The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Titles
Natività di Nostro Signore Gesù Cristo a Via Gallia --- Ss. Quirico e Giulitta


Natività di Nostro Signore Gesù Cristo a Via Gallia Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo S. Niccolò del Colosseo S. Nicola fra le Immagini

S. Nicomede in Via Nomentana Ss. Nome di Maria a Via Latina Nostra Signora de La Salette

Nostra Signora del SS. Sacramento e Santi Martiri Canadesi Nostra Signora di Guadalupe a Monte Mario

Nostra Signora di Guadalupe e S. Filippo Martire in Via Aurelia S. Onofrio Pammachus S. Pancrazio fuori le mura S. Paolo della Croce a "Corviale"

S. Pastore S. Patrizio Ss. Pietro e Paolo a Via Ostiense S. Pietro in Montorio S. Pietro in Vincoli S. Pio X alla Balduina S. Prassede

Preziossisimo Sangue di Nostro Signore Gesz Cristo S. Prisca Ss. Protomartiri a Via Aurelia Antica Ss. Pudente e Pudenziana (Pastore)

Pudentis S. Pudenziana Ss. Quattro Coronati (Ss. IV Coronati) Ss. Quirico e Giulitta

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Natività di Nostro Signore Gesù Cristo a Via Gallia
Established in 1969 by Pope Paul VI (1963-1978).

Paul Gouyon (1969-2000)
Audrys Juozas Bačkis (2001-

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Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo
The title Fasciolae was erected ca. 112 by Pope Saint Alexander I. It was listed in the Roman Synod of March 1, 499. In the Synod of 595, it had become the title of Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo. During the pontificate of Pope Saint Gregory I (590-604), it became a deaconry in the XII Roman Region (Augustea). According to Liber Pontificalis, it received donations from Pope Leo III (795-816). In the 8th Century, it became a title again. According to the catalog of Pietro Mallio, composed during the pontificate of Alexander III (1159-1181), this title was attached to the Basilica of S. Paolo fuori le mura and its priests were to celebrate mass there in turn.

Aconzio (494-494)
Paolino (494-?)
Epifanio (499-?)
Giusto (590-?)
Grazioso (604-?)
Stefano (963-before 980)
Leone (985-?)
Amico, O.S.B.Cas. (1099-ca. 1122); pseudocardinal of Antipope Anaclestus II (1130)
Pietro (1122-ca. 1128)
Gerardo (1129-?)
Errico Moricotti, O.Cist. (1150-1179)
No information found (1179-1305)
Bérenger de Frédol, seniore (1305-1309)
Bérenger de Frédol, iuniore (1312-1317)
Regnaud de la Porte (1320-1321)
Pierre Roger (1338-1342)
Vacant (1342-1371) (?)
Jean du Cros (1371-1376)
Tommaso da Frignano, O.F.M. (1378-1381)
Pierre de Cros, O.S.B. (1383-1388), pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement VII
Philip Repington, Can. Reg. of Saint Augustine (1408-1434)
Giovanni Berardi (1440-1444)
Bernard de La Planche, O.S.B. (1440-1441), pseudocardinal of Antipope Felix V
Jean d'Arces (1444-1449), pseudocardinal of Antipope Felix V; (1449-1454)
Vacant (1454-1460)
Burkhard Weisbriach (1460-1462)
Vacant (1462-1467)
István Váday (1467-1471)
Giovanni Arcimboldo (1473-1476)
Giovanni Battista Mellini (1476-1478)
Cosma Orsini, O.S.B. (1480-1481)
Giovanni Conti (1483-1489)
Vacant (1489-1492)
Maffeo Gherardi, O.S.B.Cam. (1492)
Giovanni Antonio Sangiorgio (1493-1509)
Juan de Zúñiga y Pimentel (1503-1504)
Francesco Alidosi (1505-1506)
Francisco de Borja (1506-1511)
Vacant (1511-1517)
Bonifacio Ferreri (1517-1533)
Reginald Pole (1537-1540)
Enrique de Borja y Aragón (1540)
Roberto Pucci (1542-1544)
Francesco Sfondrati (1545-1547)
Vacant (1547-1556)
Juan Martínez Silíceo (1556-1557)
Jean Bertrand (1557-1560)
Luigi d'Este (1562-1563)
Gabriele Paleotti (1565)
Giovanni Francesco Morosini (1588-1590)
Vacant (1590-1596)
Cesare Baronio, Orat. (1596-1607)
Innocenzo del Bufalo-Cancellieri (1607-1610)
Pier Paolo Crescenzi (1611-1629)
Antonio Santacroce (1630-1641)
Marco Antonio Bragadin (1642-1646)
Cristoforo Vidman, pro illa vice deaconry (1647-1658)
Baccio Aldobrandini (1658-1665)
Neri Corsini (1666-1678)
Flaminio Taja (1681-1682)
Vacant (1682-1686)
Girolamo Casanate (1686-1689)
Leandro di Colloredo, Orat. (1689-1705)
Alessandro Caprara (1706-1711)
Benedetto Erba-Odescalchi (1715-1725)
Nicolò Spinola (1725-1735)
Vacant (1735-1739)
Pierre-Guérin de Tencin (1739-1758)
Niccolò Maria Antonelli (1759-1767)
Lazzaro Opizio Pallavicini (1768-1778)
Vacant (1778-1782)
František de Paula Hrzán z Harasova (1782-1788)
Luigi Valenti Gonzaga (1790-1795)
Ippolito Antonio Vincenti Mareri (1795-1807)
Vacant (1807-1816)
Carlo Andrea Pelagallo (1816-1822)
Giovanni Francesco Falzacappa (1823)
Vacant (1823-1829)
Pietro Caprano (1829-1834)
Jacopo Monico (1834-1851)
François-Nicholas-Madeleine Morlot (1853-1862)
Giuseppe Luigi Trevisanato (1864-1877)
Inácio do Nascimento Morais Cardoso (1877-1883)
Alfonso Capecelatro, Orat. (1885-1886)
Gaspard Mermillod (1890-1892)
Luigi Galimberti (1893-1896)
Antonio Agliardi (1896-1899)
Agostino Riboldi (1901-1902)
Anton Hubert Fischer (1903-1912)
Vacant (1912-1916)
Pietro La Fontaine (1916-1921)
Dennis Dougherty (1921-1951)
Celso Costantini (1953-1958)
William Godfrey (1958-1963)
Thomas Benjamin Cooray, O.M.I. (1965-1988)
Bernardino Echeverría Ruiz, O.F.M. (1994-2000)
Theodore Edgar McCarrick (2001-

