The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Titles
SS. Redentore a Val Melaina --- Ss. Vitale, Valeria, Gervasio e Protasio


SS. Redentore a Val Melaina SS. Redentore e S. Alfonso in Via Merulana Regina Apostolorum S. Roberto Bellarmino

S. Sabina S. Salvatore in Lauro S. Saturnino S. Sebastiano alle Catacombe S. Silvestro e Martino ai Monti (Equitii) S. Silvestro in Capite

S. Silvia S. Simeone Profeta Ss. Simone e Giuda Taddeo a Torre Angela S. Sisto (Crescentianae) S. Sofia a Via Boccea Spirito Santo alla Ferratella

S. Stefano al Monte Celio S. Susanna (Gaii) S. Teresa al Corso d'Italia Tigride S. Tommaso in Parione Trasfigurazione di Nostro Signore Gesy Cristo

S. Trifone SS. Trinità al Monte Pincio S. Ugo Vestinae Ss. Vitale, Valeria, Gervasio e Protasio

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SS. Redentore a Val Melaina
Established by Pope John Paul II in 1994. The church is located at Via Monte Ruggero, 63, Rome.

Ersilio Tonini (1994-2013)
Ricardo Ezzati Andrello, S.D.B. (2014-

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SS. Redentore e S. Alfonso in Via Merulana
Established by Pope John XXIII on December 30, 1960, by the apostolic constitution Plurima. The church is located at Via Merulana, 26, Rome.

Joseph Elmer Ritter (1961-1967)
José Clemente Maurer, C.SS.R. (1967-1990)
Anthony Joseph Bevilacqua (1991-2012)
Vincent Gerard Nichols (2014-

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Regina Apostolorum
Established by Pope Paul VI on February 5, 1965, by the apostolic constitution Purpuratorum Patrum numerum.

Ermenegildo Florit (1965-1985)
Giuseppe Maria Sensi (1987-2001)
Virigilio Noè (2002-2011)
John Tong Hon (2012-

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S. Roberto Bellarmino
Established in 1969 by Pope Paul VI (1963-1978).

Pablo Muñoz Vega, S.J. (1969-1994)
Augusto Vargas Alzamora, S.J. (1994-2000)
Jorge Mario Bergoglio, S.J. (2001-2013)
Mario Aurelio Poli (2014-

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S. Sabina
The title of S. Sabina, on the Aventine Mount, was erected ca. 423 by Pope Saint Celestine I (422-432), or, most probably, it was confirmed by him because it must have been in existence for a long time since the death of Saint Sabine occurred in 119. The title Sabinae was listed in the Roman Synod of March 1, 499. After 595, it was called Santa or Beata Sabina. According to the catalog of Pietro Mallio, composed during the pontificate of Alexander III (1159-1181), this title was attached to the basilica of S. Paolo fuori le mura and its priests were to celebrate mass there in turn. The title of S. Sabina should not be confused with the suburbicarian see of Sabina.

Valente (494-?)
Basilio (523-?)
Felice (590-before 612)
Marino (612-?)
Marino (721-before 741)
Tordono (741-before 745)
Giordano (745-before 761?)
Teofilo (761-?)
Pietro Guglielmo (761-?)
Eugenio (816-824)
Gioviniano (853-?)
Stefano (963-?)
Martino (1033-before 1058)
Bruno (1058-before 1088)
Alberico (1088-ca. 1092)
Bruno (1092-ca. 1099)
Nicola, O.S.B. (1099), pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement III
Alberto (1099-1100) (1)
Vitale (1105-before 1112)
Uberto (1112-ca. 1117)
Roberto (1120-1122)
Gregorio (1126-ca. 1137)
Stanzio (1137-1143) (2)
Manfredo (1143-ca. 1158)
Galdino (1165-1176)
Pietro (1176-1178)
Guillaume de Champagne (1179-1202) (3)
Raoul de Neuville (1202-1203)
Siegfried von Eppstein (1206-1208?)
Tommaso da Capua (1216-1243)
Hugues de Saint-Cher, O.P. (1244-1263) (4)
Hugues Aycelin de Billom, O.P. (1288-1294)
Niccolò Boccasini, O.P. (1298-1300)
William Macclesfield, O.P. (1303)
Walter Winterbourne, O.P. (1304-1305)
Thomas Jorz, O.P. (1305-1310)
Nicolas Caignet de Fréauville, O.P., administrator (1310-1323)
Gérard Lagarde, O.P. (1342-1343)
Jean de Moulins, O.P. (1350-1353)
Vacant (1353-1368)
Francesco Tebaldeschi (1368-1378)
Giovanni d'Amelia (1378-1385) (5)
Bálint Alsáni (1385-1386)
Tommaso Clausse, O.P. (1382-1390), pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement VII (6)
Vacant (1390-ca. 1440)
Giuliano Cesarini (ca. 1440-1444)
Giovanni de Primis, O.S.B.Cas. (1446-1449)
Guillaume d'Estaing, O.S.B. (1450-1455)
Enea Silvio Piccolomini (1456-1458)
Berardo Eroli (1460-1474)
Ausias Despuig (1477-1483)
Giovanni d'Aragona (1483-1484); in commendam (1484-1485)
Vacant (1485-1493)
Jean Bilhères de Lagraulas, O.S.B. (1493-1499)
Diego Hurtado de Mendoza y Quiñones (1500-1502)
Francisco Lloris y de Borja (1503-1505)
Fazio Giovanni Santori (1505-1510)
René de Prie (1511)
Bandinello Sauli (1511-1516) (7)
Giovanni Piccolomini (1517-1521)
Vacant (1521-1533)
Louis II de Bourbon de Vendôme (1533-1550)
Otto von Truchsess von Waldburg (1550-1561)
Michele Ghislieri, O.P. (1561-1565)
Simone Pasqua (1565)
Stanisław Hosius (1565)
Benedetto Lomellini (1565-1579)
Vincenzo Giustiniani, O.P. (1579-1582)
Filippo Spinola (1584-1593)
Ottavio Bandini (1596-1615)
Giulio Savelli (1616-1636)
Alessandro Bichi (1637-1657)
Scipione Pannocchieschi d'Elci (1658-1670)
Luis Manuel Fernández de Portocarrero (1670-1698)
Francesco Giudice (1700-1717)
Mihály Frigyes Althan (1720-1734)
Vacant (1734-1738)
Rainiero D'Elci (1738-1747); in commendam (1747-1761)
Vacant (1761-1775)
Leonardo Antonelli (1775-1794)
Giulio Maria della Somaglia (1795-1801)
Vacant (1801-1818)
Johann Casimir Häffelin (1818-1822)
Luigi Pandolfi (1823-1824)
Vacant (1824-1829)
Gustave-Maximilian-Juste de Croy (1829-1844)
Sisto Riario Sfroza (1846-1877)
Vincenzo Moretti (1877-1881)
Edward McCabe (1882-1885)
Serafino Vannutelli (1887-1889)
Agostino Bausa, O.P. (1889-1899)
François Désiré Mathieu (1899-1908)
Léon-Adolph Amette (1911-1920)
Francisco de Asís Vidal Barraquer (1921-1942)
Ernesto Ruffini (1946-1967)
Gabriel-Marie Garrone (1967-1994)
Jozef Tomko (1996-

