. (1288-1291)
Francesco Ronci, O.Cœl. (1294)
Nicolas L'Aide (1294-1299)
Arnaud Nouvel, O.Cist., in commendam (1317)
Hugues Roger, O.S.B. (1342-1363)
Pierre de Banac, O.S.B. (1368-1369)
Pietro Corsini (1370-1374) (8)
Bartolomeo da Cogorno, O.F.M. (1381-1385)
Angelo Acciaioli (1385-1397)
Giordano Orsini, iuniore (1409-1412); in commendam (1412-presumably until his death in 1438)
Juan Martínez de Murillo, O.Cist., pseudocardinal of Antipope Benedict XIII (1408-1415); (1419-1420)
Vacant (1420-1440)
Aleksander Mazowiecki (1440-1444), pseudocardinal of Antipope Felix V
Ludovico Trevisano (1440-1465)
Lancelot de Lusignan (1447-1449), pseudocardinal of Antipope Felix V
Juan de Mella (1465-1467)
Vacant (1467-1477)
Francesco Gonzaga (1477-1483)
Raffaele Sansoni Riario (1483-1503); in commendam (1503-1517)
Giulio de' Medici (1517-1523)
Pompeo Colonna (1524-1526); deprived (1526-1527); his title again (1527-1532)
Ippolito de' Medici (1532-1535)
Alessandro Farnese, iuniore (1535-1564); in commendam (1564-1589)
Alessandro Damasceni Peretti, pro illa vice deaconry (1589-1620); as title (1620); in commendam (1620-1623)
Ludovico Ludovisi (1623-1632)
Francesco Barberini, seniore, pro illa vice deaconry (1632-1644); as title (1644-1645); in commendam (1645-1679)
Vacant (1679-1689)
Pietro Ottoboni, pro illa vice deaconry (1689-1724); as title (1724-1725); in commendam (1725-1740)
Tommaso Ruffo, in commendam (1740-1753)
Girolamo Colonna Sciarra (1753-1756)
Alberico Archinto (1756-1758)
Carlo Rezzonico, iuniore (1758-1763)
Henry Benedict Mary Clement Stuart of York, in commendam (1763-1807)
Francesco Carafa della Spina (1807-1818)
Giulio Maria della Somaglia, in commendam (1818-1830)
Tommaso Arezzo, in commendam (1830-1833)
Carlo Odescalchi, in commendam (1833-1834)
Carlo Maria Pedicini, in commendam (1834-1843)
Tommaso Bernetti (1844-1852)
Luigi Amat di San Filippo e Sorso, in commendam (1852-1878)
Antonio Saverio De Luca, in commendam (1878-1883)
Teodolfo Mertel (1884-1899)
Lucido Maria Parocchi, in commendam (1899-1903)
Antonio Agliardi (1903-1915)
Ottavio Cagiano de Azevedo (1915-1927)
Andreas Frühwirth, O.P. (1927-1933)
Tommaso Pio Boggiani, O.P. (1933-1942)
Celso Costantini (1958)
Santiago Luis Copello (1959-1967)
Luigi Traglia (1968-1972) (Last chancellor of the Holy Roman Church)
Narciso Jubany Arnau (1973-1996)
Antonio María Rouco Varela (1998-