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S. Niccolò del Colosseo
See S. Nicola fra le Immagini


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S. Nicola fra le Immagini
This title was erected in 1477 by Pope Sixtus IV (1471-1481). It probably was the ancient church of S. Niccolò del Colosseo of which only the name is known and that its clergy received "denari di presbiterio" in the festivity of the "Turiboli". The title was suppressed on April 13, 1587 by Pope Sixtus V (1585-1590) by the apostolic constitution Religiosa.

Pietro Foscari (1477-1485)
Vacant (1485-1493)
Domenico Grimani (1493-1503)
Melchior von Meckau (1503-1507)
Carlo Domenico del Carretto (1507-1513)
Paolo Emilio Cesi (1517-1534)
Vacant (1534-1557)
Alfonso Carafa (1557-1558)
Vacant (1559-1563)
Bernardo Navagero (1561-1562); in commendam (1562-1565)
Francesco Abbondio Castiglioni (1566-1568)
Vincenzo Giustiniani, O.P. (1571-1579)
Vacant (1579-1587)
Title suppressed in 1587

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S. Nicomede in Via Nomentana
The title Nicomedis was listed in the Roman Synod of March 1, 499. Both, Duchesne and Kirsch agree that it must be the title Ss. Marcellino e Pietro. Cristofori says that this title was suppressed by Pope Saint Gregory I the Great (590-604) and transferred to the Basilica of S. Croce in Gerusalemme.

Sebastiano (494-?)
Title suppressed

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Ss. Nome di Maria a Via Latina
Established by Pope John Paul II in 1985.

Paulos Tzadua (1985-2003)
Gaudencio Borbon Rosales (2006-

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Nostra Signora de La Salette
Established in 1969 by Pope Paul VI (1963-1978).

Alfredo Vicente Scherer (1969-1996)
Polycarp Pengo (1998-

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Nostra Signora del SS. Sacramento e Santi Martiri Canadesi
Established by Pope Paul VI on February 5, 1965, by the apostolic constitution Consuevit Ecclesia.

Maurice Roy (1965-1985)
Paul Grégoire (1988-1993)
Jean-Claude Turcotte (1994-

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Nostra Signora di Guadalupe a Monte Mario
Established in 1969 by Pope Paul VI (1963-1978).

Miguel Darío Miranda Gómez (1969-1986)
Franz Hengsbach (1988-1991)
Adolfo Antonio Suárez Rivera (1994-2008)
Timothy Michael Dolan (2012-

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Nostra Signora di Guadalupe e S. Filippo Martire in Via Aurelia
Established by Pope John Paul II in 1991.

Juan Jesús Posadas Ocampo (1991-1993)
Juan Sandoval Íñiguez (1994-

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S. Onofrio
Pope Sixtus V (1585-1590) elevated the deaconry of S. Onofrio to title on April 13, 1587, by the apostolic constitution Religiosa. The deaconry had been established on July 6, 1517, by Pope Leo X (1513-1521) just after he greatly increased the number of members of the Sacred College of Cardinals in the consistory of July 1, 1517.

Philippe de Lénoncourt (1588-1592)
Filippo Sega (1594-1596)
Flaminio Piatti (1596-1600)
Domenico Toschi (1604-1610)
Maffeo Barberini (1610-1623)
Francesco Barberini, seniore, pro illa vice deaconry (1623-1624)
Antonio Barberini, seniore, O.F.M.Cap. (1624-1637)
Vacant (1637-1645)
Orazio Giustiniani, Orat. (1645-1649)
Giovanni Girolamo Lomellin (1652-1659)
Bedetto Odescalchi (1659-1676)
Pierre de Bonzi (1676-1689)
Wilhelm Egon von Fürstenberg (1689-1704)
Orazio Filippo Spada (1707-1724)
Vincenzo Petra (1724-1737)
Vacant (1737-1744)
Francesco Landi (1744-1745)
Vacant (1745-1749)
Giovanni Battista Mesmer (1749-1760)
Vacant (1760-1773)
Giovanni Battista Braschi (1773-1775)
Marcantonio Marcolini (1777-1782)
Vacant (1782-1794)
Giovanni Battista Caprara (1794-1810)
Vacant (1810-1816)
Giovanni Battista Zauli (1816-1819)
Luigi Frezza (1836-1837)
Giuseppe Mezzofanti (1838-1849)
Carlo Luigi Morichini (1852-1877)
Francesco Saverio Apuzzo (1877-1880)
Vacant (1880-1894)
Domenico Svampa (1894-1907)
Paulin-Pierre Andrieu (1907-1935)
Emmanuel Célestin Suhard (1935-1949)
Vacant (1949-1958)
José Garibi Rivera (1958-1972)
Pius Taofinu'u, S.M. (1973-2006)
Carlo Furno (2006-

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Pammachus
See Ss. Giovanni e Paolo

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S. Pancrazio fuori le mura
This title was established on July 6, 1517 by Pope Leo X (1513-1521) just after he greatly increased the number of cardinals in the consistory of July 1, 1517. On February 28, 1550, Pope Julius III (1550-1555) united it to the title of S. Clemente with the name of Ss. Clemente e Pancrazio and on December 4, 1551, he separated them again with their old names.