(1) Cristofori lists a second Cardinal Alberto as occupant of this title in 1100 who must be the same person.
(2) Cristofori lists Cardinal Graziano as occupant of this title from 1140 to 1144 but his existence has not been ascertained.
(3) Cristofori lists Cardinal Siegfried von Eppenstein (?) as occupant of this title from 1211 to 1230.
(4) Cristofori lists Cardinal Theobald d'Estampes as occupant of this title in 1288.
(5) Cristofori lists a Cardinal Francesco as occupant of this title in December (?) 1385.
(6) Hierarchia Catholica indicates that some authors mention Cardinal Bálint Alsáni (or Valentin d'Alsan) as having been assigned to this title in 1384 but that when he went to the Roman Curia in 1407 he had been assigned the title of Ss. Quatri Coronati.
(7) Cristofori lists, with a question mark (?), Cardinal Adrian Gouffier de Boisy as occupant of this title from 1517 to 1518; Cardinal Giovanni Piccolomini in 1517; Cardinal Ludovico di Borbone, also with a (?), from 1517 to 1556 and then Cardinal Otto Truchess von Waldburg from 1550 to 1561.

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S. Salvatore in Lauro
Pope Sixtus V (1585-1590) established this title on April 13, 1587, by the apostolic constitution Religiosa. It was suppressed on May 19, 1670 by Pope Clement X (1670-1676) and transferred to the new church of S. Bernardo alle Terme Diocleziane. It was reestablished as a deaconry in 2007 by Pope Benedict XVI (2005-2013). The church is also called S. Salvatore in Lauro dei Piceni.

Scipione Lancellotti (1587-1598)
Silvio Antoniano (1599-1603)
Séraphin Olivier-Razali (1604-1609)
Orazio Lancellotti (1611-1620)
Pietro Valier (1621-1624)
Luca Antonio Virili (1629-1634)
Ciriaco Rocci (1635-1651)
Pietro Vito Ottoboni (1652-1660)
Pietro Sforza Pallavicino, S.J. (1660-1667)
Giovanni Delfino, iuniore (1667-1670)
Title suppressed in 1670

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S. Saturnino
Established by Pope John Paul II in 2003.

Rodolfo Quezada Toruño (2003-2012)
John Olorunfemi Onaiyekan (2012-)

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S. Sebastiano alle Catacombe
Established by Pope John XXIII on December 30, 1960, by the apostolic constitution Consueverunt. It is a minor basilica entrusted to the Order of the Friars Minor (Franciscans). The parish was erected by Pope Clement XI on April 18, 1714.

Ildebrando Antoniutti (1962-1973)
Sebastiano Baggio (1973-1974)
Johannes Willebrands (1975-2006)
Lluís Martínez Sistach (2007-

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Ss. Silvestro e Martino ai Monti
The title of S. Silvestro, also called Equitii, was erected ca. 314 by Pope Saint Silvester I (314-335) in the land of one of his priests called Equitius, in Carine, near the Esquilino. It later became the title of Ss. Martino e Silvestro and, in modern times, Ss. Silvestro e Martino ai Monti. According to the catalog of Pietro Mallio, composed during the pontificate of Alexander III (1159-1181), this title was attached to Saint Peter's basilica and its priests were to celebrate mass there in turn.

