Love in the Age of War in Latin America
Prof. Mark D. Szuchman

FLORIDA INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Department of History
(Fall 2004)

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THE DOCUMENTS

Reading assignments (available to registered students only)

 

FIU
Department of History

LAH 6915:
Research in Latin American History: Love in the Age of War
 

Prof. Mark D. Szuchman
Fall 2004

Tuesdays 5:00 pm
DM 370 / PC 322
Office: DM 445; Office Hours: Tuesdays, 3:00 - 4:30 pm

Objectives.
This research seminar will explore issues of domestic relations within the larger political, social and economic contexts during the changeful era of nation-building. We will explore several key components for understanding domestic relations, including interactions between the state’s public needs and the family’s private domain, marriage calculations and married life, property transmission, offspring, child-rearing practices and state control, patriarchy and family business, the dynamic nature of household composition, and the legal framework surrounding many of these conditions.

 

Thus, students will make ample use of documents from archives in Mexico and Argentina detailing aspects of domestic life as refracted through judicial systems. Students will incorporate the use of technologies in order to present and analyze documents in digital format. The contents of documents will be transcribed, then analyzed within the historical context of Spanish America’s politically turbulent  nineteenth century. Secondary readings will provide the historical setting through which to discuss the documentation. Transcriptions and commentaries will populate a web site that will archive the original documentation.

 

Each student is responsible for the following course components:

Ÿ          reading, understanding and transcription of primary documentation consisting of judicial cases

Ÿ          reading and analysis of the secondary literature on the transition to nation and nation-building and impact on domestic relations

Ø         come to seminar prepared with digital notes to discuss the reading assignments (Palm’s will be provided to thosse who do not have one; student is responsible for acquiring WordSmith from www.bluenomad.com)

Ÿ          a paper that analyzes the primary documentation within the era’s larger social and political framework

 

Requirements. 

Hardware. Students are required to have Windows desktop or laptop computers.

Software. Specialized academic software use (Nota Bene) is mandatory, as is software training for those who do not know the application. Students will have use of Nota Bene for the duration of the course. At the end of the term, students who receive the grade of “B” or better can choose to have the software license transferred to their names. Attendance at three software training sessions is required for the first three Saturday mornings of the term (students who have undergone training are excused, but are welcome if they wish to attend). In addition to the Saturday training workshops — and in support of them — you will find helpful hints and training videos at: www.fiu.edu/~szuchman/notabenehelp.

Language. Good reading knowledge of Spanish.

Readings.  Different types of reading materials are associated with the seminar.

A. Unpublished archival documentation is on line as part of the course’s web site:  http://www.fiu.edu/~szuchman/lovewar04. Students will add to the on-line content as part of the course.

 

B. Published archival sources (sample):

Argentina. Asamblea General Constituyente, 1813–1815. El Redactor de la Asamblea (1813–1815). Reimpresión facsimilar, ilustrada. Dirigida por la Junta de Historia y Numismática Americana en cumplimiento de la Ley 9044. Buenos Aires: Compañía Sud-Americana de Billetes de Banco, 1913.

Mallié, Augusto E., comp. La Revolución de Mayo a Través de los Impresos de la Época. Primera Serie, 1809–1815. 6 vols. Buenos Aires, 1965–67.

Buenos Aires. Junta de Representantes. Acuerdos de la Honorable Junta de Representantes, 1822. Publicaciones del Archivo Histórico de la Provincia de Buenos Aires “Ricardo Levene” III, Documentos del Archivo. La Plata: Provincia de Buenos Aires, Ministerio de Educación y Cultura, Subsecretaría de Cultura, 1981.

Angelis, Pedro de, comp. Colección de obras y documentos relativos a la historia antigua y moderna de las provincias del Río de la Plata. With a preface by Andrés Carretero. 1836–37. Buenos Aires: Plus Ultra, 1969. 8 vols.

Buenos Aires. Correspondencia de la ciudad de Buenos Ayres con los reyes de España; documentos del Archivo de Indias. Cartas del Cabildo; memoriales presentados en la corte por los procuradores, apoderados y enviados especiales de la ciudad. Colección de Publicaciones Históricas de la Biblioteca del Congreso Argentino. Madrid, 1915–18. 3 vols.