Ferdinando Ponzetti (1517-1527)
Francesco Cornaro, seniore (1528-1534)
Gian Pietro Carafa (1537)
Federico Cesi (1545-1550)
Juan Álvarez de Toledo, O.P. (1551-1553)
Miguel da Silva (1553)
Gianantonio Capizucchi (1556-1562)
Bernardo Navagero (1562)
Stanisław Hosius (1562-1565)
Simon Pasqua (1565)
Tolomeo Gallio (1565-1568)
Gianpaolo Della Chiesa (1568-1575)
Vacant (1575-1586)
Ippolito Aldobrandini, seniore (1586-1592)
Girolamo Mattei (1592-1603)
Pietro Aldobrandini (1604-1605)
Domenico Ginnasi (1605-1606)
Ludovico de Torres (1606-1609)
Vacant (1609-1617)
Gabriel Trejo y Paniagua (1617-1621)
Cosimo de Torres (1623-1641)
Gasparo Mattei (1643-1648)
Vacant (1648-1653)
Francesco Maidalchini, pro illa vice deaconry (1653-1654)
Carlo Gualterio, pro illa vice deaconry (1654-1667)
Giacomo Franzoni (1670-1673)
Pietro Vidoni, seniore (1673-1681)
Antonio Pignatelli (1681-1691)
Bandino Panciatici (1691-1710)
Vacant (1710-1721)
Damian Hugo Philipp von Schönborn (1721-1726)
Vincenzo Lodovico Gotti, O.P. (1728-1738)
Vacant (1738-1743)
Gioacchino Bessozzi, O.Cist. (1743-1744)
Federico Marcello Lante (1745-1753)
Giuseppe Maria Feroni (1753-1764)
Vacant (1764-1824)
Giovanni Battista Bussi (1824-1844)
Vacant (1844-1848)
Carlo Vizzardelli (1848-1851)
Clément Villecourt (1855-1867)
Josip Mihalovic (1877-1891)
Francesco Ricci Paracciani (1891-1894)
Achille Manara (1895-1906)
Aristide Rinaldini (1907-1920)
Giovanni Bonzano, P.I.M.E. (1922-1924)
Lorenzo Lauri (1927-1941)
Vacant (1941-1946)
Carlos Carmelo Vasconcelos Motta (1946-1982)
José Alí Lebrún Moratinos (1983-2001)
Antonio Cañizares Llovera (2006-

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S. Paolo della Croce a "Corviale"
Established by Pope John Paul II in 1985.

Louis-Albert Vachon (1985-2006)
Oswald Gracias (2007-

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S. Pastore
See S. Pudenziana


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S. Patrizio
Established by Pope Paul VI on February 5, 1965, by the apostolic constitution Mirifica Ecclesiae.

William Conway (1965-1977)
Tomás Ó Fiaich (1979-1990)
Cahal Brendan Daly (1991-2009)
Thomas Christopher Collins (2012-

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S. Pietro in Montorio
Pope Sixtus V (1585-1590) established this title on April 13, 1587, by the apostolic constitution Religiosa.

Costanzo da Sarnano, O.F.M.Conv. (1587-1595)
Guido Pepoli (1596-1599)
Domencio Toschi (1599-1604)
Anselmo Marzato, O.F.M.Cap. (1604-1607)
Maffeo Barberini (1607-1610)
Domenico Toschi (1610-1620)
Cesare Gherardi (1621-1623)
Giovanni Doria (1623-1642)
Gil Carrillo de Albornoz (1643-1649)
Camillo Astalli-Pamphilj (1650-1663)
Celio Piccolomini (1664-1681)
Marco Galli (1681-1683)
Leandro di Colloredo, Orat. (1686-1689)
Johannes von Goes (1689-1696)
Domenico Maria Corsi (1696-1697)
Baldassare Cenci, seniore (1697-1709)
Antonio Francesco Sanvitale (1709-1714)
Bernardino Scotti (1716-1726)
Marco Antonio Ansidei (1728-1729)
Francesco Borghese (1729-1732)
Vincenzo Bichi (1732-1737)
Josef Domininicus von Lamberg (1740-1761)
Vacant (1761-1782)
Leopold Ernest von Firmian (1782-1783)
Vacant (1783-1819)
Rudolf Johannes Joseph Rainier von Habsburg-Lotharingen (1819-1831)
Vacant (1831-1839)
Antonio Tosti (1839-1866)
Paul Cullen (1866-1878)
Francisco de Paula Benevides y Navarrete (1879-1895)
Ciriaco María Sancha y Hervás (1895-1909)
Enrique Almaraz Santos (1911-1922)
Enrique Reig Casanova (1923-1927)
Félix-Raymond-Marie Rouleau, O.P. (1927-1931)
Isidro Gomá Tomás (1935-1940)
Vacant (1940-1946)
Enrique Pla Deniel (1946-1968)
Arturo Tabera Araoz, C.M.F. (1969-1975)
Aloísio Lorscheider, O.F.M. (1976-2007)
James Francis Stafford (2008-

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S. Pietro in Vincoli
This very ancient title, mentioned in the pontificate of Pope Saint Symmachus ca. 490, was erected in the church that Empress Eudoxie built after the death of her husband Arcadius. She died in 404. The title was listed in the Roman Synod of March 1, 499. The church was consecrated again by Pope Pelagius I in 555. In Liber Pontificalis, in the biographies of Popes Adrian I (772-795) and St Leo III (795-816), this title is called Eudoxiae ad Vincula. Since the church had in its treasure the chains of Saint Peter, it took the name of S. Pietro in Vincoli. According to the catalog of Pietro Mallio, composed during the pontificate of Alexander III (1159-1181), this title was attached to the Basilica of S. Lorenzo fuori le mura and its priests were to celebrate mass there in turn.