Felice (ca. 515-526) (1)
Lorenzo (590-?)
Stefano (?-939)
Giovanni (963-?)
Benedetto (1037-before 1044)
Giovanni (1044-ca. 1059)
Guido (ca. 1060-before 1073)
Jean, O.S.B. (1073-ca. 1088)
Pietro (1088-?)
Benedetto (1099-ca. 1102)
Domnizzone (ca. 1102-ca. 1122)
Bonifazio (1105?-?)
Pietro Cariaceno (1122-ca. 1138)
Matteo (ca. 1138-1139)
Egmondo (1139-ca. 1145)
Giovanni Mercone (1150-1159), pseudocardinal of Antipopes Victor IV and Pachal III (1159-1169)
János Struma (1163?-1165?)
Stefano (1172-1173), pseudocardinal of Antipope Callistus III
Alessandro (1189-1190)
Ugo (1190-1209?)
Guala Bicchieri (1211-1227) (2)
François Cassard (1237)
Vacant (1237-1261) (?)
Simone Paltineri (1261-1277)
Gervais Jeancolet de Clinchamp (1281-1287)
Benedetto Caetani, seniore (1291-1294)
Gentile da Montefiore, O.F.M. (1300-1312)
Vital du Four, O.F.M. (1312-1321) (3)
Pierre des Chappes (1327-1334)
Aymeric de Chalus (1342-1349) (4)
Pierre du Cros (1350-1361) (5)
Gilles Aycelin de Montaigu (1361-1368) (6)
Filippo Carafa (1378-1389) (7)
Nicolas de Saint Saturnine, O.P. (1378-1382), pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement VII
Faydit d'Aigreffeuille, O.S.B. (1383-1391), pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement VII (8)
Bartolomeo Mezzavacca (1389-1396)
Pedro Serra (1397-1404), pseudocardinal of Antipope Benedict XIII
Giordano Orsini (1405-1409)
Vacant (1409-1440)
Guillaume d'Estouteville (1440-1454)
Johannes Grünwalder (1440), pseudocardinal of Antipope Felix V, did not accept promotion
Jean Jouffroy, O.S.B.Clun. (1461-1473)
Charles I de Bourbon (1476-1488)
André d'Espinay (1489-1500)
Tamás Bakócz (1500-1521)
Louis de Bourbon de Vendôme (1521-1533)
Jean d'Orléans-Longueville (1533)
Philippe de la Chambre, O.S.B. (1533-1541)
Uberto Gambara (1541-1542)
Giovanni Vincenzo Acquaviva d'Aragona (1542-1546)
Girolamo Verallo (1549-1553)
Diomede Carafa (1556-1560)
Carlo Borromeo (1560-1564); deaconry pro illa vice (1560-1563); restored to title (1563-1564)
Philibert Babou de la Bourdaisière (1564-1568)
Girolamo da Corregio (1568-1570)
Gaspar Cervantes de Gaete (1570-1572)
Gabriele Paleotti (1572-1587)
William Allen (1587-1594)
Francesco Cornaro, iuniore (1596-1598)
Fernando Niño de Guevara (1599-1609)
Domenico Rivarola (1611-1627)
Vacant (1627-1633)
Alfonso de la Cueva-Benavides y Mendoza-Carrillo (1633-1635)
Pier Lugi Carafa, seniore (1645-1655)
Federico Sfroza (1656-1659)
Volumnio Bandinelli (1660-1667)
Giulio Spinola (1667-1684)
Vacant (1684-1689)
Opizio Pallavicini (1689-1700)
Marcello d'Aste (1700-1709)
Giuseppe Maria Tommasi, Theat. (1712-1713)
Niccolò Caracciolo (1716-1728)
Giovanni Antonio Guadagni, O.C.D. (1731-1750)
Vacant (1750-1754)
Giovanni Francesco Stoppani (1754-1763)
Vacant (1763-1773)
Francesco Saverio Zelada (1773-1793)
Vacant (1793-1802)
Luigi Ruffo Scilla (1802-1832)
Ugo Pietro Spinola (1832-1858)
Antonio Benedetto Antonucci (1858-1879)
Pietro Francesco Meglia (1880-1883)
Vacant (1883-1887)
Luigi Giordani (1887-1893)
Kolos Ferenc Vaszary, O.S.B.Hungarica (1893-1915)
Giulio Tonti (1915-1918)
Achille Ratti (1921-1922)
Eugenio Tosi, O.SS.C.A. (1922-1929)
Alfredo Ildefonso Schuster, O.S.B. (1929-1954)
Vacant (1954-1958)
Giovanni Battista Montini (1958-1963)
Giovanni Colombo (1965-1992)
Armand Gaétan Razafindratandra (1994-2010)
Kazimierz Nycz (2010-

(1) Cristofori indicates that he was the occupant of this title since 494 but Annuaire Pontifical Catholique says that he was created cardinal ca. 515.
(2) Cristofori lists Francesco Gassard (or Cassardus) as dubbio occupant of this title in 1237. Hierarchia Catholica indicates that Chacón-Oldoini had listed him among the cardinals created by Pope Gregory IX (1227-1241) but that he should not be included among the cardinals because there is no document subscribed by him.
(3) Cristofori lists Cardinal Bertrand Augier de la Tour as occupant of this title from 1320 to 1323. According to Hierarchia Catholica he was cardinal priest of S. Vitale during those same years.
(4) Cristofori lists Cardinal Stefano de la Garde (Girard Domar (or de Daumario, or de Guardia), O.P.) as occupant of this title (incerto) from 1343?-1348? but Hierarchia Catholica indicates that he was cardinal priest of S. Sabina from 1342 to 1343, year in which he died.
(5) Cristofori lists Cardinal Pasteur de Sarrats, O.F.M., as occupant of this title from 1350 to 1356 but Hierarchia Catholica indicates that he was cardinal priest of Ss. Marcellino e Pietro during those same years.
(6) Cristofori lists Cardinal Pierre de la Foret (or Forest, or Laforest), O.S.B., as occupant of this title from 1356 to 1362. Hierarchia Catholica indicates that he was cardinal priest of Ss. XII Apostoli from 1356 to 1361, year in which he died.
(7) Cristofori lists Leonardo Rossi di Giffonio, pseudocardinal of AntipopeClement VII, as occupant of this title from 1382 to 1405. Hierarchia Catholica indicates that he was assigned to the title of S. Sisto from 1378 to 1407.
(8) Cristofori lists this pseudocardinal as occupant of the title from 1383 to 1386 and Pierre de Cros, O.S.B., also pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement VII, from 1385 to 1388 but Hierarchia Catholica indicates that he was assigned to the title of Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo from 1383 to 1388 and that the true Cardinal Pierre du Cros occupied the title of Ss. Silvestro e Martino from 1350 to 1361.

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S. Silvestro in Capite
This title was erected on July 6, 1517 by Pope Leo X (1513-1521) just after he greatly increased the number of cardinals in the consistory of July 1, 1517. The title also had the denominations of S. Silvestro in Campo Martis, S. Silvestro inter duos hortos and S. Silvestro in Cata Pauli.