(1) Pope St. Pius X (1903-1914) changed the name of the office to Chancellor by the apostolic constitution Sapienti consilio, June 29, 1908. The office of Chancellor, which dated from the IV Century, was abolished by Pope Paul VI (1963-1978) by the motu proprio Quo aptius, February 27, 1973.
(2) Annuaire Pontifical Catholique indicates that he could be the same person as his predecessor in 500.
(3) Cristofori lists a Cardinal Giorgio (?) (861?) but according to Annuaire Pontifical Catholic, he was cardinal priest of S. Lorenzo in Lucina and not of this title.
(4) Cristofori lists Cardinal Hugh de Saint-Victor, Can. Reg. of Saint Augustine, as occupant of this title in 1129? but he was created cardinal bishop of Frascati in 1139.
(5) Cristofori lists a Cardinal Gregorio in 1150 but his existence has not been ascertained.
(6) Cristofori lists Cardinal Uberto Allucingoli as occupant of this title in 1182 but Annuaire Pontifical Catholique indicates that he is mistaken because the title was occupied by Cardinal Uberto Crivelli at that time.
(7) There is confusion among the sources about the occupants of this title in 1216-1217.
(8) Hierarchia Catholica indicates that Cristofori lists Cardinal Tommaso da Frignano, O.Min., as occupant of this title from September to December 1378 but that he had been assigned to Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo on September 18, 1378 and occupied it until his death on November 19, 1381.

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S. Lorenzo in Lucina
The title of S. Lorenzo in Lucina is an ancient one. It could have been, under another name, one of the titles established by Pope St. Alexander I ca. 112. In this title, Lucinae, in 366, took place the election of Pope St. Damasus. The title was confirmed by Pope St. Benedict II ca. 684. Toward the end of the eighth century, its name became S. Lorenzo in Lucina. According to the catalog of Pietro Mallio, composed during the pontificate of Alexander III (1159-1181), this title was attached to the Basilica of S. Lorenzo fuori le mura and its priests were to celebrate mass there in turn. Customarily, this title for centuries was occupied by the most senior cardinal priest or protoprete.