Andromaco (590-?)
Pietro (unknown date between 891 and 896 - ?)
Cristoforo (ca. 900-903)
Faustino (955/956-before 964)
Giorgio (964-before 972)
Giuliano (?) (972-?)
Fasano (ca. 1000-1003)
Deusdedit (1073-ca. 1088)
Alberico (1088-1100)
Benedetto (1088?-after 1118)
Matteo (1126 or 1127-?)
Cosma (1137-before 1158)
Guglielmo Matengo, O.Cist. (1158-1176)
Eguillino (after 1176-before 1182)
Pietro (1188-1191)
Bernardo, Can. Reg. di S. Frediano di Lucca (1193-1204) (1)
Vacant (?) 1204-1328)
Pietro Oringa (1328-1330?), pseudocardinal of Antipope Nicholas V
Élie de Talleyrand-Périgord (1331-1348)
Anglic de Grimoard, Can. Reg. of Saint Augustine (1366-1367)
Vacant (?) 1367-1390)
Pierre Girard (1390-1405)
Antonio Arcioni (1405)
Antonio Correr, Can. Reg. of Saint Augustine of S. Giorgio in Alga (1408-1409)
João Alfonso Esteves (1411-1415), pseudocardinal of Antipope John XXIII
Domingo de Bonnefoi, O.Carth. (1423-1429), pseudocardinal of Antipope Benedict XIII
Juan de Cervantes (1426-1447)
Nikolaus von Cusa (1448-1464)
Francesco della Rovere, O.F.M.Conv. (1467-1471)
Giuliano della Rovere (1471-1479); in commendam (1479-1503)
Galeotto Franciotto della Rovere (1503-1507)
Sisto Gara della Rovere (1507-1517)
Leonardo Grosso della Rovere (1517-1520)
Silvio Passerini (1520-1521)
Albrecht von Brandenburg (1521-1545)
Jacopo Sadoleto (1545-1547)
Jean du Bellay (1547-1548)
Giulio della Rovere (1548-1570)
Giovanni Antonio Serbelloni (1570)
Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle (1570-1578)
Stanisław Hosius (1578)
Markus Sittich von Hohenems (1578-1579)
Alfonso Gesualdo (1579-1580)
Marco Antonio Colonna, seniore (1580-1586)
Girolamo della Rovere (1587-1592)
Alessandro Ottaviano de' Medici (1592-1594)
François de Joyeuse (1594-1604)
Girolamo Agucci (1604-1605)
Cinzio Passeri Aldobrandini (1605-1610)
Lanfranco Margotti (1610-1611)
Bartolomeo Cesi (1611-1613)
Bonifazio Bevilacqua (1613-1621)
François d'Escoubleau de Sourdis (1621)
Michelangelo Tonti (1621-1622)
Luigi Capponi (1622-1629)
Laudivio Zacchia (1629-1637)
Antonio Barberini, seniore, O.F.M.Cap. (1637-1642)
Bernardino Spada (1642-1646)
Marzio Ginetti (1646-1652)
Giovanni Battista Maria Pallotta (1652-1659)
Ulderico Carpegna (1659-1661)
Federico Sforza (1661-1676)
Emmanuel Théodose de la Tour d'Auvergne de Bouillon (1676-1689)
Pierre de Bonzi (1689)
Savo Millini (1689-1701)
Marcello Durazzo (1701-1710)
Fulvio Astalli (1710-1714)
Ferdinando d'Adda (1714-1715)
Lorenzo Casoni (1715-1720)
Lorenzo Corsini (1720-1725)
Gianantonio Davia (1725-1737)
Vincenzo Petra (1737-1740)
Francesco Antonio Finy (1740-1743)
Nicolò Maria Lercari (1743-1757)
Antonio Andrea Galli, Can. Reg. Lat. (1757-1767)
Gaetano Fantuzzi (1767-1778)
Lazzaro Opizio Pallavicini (1778-1785)
Giuseppe Maria Doria Pamphilj (1785-1802)
Girolamo della Porta (1802-1812)
Vacant (1812-1816)
Tommaso Arezzo (1816-1820)
Paolo Giuseppe Solaro di Villanova (1823-1824)
Joachim-Jean-Xavier d'Isoard (1827-1833)
Castruccio Castracane degli Antelminelli (1833-1844)
Niccola Paracciani Clarelli (1844-1867)
Luis de la Lastra y Cuesta (1867-1876)
Giovanni Simeoni (1876-1892)
Ignazio Persico, O.F.M.Cap. (1893-1895)
Adolphe-Louis-Albert Perraud, Orat.(1896-1906)
Desiré Mercier (1907-1926)
Luigi Capotosti (1926-1938)
Vacant (1938-1946)
Teodósio Clemente de Gouveia (1946-1962)
Leo-Jozef Suenens (1962-1996)
Jean Balland (1998)
Louis-Marie Billé (2001-2002)
Pio Laghi (2002-2009)
Donald William Wuerl (2010-

(1) According to Cristofori, he was deacon of S. Maria Nuova from 1190 to 1193.

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Ss. Pietro e Paolo a Via Ostiense
Established by Pope Paul VI on February 5, 1965, by the apostolic constitution Cum Nobis esset.

Franjo Šeper (1965-1981)
Ricardo Jamin Vidal (1985-

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S. Pio X alla Balduina
Established by Pope Paul VI (1963-1978) in 1969.