Louis II de Bourbon de Vendôme (1517-1521); in commendam (1521-1533)
Vacant (1533-1541)
Uberto Gambara (1540-1541)
Tommaso Badia, O.P. (1542-1547)
Vacant (1547-1551)
Fabio Mignanelli (1551-1556)
Taddeo Gaddi (1557-1561)
Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, in commendam (1562-1565)
Annibale Bozzuti (1565)
Marco Antonio Bobba (1566-1572)
Vacant (1572-1585)
François de Joyeuse (1585-1587)
Pierre de Gondi (1588-1594)
Francisco de Ávila (1597-1599)
Franz Seraph von Dietrichstein (1599-1623)
Melchior Klesl (1623-1624)
Vacant (1624-1631)
Giovanni Battista Maria Pallotta (1631-1652)
Girolamo Colonna (1652-1653)
Domingo Pimentel Zúñiga, O.P. (1653)
Carlo Rossetti (1654-1672)
Gaspare Carpegna (1672-1689)
Girolamo Casanate (1689-1700)
Gianfrancesco Albani (1700)
Johannes Philipp von Lamberg (1701-1712)
Lodovico Pico della Mirandola (1712-1728)
Prospero Marfoschi (1728-1732)
Francesco Borghese (1732-1743)
Vincenzo Bichi (1743)
Antonio Ruffo (1743-1753)
Federico Marcello Lante (1753-1759)
Ferdinando Maria Rossi (1759-1767)
François-Joachim de Pierre de Bernis (1769-1774)
Innocnenzo Conti (1775-1783)
Giovanni Maria Riminaldi (1787-1789)
Francesco Carrara (1791-1793)
Carlo Livizzani (1794-1802)
Bartolomeo Pacca, seniore (1802-1818)
Antonio Pallotta (1823-1834)
Luigi Bottiglia Savoulx (1834-1836)
Costantino Patrizi Naro (1836-1849)
Jacques-Marie-Adrien-Césaire Mathieu (1852-1875)
Louis-Marie-Joseph-Eusèbe Caverot (1877-1884)
Vacant (1884-1891)
Vincenzo Vannutelli (1891-1900); in commendam (1900-1916)
Donato Raffaele Sbarretti (1916-1928)
Luigi Lavitrano (1929-1950)
Valerio Valeri (1953-1963)
John Carmel Heenan (1965-1975)
George Basil Hume, O.S.B. (1976-1999)
Desmond Connell (2001-

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S. Silvia
This title was established by Pope John Paul II in 2001.

Jānis Pujats (2001-

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S. Simeone Profeta
This title was established on December 4, 1551 by Pope Julius III (1550-1555) and suppressed in 1587 by Pope Sixtus V (1585-1590). It was also known as S. Simeone in Posterula.

Giacomo Puteo (1551-1555)
Virgilio Rosario (1557-1559)
Bernardo Salviati (1561-1566)
Vacant (1566-1570)
Charles d'Angennes de Rambouillet (1570) (1)
Giovanni Aldobrandini (1570-1573)
Vacant (1573-1584)
Scipione Lancelloti (1584-1587)
Title suppressed 1587

(1) Cristofori does not mention him among the occupants of this title. According to Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Ævi, he occupied the title between June 9 and November 20, 1570.

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Ss. Simone e Giuda Taddeo a Torre Angela
Established in 2014 by Pope Fancis. This is a modern parish church at Via di Torrenova 162 in the suburb of Torre Angela, which is in between the Via Prenestina and Via Casilina just east of the Circonvallazione Orientale. The dedication is to the two apostles Simon and Jude. The church was completed in 1992 and it is located at Via di Torrenova, 162, Rome.

Pietro Parolin (2014-

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S. Sisto
The title Crescentianae was listed in the Roman Synod of March 1, 499. It probably corresponded to the Basilica Crescentiana, which Liber Pontificalis says was founded by Pope Saint Anastasius I (399-401). Both Duchesne and Kirsch are in agreement in assigning this title to S. Sisto. Cristofori says that the title Tigride, suppressed by Pope S. Gregory I the Great (590-604) ca. 600, was replaced by the title of S. Sisto. According to the catalog of Pietro Mallio, composed during the pontificate of Alexander III (1159-1181), this title was attached to the Basilica of S. Paolo fuori le mura and its priests were to celebrate mass there in turn.

Romano (494-?)
Basso (590-?)
Felice (603-?)
Bonifacio (before 619-619)
Giovanni (721-before 761)
Donato (761-?)
Leone (?-936)
Benedetto (963-before 993)
Leone (993-before 1012)
Pietro (1012-ca. 1037)
Pietro (1037-before 1060)
Paolo Gentili (1088-1099)
Sigizzone, seniore (1099-ca. 1100)
Pietro Modoliense (ca. 1100-before 1117)
Sigizzone, iuniore (ca. 1117-?)
Giovanni, O.S.B. (1168-1177)
Arnaud de Villemur, Can. Reg. of Saint Augustine (1350-1355)
Nicolás Rosell, O.P. (1356-1362)
Simon Langham, O.S.B. (1368-1373)
Luca Rodolfucci de Gentili (1378-1389)
Leonardo Rossi da Griffoni, O.F.M. (1378-1407), pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement VII (1)
Giovanni Dominici, O.P. (1408-1419) (2)
Vacant (1419-1432)
Juan Casanova, O.P. (1432-1436)
Vacant (1436-1440)
Juan de Torquemada, O.P. (1440-1446)
Giovanni di Ragusa, O.P. (1440-1443), pseudocardinal of Antipope Felix V (3)
Vacant (1446-1471)
Pietro Riario, O.F.M.Conv. (1471-1474)
Pedro Ferris (1476-1478)
Pierre de Foix, le june (1485-1490)
Paolo Fregoso (ca. 1490-1498)
Georges I d'Amboise (1498-1510)
Achille de Grassi (1511-1517)
Tommaso de Vio, O.P. (1517-1534)
Nikolaus von Schönberg, O.P. (1535-1537)
Gian Pietro Carafa (1537-1541)
Juan Álvarez de Toledo, O.P. (1541-1547)
Charles II de Bourbon-Vendôme (1549-1561)
Philibert Babou de la Bourdaisière (1561-1564)
Ugo Boncompagni (1565-1572)
Filippo Boncompagni (1572-1586)
Jerzy Radziwill (1587-1600)
Alfonso Visconti (1600-1608)
Giambattista Leni (1608-1618)
Francisco Gómez Rojas de Sandoval (1621-1625)
Laudivio Zacchia (1626-1629)
Vacant (1629-1634)
Agostino Oreggi (1634-1635)
Carlo de' Medici (1644-1645)
Domenico Cecchini (1645-1656)
Giulio Rospigliosi (1657-1667)
Giacomo Rospigliosi (1668-1672)
Vincenzo Maria Orsini, O.P. (1672-1701)
Niccolò Spinola (1716-1725)
Agostino Pipia, O.P. (1725-1729)
Louis-Antoine de Noailles (1729)
Francesco Antonio Finy (1729-1738)
Vincenzo Ludovico Gotti, O.P. (1738-1742)
Luigi Maria Lucini, O.P. (1743-1745)
Carlo Vittorio Amedeo delle Lanze (1747-1758)
Giuseppe Agostino Orsi, O.P. (1759-1761)
Vacant (1761-1769)
Giovanni Molino (1769-1773)
Juan Tomas de Boxadors, O.P. (1775-1780)
Vacant (1780-1829)
Jean-Baptiste-Marie-Anne-Antoine de Latil (1829-1839)
Gaspare Bernardo Pianetti (1840-1862)
Filippo Maria Guidi, O.P. (1863-1872); in commendam (1872-1877)
Lucido Maria Parocchi (1877-1884)
Camillo Siciliano di Rende (1887-1897)
Giuseppe Prisco (1898-1923)
Vacant (1923-1930)
Achille Liènart (1930-1973)
Octavio Antonio Beras Rojas (1976-1990)
Ignatius Kung Pin-Mei (1991-2000)
Marian Jaworski (2001-