Ilario (494-?)
Crescente (590-?)
Sisinnio (721-before 735)
Sigismondo (735-before 745)
Teodoro (745-before 761)
Eusebio (761-?)
Giorgio (853-before 867)
Leone (?) (867-?)
Adriano (963-?)
Giovanni (993-before 1012)
Leone (1049-1080)
Landolfo Rangone (ca. 1088-1119) (1)
Gregorio (1107-1119) (2)
Gregorio Albergati (1119-ca. 1126)
Anselmo, Can. Reg. of S. Pietro in Caelo aureo (1126/1127-1143)
Ugo Misini, Can. Reg. of S. Maria di Reno (1144-1150)
Cenzio (1150-1154)
Ubaldo (1155-1157)
Alberto di Morra, Can. Reg. Prem. of Saint-Martin of Laon (1158-1187) (3)
Pietro (1178-1190) (4)
Vacant (1190-1227) (?)
Sinibaldo Fieschi (1227-1243)
John of Toledo, O.Cist. (1244-1262)
Guy de Bourgogne, O.Cist. (1262-1272)
Vacant (1272-1281) (?)
Hugh of Evesham (1281-1287)
Vacant (1287-1327) (?) (5)
Annibaldo di Ceccano (1327-1333)
Vacant (1333-1362) (?)
Guillaume Bragose (1362-1367)
Étienne Aubert, iuniore (1368-1369)
Jean de la Tour, O.S.B.Clun. (1371-1374)
Pierre de Sortenac (1375-1384)
Martín de Zalva (1390-1403), pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement VII (6)
Luca Manzoli, O.Hum. (1408-1409); pseudocardinal of Antipope Alexander V (1409-1411)
Simon de Cramaud (1413-1422), pseudocardinal of Antipope John XXIII
Ximeno Dahe (1423-1429), pseudocardinal of Antipope Benedict XIII
Jean de la Rochetaillée (1426-1437)
Giovanni Vitelleschi (1437-1440)
Jean Le Jeune (ca. 1441-1451)
Filippo Calandrini (1451-1468)
Vacant (1468-1484)
Giovanni d'Aragona (1484-1485)
Jorge da Costa (1489-1491); in commendam (1491-1508)
Silvio Passerini (1517-1520); and (1521-1529)
Giovanni Domenico De Cupis (1529-1531); in commendam (1531-1553)
Giovanni Girolamo Morone (1553-1556)
Georges d'Armagnac (1556-1562)
Francesco Gonzaga (1562-1566)
Fulvio Giulio della Corgna, O.S.Hier. (1566-1567)
Innico d'Avalos d'Aragona, O.S. Iacobis (1567-1586)
Marco Antonio Colonna, seniore (1586-1587)
Gabriele Paleotti (1587-1589)
Michele Bonelli, O.P. (1589-1591)
Ludovico Madruzzo (1591-1597)
Pedro de Deza (1597-1600)
Antonmaria Salviati (1600)
Simeone Acquaviva d'Aragona (1600-1602)
Girolamo Bernerio, O.P. (1602-1603)
Giovanni Evangelista Pallotta (1603-1611)
Gregorio Petrocchini, O.E.S.A. (1611)
Benedetto Giustiniani (1611-1612)
Francesco Maria Bourbon del Monte Santa Maria (1612-1615)
Ottavio Bandini (1615-1621)
Bartolomeo Cesi (1621)
Andrea Baroni Peretti Montalto (1621-1624)
Domenico Ginnasi (1624-1626)
Carlo Gaudenzio Madruzzo (1626)
Carlo Emmanuele Pio, seniore (1626-1627)
Giovanni Garzia Millini (1627-1629)
Luigi Capponi (1629-1659)
Girolamo Colonna (1659-1661)
Giovanni Battista Pallotta (1661-1663)
Francesco Maria Brancaccio (1663-1666)
Stefano Durazzo (1666-1667)
Ernest Adalbert von Harrach (1667)
Giulio Gabrielli (1667-1668)
Virginio Orsini, O.S.Io.Hieros. (1668-1671)
Rinaldo d'Este (1671)
Cesare Facchinetti (1671-1672)
Carlo Rossetti (1672-1676)
Niccolò Albergati Ludovisi (1676-1677)
Alderano Cibo (1677-1679)
Lorenzo Raggi (1679-1680)
Luigi Alessandro Omodei (1680-1685)
Carlo Barbeirni (1685-1704)
Francesco Nerli, iuniore (1704-1708)
Galeazzo Marescotti (1708-1726)
Giuseppe Sacripanti (1726-1727)
Giuseppe Renato Imperiali (1727-1737)
Gianantonio Davia (1737-1740)
Giulio Alberoni (1740-1752)
Thomas Philippe Wallrad d'Hénin-Liétard d'Alsace-Boussu de Chimay (1752-1759)
Domenico Passionei (1759-1761)
Johannes Theodor von Bayern (1761-1763)
Giacomo Oddi (1763-1770)
Giusppe Pozzobonelli (1770-1783)
Carlo Vittorio Amedeo delle Lanze (1783-1784)
Marcantonio Colonna, iuniore (1784)
Vacant (1784-1788)
Francesco Carafa della Spina (1788-1807); in commendam (1807-1818)
Bartolomeo Pacca, seniore (1818)
Giovanni Filippo Gallarati Scotti (1818-1819)
Giulio Gabrielli (1819-1822)
Joseph Fesch (1822-1839)
Carlo Oppizzoni (1839-1855)
Giacomo Filippo Fransoni (1855-1856)
Benedetto Barberini (1856-1863)
Vacant (1863-1867)
Filippo De Angelis (1867-1877)
Fabio Maria Asquini (1877-1878)
Domenico Carafa della Spina (1879)
Lucien-Louis-Joseph-Napoléon Bonaparte (1879-1895)
Gustav Adolf von Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst (1895-1896)
Mieczyslaw Halka Ledóchowski (1896-1902)
Angelo Di Pietro (1903-1914)
Pietro Gasparri (1915-1934)
Carlo Cremonesi (1935-1943)
Manuel Arteaga Betancourt (1946-1963)
Pietro Ciriaci (1964-1966)
Pietro Parente (1967-1986)
Opilio Rossi (1987-2004)
Luigi Poggi (2005-2010)
Albert Malcolm Ranjith Patabendige Don (2010-