John Francis Dearden (1969-1988)
Nicolás de Jesús López Rodríguez (1991-

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S. Prassede
The title of S. Prassede was established by Pope Saint Alexander I ca. 112. It was listed in the Roman Synod of March 1, 499 and in every list thereafter. According to the catalog of Pietro Mallio, composed during the pontificate of Alexander III (1159-1181), this title was attached to the Basilica of Saint Lorenzo fuori le mura and its priests were to celebrate mass there in turn.

Lorenzo (494-506/508)
Lorenzo (515?-?)
Pietro (530-?)
Avenzio (590-?)
Pasquale (796-817)
Elario (829-?)
Adimaro, O.S.B.Cas. (1062-ca. 1073)
Benedetto Cao (1073-1077 or 1087)
Desiderio (after 1077 or 1087-before 1099)
Deodato (1091?-?), pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement III
Lamberto Scannabecchi, Can. Reg. of Saint Augustine (1099-1105)
Desiderio (1105-ca. 1138) (1)
Ubaldo Allucingoli (1141-1158)
Guglielmo, Can. Reg. of S. Maria di Reno (1173)
Ridolfo Nigelli (1188-1189)
Rufino (1190-1191/1192)
Giacomo Cesarini (1191-1198) (2)
Giovanni Colonna (1212-1245)
Anchero Pantaleone (1262-1286)
Vacant (?) (1282-1305)
Gentile da Montefiore, administrator (1305-1312)
Nicolas de Fréauville, O.P., in commendam (1321-1321)
Vacant (?) (1321-1327)
Pedro Gómez de Barroso, el viejo (1327-1341)
Gilles Rigaud, O.S.B. (1350-1353)
Vacant (1353-1369)
Marco da Viterbo, O.F.M. (1366-1369)
Pedro Gómez de Barroso Albornoz, el joven (1371-1374)
Pietro Pileo di Prata (1378-1385)
Tommaso Ammanati (1385-1396), pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement VII (3)
Pedro Fernández de Frías (1405-1412), pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement VII
Antonio Calvi (1405-1409) (4)
Vacant (1409-1426)
Raimond Mairose (1426-1427)
Vacant (1427-1440)
Jean Le Jeune (1440-1441)
Alain de Coëtivy (1448-1465); in commendam (1465-1474)
Giovanni Arcimboldo (1476-1488)
Antonio Gentile Pallavicini, in commendam (1489-1493); (1493-1503)
Gabriele de' Gabrielli (1507-1511)
Christopher Bainbridge (1511-1514)
Antonio Maria Ciocchi del Monte (1514-1521)
Vacant (1521-1529)
Ippolito de' Medici (1529-1532)
Tommaso Vio, O.P. (1534)
Francesco Cornaro (1535-1541)
Philippe de la Chambre, O.S.B. (1541-1542)
Gasparo Contarini (1542)
Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte (1542-1543)
Miguel de Silva (1543-1552)
Cristoforo Guidalotti Ciocchi del Monte (1552-1564)
Carlo Borromeo (1564-1584)
Nicolas de Pellevé (1584-1594)
Alessandro Ottaviano de' Medici (1594-1600)
Simeone Tagliavia d'Aragonia (1600)
Antonio Maria Gallo (1600-1605)
Ottavio d'Acquaviva d'Aragona (1605-1612)
Bartolomeo Cesi (1613-1620)
Roberto Bellarmino, S.J. (1620-1621)
François d'Escoubleau de Sourdis (1621-1628)
Marcello Lante (1628-1629)
Roberto Ubaldini (1629-1635)
Guido Bentivoglio (1635-1639)
Giulio Roma (1639-1644)
Ernest Adalbert von Harrach (1644-1667)
Giulio Gabrielli (1667)
Virginio Orsini (1667-1668)
Alderano Cibo (1668-1677)
Pietro Vito Ottoboni, iuniore (1680-1681)
Francesco Albizzi (1681-1684)
Decio Azzolini, iuniore (1684-1689)
Giulio Spinola (1689-1691)
Francesco Maidalchini (1691-1700)
Galeazo Marescotti (1700-1708)
Fabrizio Spada (1708-1710)
Bandino Panciatici (1710-1718)
Francesco Barberini, iuniore (1718-1721)
Giuseppe Sacripante (1721-1726)
Filippo Antonio Gualterio (1726-1728)
Lodovico Pico della Mirandola (1728-1731)
Antonfelice Zondadari (1731-1737)
Giorgio Spinola (1737-1738)
Luis Antonio Belluga y Moncada (1738-1743)
Angelo Maria Quirini, O.S.B.Cas. (1743-1755)
Domenico Silvio Passionei (1755-1759)
Giacomo Oddi (1759-1763)
Carlo Vittorio Amedeo delle Lanze (1763-1783)
Vitaliano Borromeo (1783-1793)
Francesco Saverio de Zelada (1793-1801)
Antonio Dugnani (1801-1807)
Carlo Bellisomi (1807-1808)
Vacant (1808-1814)
Giovanni Filippo Gallarati Scotti (1814-1818); in commendam (1818-1819)
Vacant (1819-1823)
Francesco Serlupi (1823-1828)
Antonio Domenico Gamberini (1829-1839); in commendam (1839-1841)
Paolo Polidori (1841-1847)
Luigi Vannicelli Casoni (1847-1877)
Odoardo Borromeo (1878-1881)
Angelo Bianchi (1883-1889)
Tommaso Maria Zigliara, O.P. (1891-1893)
Gaetano Aloisi Masella (1893-1902)
Rafael Merry del Val y Zulueta (1903-1930)
Raffaele Carlo Rossi, O.C.D. (1930-1948)
Vacant (1948-1953)
Pietro Ciriaci (1953-1964)
Owen McCann (1965-1994)
Paul Poupard (1996-

(1) Cristofori lists a Cardinal Teobaldo or Teodaldo as occupant of this title in 1121, but Annuaire Pontifical Catholique says that it is erroneous.
(2) Cristofori lists as occupants of this title, Enrico Sifredo Caetani (1198-1216); Giovanni (1211-1221); Sifredo (Goffredo) (1211-1216); and Giovanni Colonna (1212-1245). Hierarchia Catholica indicates that Sifredo and Goffredo are one and the same person and that the same happens with Giovanni and Giovanni Colonna.
(3) According to Cristofori, Cardinal Giacomo de Vis (Itro) occupied this title from 1387? to 1393.
(4) According to Cristofori, Cardinal Angelo Barbarigo occupied this title from 1415 to 1418.