(1) Cristofori indicates that he only occupied the title in December 1378 and was succeeded by Nicolas de Saint Saturnine, O.P., pseudocardinal of AntipopeClement VII, from 1378 to 1382.
(2) Cristofori lists Cardinal Domenico Ram as occupant of this title from 1426 to 1427.
(3) According to Cistofori, these are the occupants of this title in this period of time: Pseudocardinal Giovanni Strasburgo (Jan de Raguse, O.P.) from 1444 to 1445 (?); Cardinals Pietro Riario (1471-1474); Giovanni Battista Millini (1474-1476); Pietro Ferrici y Comentano, O.S.B. (1480-1481); Pietro Foscari (incerto) (1481-1485); and Pietro de Foix, iuniore (incerto).

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S. Sofia a Via Boccea
Established by Pope John Paul II in 1985.

Myroslav Ivan Lubachivsky (1985-2000)
Lubomyr Husar, M.S.U. (2001-

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Spirito Santo alla Ferratella
Established by Pope John Paul II in 1988.

Vincentas Sladkevičius, M.I.C. (1988-2000)
Ivan Dias (2001-

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S. Stefano al Monte Celio
This title is listed in the Roman Synod of March 1, 494 and every list thereafter. Pope Saint Gregory I the Great (590-604) suppressed the title of S. Matteo in Merulana and substituted it with the already existing title of S. Stefano al Monte Celio but that substitution seems not to have taken place. It has been known with the following names: S. Stefano in Girimonte; S. Stefano Rotondo, because the shape of its church; S. Stefano in Querquetulano, because of its proximity to a forest of oaks; S. Stefano in capite Africæ, because of its vicinity to an old street called Caput Africæ, ancient pagan temple. According to the catalog of Pietro Mallio, composed during the pontificate of Alexander III (1159-1181), this title was attached to the Basilica of S. Lorenzo fuori le mura and its priests were to celebrate mass there in turn.

Marcello (494-?)
Benedetto (993-before 1010)
Benedetto (ca. 1010-before 1012)
Crescenzio (1012-?)
Ugo (1062?-?)
Sasso (ca. 1117-1136)
Martino, O.Cist. (1132-1143) (1)
Raniero (1143-1144)
Villano Gaetani (1144-1146)
Gerardo (1150-1159)
Gérard d'Autun (ca. 1170-after 1176)
Gero (1172), pseudocardinal of Antipope Callistus III
Vibiano (1175-1185)
Giovanni di Salerno, O.S.B.Cas. (1190-1208)
Robert Curzon (1216-1219) (2)
Vacant (?) (1219-1312)
Michel du Bec-Crespin (1312-1318)
Pierre Le Tessier, Can. Reg. of Saint Augustine (1320-1325)
Pierre de Mortemart (1327-1335)
Raymond de Montfort, O. de M. (1338)
Guillaume d'Aure, O.S.B. (1339-1353)
Elie de Saint-Yrieix, O.S.B. (1356-1363)
Guillaume d'Aigrefeuille, iuniore, O.S.B. Clun. (1367-1401)
Gugilemo di Capua (1384-1389)
Angelo Cino (1408-1412) (3)
Pierre Ravat, Can. Reg. of Saint Augustine (1408-1417), pseudocardinal of Antipope Benedict XIII
Pierre de Foix, le vieux, O.F.M. (1414 or 1415-1431)
Jean Carrier (1423-1429?), pseudocardinal of Antipope Benedict XIII (4)
Vacant (1431-1440)
Regnault de Chartres (1440-1444)
Jean Rolin (1448-1483)
Giovanni Giacomo Schiaffinati (1483-1484); in commendam (1484-1497)
Vacant (1497-1503)
Jaime de Casanova (1503-1504)
Antonio Gentile Pallavicini, in commendam (1504-1505)
Antonio Trivulzio, seniore, Can. Reg. of Sant'Antonio (1505-1507)
Melchior von Meckau (1507-1509)
François Guillaume de Castelnau-Clermont-Ludève (1509-1523)
Bernhard von Cles (1530-1539)
David Beaton (1539-1546)
Giovanni Girolamo Morone (1549-1553)
Giovanni Angelo de' Medici (1553-1557)
Fulvio Giulio della Corgna, O.S.Io.Hieros. (1557-1562)
Girolamo di Corregio (1562-1568)
Diego Espinosa y Arévalo (1568-1572)
Zaccaria Delfino (1578-1579)
Vacant (1579-1584)
Matthieu Cointerel (1584-1585)
Federico Cornaro, seniore, O.S.Io.Hieros. (1586-1590)
Antonmaria Sauli (1591-1603)
Giacomo Sannesio (1604-1621)
Lucio Sanseverino (1621-1623)
Bernardino Spada (1627-1642)
Juan de Lugo y de Quiroga, S.J. (1644)
Giovanni Giacomo Panciroli (1644-1651)
Marcello Santacroce (1652-1674)
Bernardino Rocci (1675-1680)
Raimondo Capizucchi, O.P. (1681-1687)
Francesco Buonvisi (1689-1700)
Giovanni Battista Tolomei, S.J. (1712-1726)
Giovanni Battista Salerni, S.J. (1726-1729)
Camillo Cibo (1729-1731)
Antonio Saverio Gentili (1731-1747)
Filippo Maria de Monti (1747-1754)
Fabrizio Serbelloni (1754-1763)
Pietro Paolo Conti (1763-1770)
Lodovico Calini (1771-1782)
Vacant (1782-1786)
Nicola Colonna di Stigliano (1786-1796)
Étienne-Hubert de Cambacérès (1805-1818)
Vacant (1818-1834)
Francesco Tiberi (1834-1839)
Vacant (1839-1845)
Fabio Maria Asquini (1845-1877)
Manuel García Gil (1877-1881)
Paul Ludolf Melchers (1885-1895)
Sylvester Sembratowicz (1896-1898)
Jakob Missia (1899-1902)
Lev Skrbenský z Hriste (1902-1938)
Vacant (1938-1946)
Jozsef Mindszenty (1946-1975)
Vacant (1975-1985)
Friedrich Wetter (1985-