(1) There is an overlap wirh his successor that the sources consulted do not explain.
(2) There is an overlap with his predecessor that the sources consulted do not explain.
(3) There is an overlap wirh his successor that the sources consulted do not explain.
(4) There is an overlap wirh his successor that the sources consulted do not explain.
(5) Hierarchia Catholica indicates that on July 28, 1301, Pope Benedict VIII entrusted this title to Giovanni (or Landolfo) Colonna, canon of St. Peter's basilica.
(6) Cristofori lists Cardinal Michele de Zalba as occupant of this title from 1403 to 1406. Hierarchia Catholica indicates that at that time he was deacon of S. Giorgio in Velabro.

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S. Lorenzo in Panisperna
This title was established on July 6, 1517 by Pope Leo X (1513-1521) just after he greatly increased the number of cardinals in the consistory of July 1, 1517.

Domenico Giacobazzi (1517); in commendam (1517-1527)
Vacant (15127-1561)
Stanisław Hosius (1561-1562)
Guglielmo Sirleto (1565-1585)
Domenico Pinelli, seniore (1586-1591)
Agostino Cusani (1591-1595)
Lorenzo Bianchetti (1596-1612)
Decio Carafa (1612)
Felice Centeni, O.F.M.Conv. (1613-1621)
Eitel Friedrich von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (1621-1625)
Fabrizio Verospi (1627-1633)
Stefano Durazzo (1634-1666)
Vacant (1666-1670)
Emmanuel Théodose de la Tour d'Auvergne de Bouillon (1670-1676)
Orazio Mattei (1686-1688)
Giambattista Rubini (1690-1706)
Tommaso Ruffo (1706-1709)
Giulio Piazza (1714-1726)
Lorenzo Cozza, O.F.M.Obs. (1726-1727)
Pierluigi Carafa, iuniore (1728-1737)
Vincenzo Bichi (1737-1740)
Giorgio Doria (1744-1745)
Johannes Theodor von Bayern (1746-1759)
Lorenzo Ganganelli, O.F.M.Conv. (1759-1762)
Vacant (1762-1769)
Buenaventura de Córdoba Espínola de la Cerda (1769-1777)
Vacant (1777-1794)
Giovanni Battista Bussi de Pretis (1794-1800)
Valentino Mastrozzi (1801-1809)
Vacant (1809-1817)
Pietro Gravina (1817-1830)
Luigi Del Drago (1832-1845)
Lorenzo Simonetti (1846-1855)
Johannes von Geissel (1857-1864)
Luigi Maria Bilio, B. (1866-1873)
Ruggero Luigi Emidio Antici Mattei (1876-1883)
Sebastiano Galeati (1890-1901)
Giulio Boschi (1901-1919)
Vacant (1919-1924)
Eustaquio Ilundain y Esteban (1925-1937)
Ermenegildo Pellegrinetti (1937-1943)
Antonio Caggiano (1946-1979)
Michael Michai Kitbunchu (1983-

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S. Luca a Via Prenestina
Established in 1969 by Pope Paul VI (1963-1978).

Antonio Poma (1969-1985)
Jose Freire Falção (1988-

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S. Lucia a Piazza d'Armi
Established on February 1, 1973 by Pope Paul VI (1963-1978) by the apostolic constitution Quando quidem.

Timothy Manning (1973-1989)
Frédéric Etsou-Nzabi-Bamungwabi, C.I.C.M. (1991-2007)
Théodore-Adrien Sarr (2007-

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S. Luigi dei Francesi
Established by Pope Paul VI on June 7, 1967, by the apostolic constitution Quandoquidem aucto.

Pierre Veuillot (1967-1968)
François Marty (1969-1994)
Jean-Marie Lustiger (1994-2007)
André Vingt-Trois (2007-

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S. Luigi Grignion de Montfort
Established by Pope John Paul II in 1991.

Robert Coffy (1991-1995)
Serafim Fernandes de Araújo (1998-

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