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Preziossisimo Sangue di Nostro Signore Gesù Cristo
Established by Pope Benedict XVI in 2007.

John Njue (2007-

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S. Prisca
The title of Ss. Prisca e Aquila was erected ca. 112 by Pope Saint Alexander I. Aquila and his wife Priscilla (or Prisca) hosted the Apostle Saint Paul who mentions them in his letters. They are inscribed in the Roman Martyrology and their feast is celebrated on July 8. The title Priscae is mentioned in an inscription of 489 and in the list of the Roman Synod of March 1, 499. In some later lists, it is mentioned as Ss. Aquila e Prisca. According to the catalog of Pietro Mallio, composed during the pontificate of Alexander III (1159-1181), this title was attached to the Basilica of S. Paolo fuori le mura and its priests were to celebrate mass there in turn.

Domenico (494-?)
Mauro (590-before 604)
Adeodato (604-?)
Giovanni (721-before 745)
Domenico (745-before 761)
Ermogene (761-?)
Giovanni (853-?)
Giovanni (between 1080 and 1099), pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement III
Gregorio (1088-1094)
Geoffroy, O.S.B. (1094-1099)
Gerardo (1099-ca. 1100)
Romano (ca. 1110-ca. 1115)
Gerardo (ca. 1115-ca. 1120)
Gregorio (1120-1121)
Pietro (1121-1122)
Errico (1126 or 1129-1130)
Gregorio (1130?-ca. 1138)
Raniero (1138-1146)
Astaldo degli Astalli (1151-1161) (1)
Uberto (1159?-before 1180) (2)
Vacant (?) (1180-1193)
Giovanni di San Paolo Colonna, O.S.B. (1193-1205)
Vacant (?) (1205-1305)
Pierre Arnaud de Puyanne, O.S.B. (1305-1306)
Arnaud Nouvel, O.Cist. (1310-1317)
Simon d'Archiac (1320-1323)
Jacques Fournier, O.Cist. (1327-1334)
Gozzio Battaglia (1338-1348)
Vacant (1348-1371)
Bertrand Lagier, O.F.M. (1371-1375)
Agapito Colonna (1378-1380)
Giacomo d'Itri (1378-1387), pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement VII
Pietro Pileo di Prata (1387-1391), pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement VII
Vacant (1391-1440)
Zbigniew z Oleśnicy (1440-1455)
Juan de Mella (1456-1465)
Vacant (1465-1496)
Juan de Castro (1496-1506)
Niccolò Fieschi (1506-1511); in commendam (1511-1524)
Vacant (1518-1525)
Andrea Della Valle (1525-1533)
Vacant (1533-1537)
Gianvincenzo Carafa (1537)
Rodolfo Pio (1537-1543)
Bartolomeo Guidiccioni (1543-1549)
Federico Cesi (1550-1557)
Giovanni Angelo de' Medici (1557-1559)
Jean Bertrand (1560)
Jean Suau (1560-1566)
Bernardo Salviati (1566-1568)
Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle (1568-1570)
Stanisław Hosius (1570)
Girolamo Corregio (1570)
Gianfrancesco Gambara (1570-1572)
Alfonso Gesualdo (1572-1578)
Flavio Orsini (1578-1581)
Pedro de Deza (1584-1587)
Girolamo Simoncelli (1588-1598)
Benedetto Giustiniani (1599-1611)
Bonifazio Bevilacqua (1611-1613)
Carlo Conti (1613-1615)
Tiberio Muti (1616-1636)
Vacant (1636-1647)
Francesco Adriano Ceva (1643-1655)
Giulio Gabrielli (1656-1667)
Carlo Pio, iuniore (1667-1675)
Alessandro Crescenzi (1675-1688)
Marcello Durazzo (1689-1701)
Giuseppe Archinto (1701-1712)
Francesco Maria Casini, O.F.M.Cap. (1712-1719)
Giovanni Battista Salerni, S.J. (1720-1726)
Luis Antonio Belluga y Moncada, Orat. (1726-1737)
Pier Luigi Carafa (1737-1740)
Silvio Velenti Gonzaga (1740-1747)
Mario Millini (1747-1748)
Vacant (1748-1760)
Lodovico Merlino (1760-1762)
Vacant (1762-1801)
Francesco Mantica (1801-1802)
Vacant (1802-1835)
Francesco Maria Pandolfi (1832-1835)
Giuseppe Alberghini (1835-1847)
Vacant (1847-1862)
Miguel García Cuesta (1862-1873)
Tommaso Maria Martinelli, O.E.S.A. (1875-1884)
Pietro Geremia Michelangelo Celesia, O.S.B.Cas. (1884-1887)
Vacant (1887-1891)
Luigi Sepiacci, O.E.S.A. (1891-1893)
Domenico Ferrata (1896-1914)
Vittorio Amedeo Ranuzzi de' Bianchi (1916-1927)
Henri-Charles-Joseph Binet (1927-1936)
Adeodato Giovanni Piazza, O.C.D. (1937-1949)
Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli (1953-1958)
Giovanni Urbani (1958-1962)
José da Costa Nunes (1962-1976)
Giovanni Benelli (1977-1982)
Alfonso López Trujillo (1983-2001)
Justin Francis Rigali (2003-

(1) Cristofori lists as his successor Cardinal Actaldo (?) (1158), but Annuaire Pontifical Catholique indicates that this is the same person.
(2) Cristofori lists Cardinal Soffredo, probably Soffredo Errico Gaetani, as occupant of this title in 1182 but Annuaire Pontifical Catholique indicates that he opted for the title of S. Prassede not S. Prisca.