 

C. Secondary literature is available in the Green Library on reserve physically and on-line. The course’s web site contains additional reading on-line (see (http://www.fiu.edu/~szuchman/lovewar04).  

 

Grading.

Document transcription and analysis:                     30%.

Paper:                                                                    40%

Participation / contribution to seminar discussions:   30%

 

 

Meeting Schedule

 

Aug 31                  Introduction; nature and scope of the seminar; special components

 

Sat Sep 4:             Software training (9:00 am - noon, PC 322) 

 

Sep 7                    Overview, theory, historiographical traditions

 

Ariès, Philippe. Centuries of Childhood: A Social History of Family Life. New York: Knopf, 1962. ON RESERVE

Hareven, Tamara K. “The History of the Family and the Complexity of Social Change.” American Historical Review 96, no. 1 (February 1991): 95-124. JSTOR

Mitterauer, Michael, and Reinhard Sieder. The European Family: Patriarchy to Partnership from the Middle Ages to the Present. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982. Intro - Ch. 6.

 

Sat Sep 11: Software training (9:00 am - noon, PC 322)

 

Sep 14                  State relations and conflict: the 19th Century

 

Blum, Ann S. “Public Welfare and Child Circulation, Mexico City, 1877–1925.” Journal of Family History 23, no. 3 (1998): 240–71.

Chambers, Sarah. “‘To the Company of a Man Like My Husband; no Law Can Compel Me’: Women’s Strategies Against Domestic Violence in Arequipa, Peru, 1780–1850.” Journal of Women’s History 11, no. 1 (Spring 1999).

Gelman, Jorge, and María Inés Schroeder. “Juan Manuel de Rosas contra los estancieros: Los embargos a los ‘unitarios’ de la campaña de Buenos Aires.” Hispanic American Historical Review 82, no. 3 (August 2003): 487–520.

Hingson, Jesse. “Savages Into Citizens: Families, Political Purge, and Reconciliation in Córdoba, Argentina, 1820–1862.” Ph.D. diss. Miami: Florida International University, 2003.

Premo, Branca. “Minor Offenses: Youth, Crime, and Law in Eighteenth-Century Lima.” In Minor Omissions: Children in Latin American History and Society, edited by Tobias Hecht, 114–38. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2002.

Salvatore, Ricardo D. Wandering Paysanos: State, Order and Subaltern Experience in Buenos Aires: The Rosas Era. Durham: Duke University Press, 2003.

Szuchman, Mark D. Order, Family, and Community in Buenos Aires, 1810–1860. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1988. ON RESERVE

 

Sat Sep 18: Software training (9:00 am - noon, PC 322)

 

Sep 21, 28            What’s love got to do with it?: Marriage, married life, marital relations, sex

 

Arrom, Silvia M. “Marriage Patterns in Mexico City, 1811.” Journal of Family History 3 (Winter 1978): 376-91.

Baily, Samuel L. “Marriage Patterns and Immigrant Assimilation in Buenos Aires, 1882-1923.” Hispanic American Historical Review 60 (February 1980): 32-48. JSTOR

Bliss, Katherine. “The Science of Redemption: Syphilis, Sexual Promiscuity, and Reformism in Revolutionary Mexico.” Hispanic American Historical Review 79, no. 1 (February 1999): 1-40. JSTOR

Boyer, Richard. “Women, La Mala Vida, and the Politics of Marriage.” In Sexuality and Marriage in Colonial Latin America, edited by Asunción Lavrin, 252-86. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1989. ON RESERVE

Cavieres F., Eduardo, and Salinas M. René. Amor, sexo y matrimonio en Chile tradicional. Valparaíso: Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, 1991. ON RESERVE

Chasteen, John Charles. “Trouble Between Men and Women: Machismo on Nineteenth-Century Estancias.” In The Middle Period in Latin America: Values and Attitudes in the 17th-19th Centuries, edited by Mark D. Szuchman, 123-40. Boulder: Lynn Rienner Publishers, 1989. ON RESERVE