(1) Cristofori lists Cardinal Guasino? (Guarino?) as occupant of this title in 1140? who undoubtedly is the same person.
(2) Cristofori lists Uberto de Terzago as occupant of this title in 1207 but Hierarchia Catholica indicates that although Chacón-Oldoini mentioned him among the cardinals created by Pope Innocent III (1198-1216), since he did not subscribe any documents as cardinal, it is doubtful that he was ever promoted.
(3) Cristofori lists Cardinal Pierre Arnaud, O.S.B., as occupant of this title from 1405 to 1406 but Hierarchia Catholica indicates that he was cardinal priest of S. Prisca during those same years.
(4) Cristofori lists Jean Carrier, pseudocardinal of AntipopeBenedict XIII, as occupant of this title from 1408 to 1429. According to Hierarchia Catholica, he was not promoted until May 22, 1423.

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S. Susanna
The title of Ss. Gabino (Gabinius, Gabii or Gaii) e Susanna was erected ca. 112 by Pope Saint Alexander I. The title Gaii is listed in the Roman Synod of March 1, 499. In the one of 595, it appears as the title Susannae. It recurs in all the later lists. According to the catalog of Pietro Mallio, composed during the pontificate of Alexander III (1159-1181), this title was attached to the Basilica of S. Paolo fuori le mura and its priests were to celebrate mass there in turn. It was also known as S. Susanna ad duas domos because of the Roman region in which it was located.

Asello (494-?)
Rustico (590-?)
Conone (683?-686)
Sergio (683?-687)
Giovanni (unknown date between 687 and 701)
Giovanni (745-before 761)
Leonzio (761-before 796)
Leone (unknown date between 772 and 795)
Giovanni (963-before 1012)
Giovanni (before 1012-before 1033)
Giovanni (1033-before 1062)
Pietro (1062-before 1099)
Rangier (1091-1096)
Ottaviano (1098-1099); pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement III
Gezo (1106-ca. 1112)
Pietro Gherardesca (1117-1130); pseudocardinal of Antipope Anacletus II (1130-1138); restored by Pope Innocent II (1138-1144)
Stanzio (1130-1133 or 1136)
Gezo (1144-1145)
Giordano Bobone (1145-1165)
Umfredo (1161-1172); pseudocardinal of Antipopes Victor IV, Paschal III and Callistus III
Ermanno (1165 or 1166-ca. 1170)
Lesbio Grassi (1170-1177/1178)
Pietro de Bono, Can. Reg. of Santa Maria of Reno (1173-1187)
Alessio (1188-1189)
Giovanni Felice (1189-1194)
Egidio di Agnani (1194)
Benedetto (1201-1212)
Aldobrandino Caetani (1219-1221)
Vacant (?) (1221-1281)
Geoffroy de Bar (1281-1287)
Benedetto Caetani, seniore, administrator (1288-1294)
Vacant (?) (1294-1316)
Pierre d'Arrabloy (1316-1328)
Vacant (1328-1342)
Andrea Ghini Malpighi (1342-1343)
Pierre Bertrand, iuniore (1344-1361)
Vacant (1361-1378)
Filippo Ruffini, O.P. (1378-1380 or 1384)
Francesco Carbone, O. Cist. (1385-1392)
Pierre de Thury (1385-1410), pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement VII, and later of Benedict XIII and Alexander V
Antonio Panciera (1411-1431), pseudocardinal of Antipope John XXIII
Vacant (1431-1440)
Louis de La Palud, O.S.B. (1440-1449), pseudocardinal of Antipope Felix V (1)
Tommaso Parentucelli (1446-1447)
Filippo Calandrini (1448-1451)
Alessandro Oliva, O.E.S.A. (1460-1463)
Vacant (1463-1467)
Jean Balue (1467-1483)
Lorenzo Cibo de' Mari (1489-1491)
Juan de Borja Lanzol de Romaní, el mayor (1492-1503)
Francesco Soderini (1503-1508)
Leonardo Grosso della Rovere (1508-1517)
Raffaele Petrucci (1517-1522)
Vacant (1522-1528)
Antonio Sanseverino, O.S.Io.Hieros. (1528-1530)
García de Loaysa y Mendoza, O.P. (1530-1546)
Georges II d'Amboise (1546-1550)
Jacques d'Annebaut (1548-1557)
Vacant (1557-1561)
Girolamo Seripando, O.S.A. (1561-1563)
Francisco Pacheco de Toledo, pro illa vice deaconry (1564-1565)
Bernardo Navagero (1565)
Francesco Alciati (1565-1569)
Girolamo Rusticucci (1570-1597)
Anne d'Escars de Giury, O.S.B. (1604-1612)
Gaspar Borja y Velasco (1612-1616)
Scipione Cobelluzzi (1616-1626)
Giulio Sacchetti (1626-1652)
Giambattista Spada (1654-1659)
Francesco Maria Sforza Pallavicino, S.J. (1659-1660)
Carlo Carafa della Spina (1665-1675)
Bernhard Gustave von Baden-Durlach, O.S.B. (1676-1677)
Vacant (1677-1686)
Marcantonio Barbarigo (1686-1697)
Daniello Marco Delfino (1700-1704)
Lorenzo Corsini (1706-1720)
José Pereira de Lacerda (1721-1738)
Vacant (1738-1747)
Raniero Felice Simonetti (1747-1749)
Vacant (1749-1756)
Luca Melchiore Tempi (1756-1757)
Ludovico Valenti (1759-1762)
Vacant (1762-1802)
Carlo Crivelli (1802-1818)
Vacant (1818-1835)
Giuseppe della Porta Rodiani (1835-1841)
Ignazio Giovanni Cadolini (1843-1850)
Vacant (1850-1856)
Alessandro Barnabò (1856-1874)
Bartolomeo D'Avanzo (1876-1884)
Patrick Francis Moran (1885-1911)
François-Virgile Dubillard (1911-1914)
Giorgio Gusmini (1915-1920)
Giovanni Bonzano, P.I.M.E. (1924-1927)
Alexis-Henri-Marie Lépicier, O.M.I. (1927-1936)
Arthur Hinsley (1937-1943)
Edward Joseph Mooney (1946-1958)
Richard James Cushing (1958-1970)
Humberto Sousa Medeiros (1973-1983)
Bernard Francis Law (1985-