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Ss. Protomartiri a Via Aurelia Antica
Established by in 1969 Pope Paul VI (1963-1978).

Joseph Malula (1969-1989)
Henri Schwery (1991-

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Ss. Pudente e Pudenziana (Pastore)
See S. Pudenziana


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Pudentis
See S. Pudenziana


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S. Pudenziana
This title was erected ca. 112 by Pope Saint Alexander I, before it was Saint Pudentis, where Saint Peter had erected his "chair" and where he lived ca. 42. Later, in 160, Pope Saint Pius I (142 or 146-157 or 161) annexed an oratory to it and assigned it to his friend Pastore, from whom he got the name of S. Pastore, which was later replaced by S. Pudenziana. The church was rebuilt in the IV century by Pope Saint Siricius. The title Pudentiana, mentioned in an inscription of 384, reappeared in the list of participants in the Roman Synod of 595 under the name of Pudentis. In the biographies of Popes Adrian I (772-795) and Saint Leo III (795-816), in Liber Pontificalis, it had become Prudentis id est Pudentianae. According to the catalog of Pietro Mallio, composed during the pontificate of Alexander III (1159-1181), this title, listed as Sanctæ Potentianæ, was attached to the Basilica of S. Maria Maggiore and its priests were to celebrate mass there in turn. A list of 1492 keeps the same name, but from the sixteenth century to the present, the title is named S. Pudenziana.

Asterio (494-?)
Basso (590-?)
Sergio (745-?)
Romano (805-before 853)
Romano (853-?)
Benedetto (1077-before 1099)
Ottone (1099-before 1105)
Giovanni (1105-ca. 1113)
Corrado (1113-ca. 1130)
Giovanni Dauferio, pseudocardinal of Antipope Anacletus II (1130-1133); (1134-ca. 1135)
Griffone (1135-1139)
Presbitero (1139-1140)
Pietro (1140-1144)
Guido Cibo (1144-1159)
Gerardo (1159-ca. 1164) (1)
Giovanni, pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement III (1160?-1172?)
Boso Breakspeare, O.S.B. (1165-ca. 1179 or 1181)
Roberto (1179-before 1188)
Giordano de Ceccano, O.Cis. (1188-1205)
Pietro Sasso (1205-1219)
Barthélemy (1227-1230)
Vacant (?) (1230-1278)
Girolamo Masci, O.F.M. (1278-1281)
Robert de Potigny, O.Cist. (1294-1305)
Guillaume Arrufat des Forges (1306-1311)
Raymond, O.S.B. (1312-1317)
Pierre Des Près (1320-1323)
Vacant (1323-1378) (2)
Rainolfo de Monteruc (1378-1382)
Marino Giudice (ca.1383-1386)
Bertrande de Chanac (1385-1401), pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement VII
Bartolomeo Oleario, O.F.M. (1389-1396)
Angelo d'Anna de Sommariva, O.Camald. (1396-1412)
Vacant (1412-1440)
Otón de Moncada i de Luna (1440-1448), pseudocardinal of Antipope Felix V
Guillaume Briçonnet (1495-1507)
Pietro Isvalies (1507-1511)
Matthäus Schinner (1511-1522)
Giavincenzo Caraffa (1528-1537)
Rodolfo Pio (1537)
Ascanio Parisani (1540-1549)
Giovanni Angelo de' Medici (1549-1550) and (1552-1553)
Scipione Rebiba (1556-1565)
Francisco Pacheco de Toledo (1565)
Gianfancesco Gambara (1565-1570)
Paolo Burali d'Arezzo, Theat. (1570-1578)
Claude de La Baume (1580-1584)
Enrico Caetani (1586-1599)
Ascanio Colonna (1599-1606)
Innocenzo del Bufalo-Cancellieri (1606-1607)
Bonifazio Caetani (1607-1617)
Roberto Ubaldini (1617-1621)
Antonio Caetani (1621-1624)
Luigi Caetani (1626-1642)
Alderano Cibo (1645-1668)
Rinaldo d'Este (1668-1671)
Gasparo Carpegna (1671-1672)
Girolamo Gastaldi (1673-1677)
Federico Caccia (1696-1699)
Giovanni Maria Gabrielli, O.S.B.Cis. (1700-1711)
Ferdinando Nuzzi (1716-1717)
Carlos de Borja-Centellas y Ponce de León (1721-1733)
Giuseppe Spinelli (1735-1752)
Antonino Sersale (1754-1775)
Andrea Gioannetti, O.Cam. (1778-1800)
Lorenzo Litta (1801-1814)
Vacant (1814-1818)
Fabrizio Sceberras Testaferrata (1818-1843)
Tommaso Pasquale Gizzi (1844-1849)
Nicholas Wiseman (1850-1865)
Lucien-Louis-Joseph-Napoléon Bonaparte (1868-1879)
Domenico Sanguini (1880-1882)
Włodzimierz Czacki (1883-1888)
Giuseppe Maria Benedetto Dusmet, O.S.B.Cas. (1889-1894)
Victor-Lucien-Sulpice Lecot (1894-1908)
Francis Bourne (1911-1935)
Luigi Maglione (1936-1944)
Jules-Géraud Saliége (1946-1956)
Alberto di Jorio, pro illa vice deaconry (1958-1967); title (1967-1979)
Joachim Meisner (1983-

(1) Cristofori lists Cardinal Gherardo as his successor in 1163 but most probably he is the same person.
(2) Cristofori lists Cardinal Bertrand de Cosnac, C.R.S.A.. as occupant of this title from 1371 to 1374 (he may have had this titke ib commendam)but Hierarchia Catholica indicates that he was cardinal priest of S. Marcello from 1372 to 1374.