Hunefeldt, Christine. Liberalism in the Bedroom: Quarreling Spouses in Nineteenth-Century Lima. University Park, PA: Penn State University Press, 2000. Ch. 6. ON RESERVE

Nazzari, Muriel. “Concubinage in Colonial Brazil: The Inequalities of Race, Class, and Gender.” Journal of Family History 21, no. 2 (April 1996). COURSE WEB SITE

Potthast-Jutkeit, Barbara. “The Ass of a Mare and Other Scandals: Marriage and Extramarital Relations in Nineteenth-Century Paraguay.” Journal of Family History 16, no. 3 (1991): 215-39. COURSE WEB SITE

Ruggiero, Kristin. “Wives on ‘Deposit’: Internment and the Preservation of Husbands’ Honor in Late Nineteenth-Century Buenos Aires.” Journal of Family History 17, no. 3 (1992): 253–70. COURSE WEB SITE

Socolow, Susan M.. “Acceptable Partners: Marriage Choice in Colonial Argentina, 1778-1810.” In Sexuality and Marriage in Colonial Latin America, edited by Asunción Lavrin, 209-51. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1989. ON RESERVE

Spurling, Geoffrey. “Honor, Sexuality, and the Colonial Church: The Sins of Dr. González, Cathedral Canon.” In The Faces of Honor: Sex, Shame and Violence in Colonial Latin America, edited by Lyman Johnson and Sonya Lipsett-Rivera, 45-67. Albuquerque: Univesity of New Mexico Press, 1998. ON RESERVE

Szuchman, Mark D. “The Limits of the Melting Pot in Urban Argentina: Marriage and Integration in Córdoba, 1869-1909.” Hispanic American Historical Review 57, no. 1 (February 1977): 24-50. JSTOR

Twinam, Ann. “The Negotiation of Honor: Elites, Sexuality, and Illegitimacy in Eighteenth-Century Spanish America.” In The Faces of Honor: Sex, Shame, and Violence in Colonial Latin America, edited by Lyman Johnson and Sonya Lipsett-Rivera, 69-102. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1998. ON RESERVE

 

Oct 5                    Yours (materially) forever: dowries, inheritance

 

Chandler, David S. “The Montepíos and the Regulation of Marriage in the Mexican Bureaucracy, 1770-1820.”  Americas XLIII (July 1986): 47-68. COURSE WEB SITE

Gonzalbo Aizpuru, Pilar. “Las cargas del matrimonio. Dotes y vida familiar en la Nueva España.” In Familia y vida privada en la historia de Iberoamérica, edited by Pilar Gonzalbo Aizpuru and Cecilia Rabell Romero, 207-26.

Mexico, D.F.: El Colegio de México/UNAM, 1996. ON RESERVE

Lamar, Marti. “’Choosing’ Partible Inheritance: Chilean Merchant Families, 1795-1825.” Journal of Social History 28, no. 1 (Fall 1994): 125-45. COURSE WEB SITE

Rodríguez Sáenz, Eugenia. “Hemos pactado matrimoniarnos. Familia, comunidad, y alianzas matrimoniales en San José (1827-1851).” In Familia y vida privada en la historia de iberoamérica, edited by Pilar Gonzalbo Aizpura and Cecilia Rabell Romero, 161-98. Mexico, D.F.: El Colegio de México and Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 1996. ON RESERVE

 

Oct 12                  Do as we say, not as we do: Children

 

Malvido, Elsa. “El abandono de los hijos: una forma de control de tamaño de la familia y del trabajo indígena, Tula, 1683-1830.” Historia Mexicana 29, no. 4 (1980): 521-61. COURSE WEB SITE

Ruggiero, Kristin. “Honor, Maternity and the Disciplining of Women: Infanticide in Late Nineteenth-Century Buenos Aires.” Hispanic American Historical Review 72, no. 3 (August 1992): 353-73. JSTOR

Salinas Meza, René. “Orphans and Family Disintegration in Chile: The Mortality of Abandoned Children, 1750-1930.” Journal of Family History 16, no. 3 (1991): 315-29. COURSE WEB SITE