(1) According to Cristofori, Pseudocardinal Ludovico Varembon de la Palu occupied this title from 1440 to 1450 and Pseudocardinal Guglielmo D'Estaing from 1444 to 1450. He does not offer any further explanation as to how two different persons were occupants of the same title at almost the same time. Eubel indicates that some authors list Pseudocardinal d'Estaing as the occupant of the title of S. Marcello.

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S. Teresa al Corso d'Italia
Established by Pope John XXIII on May 5, 1962, by the apostolic constitution Inter frequentissima.

Giovanni Panico (1962)
Joseph-Marie Martin (1965-1976)
Lázló Lékai (1976-1986)
László Paskai, O.F.M. (1988-

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Tigridæ
The title of Tigride was erected ca. 112 by Pope Saint Alexander I. This title was listed in the Roman Synod of March 1, 499. It was suppressed ca. 600 by Pope Saint Gregory I the Great (590-604) and replaced with the title of S. Sisto.

Romano (494-?)

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S. Tommaso in Parione
This title was established on July 6, 1517 by Pope Leo X (1513-1521) just after he greatly increased the number of cardinals in the consistory of July 1, 1517. On December 18, 1937, by the apostolic constitution Quum S. Thomæ in Parione, Pope Pius XI (1922-1939) suppressed it because of the poor physical condition of its church. The title was transferred to S. Maria in Vallicella.

Lorenzo Campeggio (1518-1519)
Vacant (1519-1529)
Girolamo Doria (1529-1555)
Louis I de Guise de Lorraine (1555-1578)
Girolamo Bernerio, O.P. (1587-1589)
Vacant (1589-1597)
Francesco Mantica (1597-1602)
Innocenzo del Bufalo-Cancellieri (1604-1605)
Carlo Gaudenzio Madruzzo (1605-1616)
Pietro Campori (1616-1642)
Vacant (1642-1660)
Gregorio Barbarigo (1660-1677)
Vacant (1677-1690)
Bandino Panciatici (1690-1691)
Vacant (1691-1716)
Innico Caracciolo, iuniore (1716-1730)
Giuseppe Firrao (1731-1740)
Vacant (1740-1746)
Giovanni Battista Barni (1746-1754)
Paul d'Albert de Luynes (1758-1788)
Vacant (1788-1801)
Giulio Gabrielli (1801-1819)
Vacant (1819-1831)
Pedro de Inguanzo y Rivero (1831-1836)
Vacant (1836-1863)
Jean-Baptiste-François Pitra, O.S.B. (1863-1867)
Francisco de Paula Benevaides y Navarrete, O.S. Iacobis (1877-1879)
Vacant (1879-1887)
Gaetano Aloisi Masella (1887-1893)
Giuseppe Guarino (1893-1897)
Vacant (1897-1903)
Johannes Baptist Katschthaler (1903-1914)
Vacant (1914-1937)
Title suppressed in 1937

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Trasfigurazione di Nostro Signore Gesù Cristo
Established by Pope John Paul II in 2001.

Pedro Rubiano Sáenz (2001-

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S. Trifone
This title was established by Pope Saint Pius V (1566-1572) on March 13, 1566 and suppressed on April 13, 1587 by Pope Sixtus V (1585-1590).

Antoine de Crêqui Canaples (1566-1574)
Title suppressed in 1587

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SS. Trinità al Monte Pincio
Pope Sixtus V (1585-1590) established this title on April 13, 1587, by the apostolic constitution Religiosa.