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Ss. Quattro Coronati
The title Æmilianae was identified by Monsignor Louis Duchesne with the title Ss. Quattro Coronati. It was listed in the Roman Synods of 499 and 595. Annuaire Pontifical Catholique indicates that when Pope Saint Gregory the Great (590-604) suppressed the title Emiliana ca. 590, he replaced it with this title. According to the catalog of Pietro Mallio, composed during the pontificate of Alexander III (1159-1181), this title was attached to the Basilica of S. Lorenzo fuori le mura and its priests were to celebrate mass there in turn.

Fortunato (590-?)
Giovanni (721-before 745)
Teofanio (745-before 761)
Costantino (761-before 772)
Ubaldo Cornelio (772-before 795)
Leone, O.S.B. (844-847)
Leone (853-before 882)
Basilio (882)
Stefano (882-885)
Teofilatto (963-?)
Emanno (1061-1088)
Bobone (1099-1100)
Agostino (1100-?)
Bosone (ca. 1117-?)
Benedetto (1135-1137), pseudocardinal of Antipope Anacletus II
Guillaume Court, O.Cist. (1338-1350)
Vacant (1350-1361)
Pierre Itier (1361-1364)
Jean de Dormans (1368-1373)
Hugues de Montrelais, le jeune (1375-1379)
Démétér (1378-1386)
Bálint Alsáni (1386-1408)
Jean de Neufchatel (1383-1392), pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement VII
Vacant (1392-1405)
Francesco Uguccione (1405-1412) (1)
Louis de Luxembourg (1440-1442)
Bernard de La Planche, O.S.B., (1441-1448/1449), pseudocardinal of Antipope Felix V
Alfonso de Borja (1444-1455)
Luis Juan del Milà (1456-1508)
Vacant (1508-1513)
Lorenzo Pucci (1513-1524)
Vacant (1524-1531)
Antonio Pucci (1531-1541)
Roberto Pucci (1544-1547)
Henrique de Portugal (1547-1580)
Vacant (1580-1584)
Giovan Antonio Facchinetti de Nuce, seniore (1584-1591)
Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti de Nuce, iuniore (1592-1602)
Giovanni Garzia Millini (1608-1627)
Girolamo Vidoni (1627-1632)
Francesco Boncompagni (1634-1641)
Cesare Facchinetti (1643-1671)
Francesco Albizzi (1671-1680)
Sebastiano Antonio Tanara (1696-1715)
Giambattista Patrizi (1716-1727)
Vacant (1727-1731)
Alessandro Aldobrandini (1731-1734)
Joaquín Fernández Portocarrero (1743-1747)
Giovanni Battista Mesmer (1747-1749)
Vacant (1749-1754)
Carlo Francesco Durini (1754-1769)
Vacant (1769-1775)
Christoph Anton von Migazzi (1775-1803)
Vacant (1803-1826)
Lodovico Micara, O.F.M.Cap. (1826-1837)
Giovanni Soglia (1839-1856)
Vacant (1856-1863)
Antonino Saverio De Luca (1863-1878)
Americo Ferreira dos Santos Silva (1880-1899)
Pietro Respighi (1899-1913)
Giacomo della Chiesa (1914)
Victoriano Guisasola Menéndez (1914-1920)
Karl Joseph Schulte (1921-1941)
Norman Thomas Gilroy (1946-1977)
Vacant (1977-1983)
Julijonas Vaivods (1983-1990)
Roger Michael Mahony (1991-

(1) Cristofori indicates that Cardinal Alfonso Carrillo de Albornoz was commendatario from 1423-1434.

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Ss. Quirico e Giulitta
This title was erected on April 13, 1587 by Pope Sixtus V (1585-1590) by the apostolic constitution Religiosa. It replaced that of S. Ciriaco alle Terme Diocleziane, which he suppressed.

Alessandro Ottaviano de' Medici (1587-1591)
Francesco Maria Bourbon del Monte Santa Maria (1591-1592)
Lucio Sassi (1593-1604)
Marcello Lante (1606-1628)
Gregorio Naro (1629-1634)
Angelo Giori (1643-1662)
Lorenzo Raggi (1664-1679)
Galeazzo Marescotti (1681-1700)
Vacant (1700-1710)
Fulvio Astalli (1710)
Michelangelo Conti (1711-1721)
Henri-Pons de Thiard de Bissy (1721-1730)
Troiano Acquaviva d'Aragona (1732-1733)
Domenico Riviera (1733-1741)
Luca Melchiore Tempi (1755-1756)
Giuseppe Alessandro Furietti (1759-1764)
Vacant (1764-1817)
Antonio Lante (1817)
Vacant (1817-1829)
Giovanni Antonio Benvenuti (1829-1838)
Gabriele Ferretti (1839-1853)
Juraj Haulik Váralyai (1857-1869)
Miguel Payá y Rico (1877-1891)
Giuseppe Maria Granniello, C.R.S.P. (1893-1896)
Salvador Casañas y Pagés (1896-1908)
Vacant (1908-1916)
Tommaso Pio Boggiani, O.P. (1916-1929)
Paul-Marie-André Richaud (1958-1968)
Vacant (1968-2007)
Seán Baptist Brady (2007-

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©1998-2014 Salvador Miranda.