Seed, Patricia. To Love, Honor, and Obey in Colonial Mexico: Conflicts Over Marriage Choice, 1574-1821. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1988. ON RESERVE

Shumway, Jeffrey. “‘The Purity of My Blood Cannot Put Food on My Table’: Marriage in Nineteenth-Century Buenos Aires.” The Americas 58, no. 2 (October 2001): 201-20. COURSE WEB SITE

Szuchman, Mark D. “A Challenge to the Patriarchs: Love Among the Youth in Nineteenth-Century Argentina.” In The Middle Period in Latin America: Values and Attitudes in the 17th-19th Centuries, edited by Mark D. Szuchman, 141-65. Boulder: Lynn Rienner Publishers, 1989. ON RESERVE

----. “Childhood Education and Politics in Nineteenth-Century Argentina: The Case of Buenos Aires.” Hispanic American Historical Review 70 (February 1990): 109-38. JSTOR

 

Oct 19                  Safe at home: Households, structures, kinship

 

Lauderdale Graham, Sandra. House and Street: The Domestic World of Servants and Masters in Nineteenth-Century Rio de Janeiro. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988. ON RESERVE

Rabell Romero, Cecilia. “Trayectoria de vida familiar, raza y género en Oaxaca colonial.” In Familia y vida privada en la historia de iberoamérica, edited by Pilar Gonzalbo Aizpura and Cecilia Rabell Romero, 75-118. Mexico, D.F.: El Colegio de México and Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 1996. ON RESERVE

 

Oct 26                 All in the family: Business

 

Kicza, John. “The Role of the Family in Economic Development in Nineteenth-Century Latin America.” Journal of Family History 10 (Fall 1985): 235-46. COURSE WEB SITE

Socolow, Susan M. “Marriage, Birth, and Inheritance: The Merchants of Eighteenth-Century Buenos Aires.” Hispanic American Historical Review 60, no. 3 (August 1980): 387-406. JSTOR

Walker, David W. Kinship, Business, and Politics: The Martínez del Río Family in Mexico, 1823-1867. Austin: The University of Texas Press, 1986. ON RESERVE

 

Nov 2                    Soiling business: Land, politics, revolution, patriarchy

 

Balmori, Diana, Stuart Voss, and Miles Wortman. Notable Family Networks in Latin America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984. ON RESERVE

Canedo, Mariana. “Propiedades, propietarios y ocupantes: La tierra y la familia en la campaña de Buenos Aires, ‘El Pago de los Arroyos’.” Boletín del Instituto de Historia Argentina y Americana “Dr. E. Ravignani” 3rd ser, no. 7 (1993): 7-29. COURSE WEB SITE

Metcalf, Alida C. Family and Frontier in Colonial Brazil: Santana de Parnaíba. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992. Chs. 4-6, Conclusion. ON RESERVE

Tutino, John M.. “Family Economies in Agrarian Mexico, 1750-1910.” Journal of Family History 10 (Fall 1985): 258-71.COURSE WEB SITE

 

Optional               State relations and oversight: the 20th century

 

Guy, Donna J. “The State, the Family, and Marginal Children in Latin America.” In Minor Omissions: Children in Latin American History and Society, edited by Tobias Hecht, 139–64. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2002.

Hora, Roy. “The Making and Evolution of the Buenos Aires Economic Elite in the Nineteenth Century.” Hispanic American Historical Review 83, no. 3 (August 2003): 451–86.

Lomnitz, Larissa Adler de., and Marisol. Pérez Lizaur. A Mexican Elite Family, 1820–1980 Kinship, Class, and Culture. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1987.

Schell, Patience A. “Nationalizing Children Through Schools and Hygiene: Porfirian and Revolutionary Mexico City.” The Americas 60, no. 4 (2004): 559–87.

Tinsman, Heidi. Partners in Conflict the Politics of Gender, Sexuality, and Labor in the Chilean Agrarian Reform, 1950–1973. Durham: Duke University Press, 2002.

 

Nov 9 -23             Research period

 

Nov 30                  Presentations

 

Dec 7                    Presentations / Wrap-up

 

Dec 14                  Papers due 5:00 pm