Charles II de Lorraine de Vaudémont (1587)
François Joyeuse (1587-1594)
Pierre de Gondi (1594-1616)
Denis-Simon de Marquemont (1626)
Alphonse-Louis Duplessis de Richelieu, O.Cist. (1635-1653)
Antonio Barberini,, iuniore (1653-1655)
Girolamo Grimaldi Cavalleroni (1655-1675)
César d'Estrées (1675-1698)
Pierre de Cambout (1700-1706)
Joseph de la Trémoille (1706-1720)
Armand-Gaston-Maximilien de Rohan (1721-1749)
Vacant (1749-1753)
Clemente Argenvilliers (1753-1758)
Pietro Girolamo Guglielmi (1759-1773)
Bernardino Giraud (1773-1782)
Giovanni De Gregorio (1785-1791)
Jean-Siffrein Maury (1794-1817)
Vacant (1817-1823)
Anna-Antoine-Jules de Clermont-Tonnerre (1823-1830)
Louis-François-Auguste de Rohan-Chabot (1831-1833)
Joachim-Jean-Xavier d'Isoard (1833-1839)
Louis-Jacques-Maurice de Bonald (1842-1870)
Vacant (1870-1874)
René-François Régnier (1874-1881)
Louis-Marie-Joseph-Eusèbe Caverot (1884-1887)
Victor-Felix Bernadou (1887-1891)
Guillaume-René Meignan (1893-1896)
Jean-Pierre Boyer (1896)
Pierre-Hector Coullié (1898-1912)
Hector-Irénée Sévin (1914-1916)
Louis-Joseph Maurin (1916-1936)
Pierre-Marie Gerlier (1937-1965)
Jean Villot (1965-1974)
Alexandre-Charles Renard (1976-1983)
Albert Decourtray (1985-1994)
Pierre Eyt (1994-2001)
Louis-Marie Billé (2001-2002)
Philippe Barbarin (2003-

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S. Ugo
Established by Pope John Paul II in 1994.

Emmanuel Wamala (1994-

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Vestinae
See Ss. Vitale, Valeria, Gervasio e Protasio


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Ss. Vitale, Valeria, Gervasio e Protasio
The title Vestinae was founded during the pontificate of Pope Saint Innocent I (401-417) by a Roman matron named Vestina. At the Roman Synod of 595 it is noted under the name of S. Vitale. According to the catalog of Pietro Mallio, composed during the pontificate of Alexander III (1159-1181), this title was attached to the Basilica of S. Maria Maggiore and its priests were to celebrate mass there in turn. Its ancient building was in ruins and Pope Clement VIII (1592-1605) suppressed it in 1596. On December 16, 1880, Pope Leo XIII (1878-1903) restored it with the name of Ss. Vitale, Gervasio e Protasio in Vestina.

Gennaro (494-?)
Giovanni (590-?)
Cristoforo (761-?)
Adriano (853-?)
Curione (?-before 1099)
Ugo (1099-ca. 1122)
Ugo Lectifredo (1123-1140) (1)
Tommaso, Can. Reg. of S. Maria de Crescenzago (1140-1153)
Vacant (?) (1153-1164)
Teodino degli Atti, O.S.B.(1164-1179)
Vacant (?) (1179-1201)
Gregorio Crescenzi (1200-ca. 1208)
Vacant (?) (1208-1294)
Giovanni Castrocoeli, O.S.B.Cas. (1294-1295)
Vacant (1295-1305)
Pierre de la Chapelle Taillefer (1305-1306)
Jacques d'Euse (1312-1313)
Bertrand de la Tour, O.F.M. (1320-1323)
Jean-Raymond de Comminges (1327-1331)
Vacant (1331-1342)
Élie de Nabinal, O.F.M. (1342-1348)
Nicola Capocci (1350-1361)
Vacant (1361-1371)
Guillaume de Chanac, O.S.B. (1371-1383), later a pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement VII
Jean de Murol (1385-1399), pseudocardinal of Antipope Clement VII
Vacant (1399-1440)
Peter von Schaumberg (1440-1469)
Vacant (1469-1473)
Ausias Despuig (1473-1477)
Cristoforo della Rovere (1477-1478)
Domenico della Rovere (1478-1479)
Ferry de Clugny (1480-1482)
Juan Margarit i Pau (1483-1484)
Vacant (1484-1489)
Giovanni Conti (1489-1493)
Raymond Pérault, pro illa vice deaconry (ca. 1496-1499); title (1499-1500)
Jaime Serra i Cau (1500-1502)
Gianstefano Ferrero (1502-1505)
Antonio de Ferrero (1505-1508)
René de Prie (1509-1511)
Antonio Maria Ciocchi del Monte (1511-1514); in commendam (1514-1517)
Francesco Conti (1517-1521)
Marino Grimani (1528-1532)
Esteban Gabriel Merino (1533-1534)
John Fisher (1535)
Gasparo Contarini (1535-1537)
Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte (1537-1542)
Giovanni Girolamo Morone (1542-1549)
Filiberto Ferrero (1549)
Giovanni Ricci (1551-1566)
Luigi Pisani (1566-1568)
Luigi Cornaro (1568-1569)
Gaspar Cervantes de Gaete (1570)
Pierdonato Cesi, seniore (1570-1584)
Costanzo da Sarnano, O.F.M.Conv. (1587)
Antonmaria Sauli (1588-1591)
Vacant (1591-1596)
Title suppressed in 1596
Title restored in 1880
Andon Bedros IX Hassoun (1880-1884)
Guglielmo Massaia, O.F.M.Cap. (1884-1889)
Albin Dunajewski (1891-1894)
Vacant (1894-1902)
Jan Puzyna (1902-1911)
Louis-Nazaire Bégin (1914-1925)
Vicente Casanova Marzol (1925-1930)
Vacant (1930-1935)
Karel Kašpar (1935-1941)
Vacant (1941-1946)
Manuel Arce Ochotorena (1946-1948)
Vacant (1948-1953)
Benjamín de Arriba Castro (1953-1973)
Frantisek Tomásek (1977-1992)
Adam Joseph Maida (1994-

(1) Cristofori lists Cardinals Gottifredo in 1133 and Lampredo? in 1138 but their existence has not been ascertained.

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